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Designing efficient light-emitting diodes with full-color-tunability and white-light-emission remains a challenge. Here, the authors demonstrate a multifunctional hybrid tandem LED by stacking a yellow quantum-dot LED with a blue organic LED using an indium–zinc oxide intermediate connecting electrode.
Large-scale production of fibers from two dimensional materials opens a pathway to promising applications. Here the authors report meter-long MXene fibers with high electrical conductivity that are fabricated via continuous wet spinning and demonstrated in electrical wires.
In Parkinson’s disease (PD) the monomeric protein alpha-synuclein (aSyn) misfolds and aggregates into insoluble fibrils. Here the authors use NMR measurements and hydrogen–deuterium exchange mass spectrometry and find that the more solvent exposed the N-terminus of aSyn is, the more aggregation prone its conformation becomes, and further show how PD mutations and post translational modifications influence the extent of the N-terminus solvent exposure.
Phosphor-glass/ceramic composites are attractive for high-power white light-emitting diodes, but interfacial reaction leads to loss of quantum efficiency. Here the authors report a reduction sintering method for embedment of phosphors into silica glass with limited interfacial reaction.
REV7 has emerged as a critical regulator of DNA double-strand breaks repair. Here, the authors show that REV7 is crucial for both antibody class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation in activated B cells, in addition to their survival upon AID-deamination.
The Thoeris defense system is a recently discovered bacterial defense system that protects bacteria against phage infection and consists of the two genes thsA and thsB. Here, the authors present the crystal structures of Bacillus cereus ThsA and ThsB and show that ThsA is a NAD+ cleaving enzyme.
Label-free trapping of nanoparticles via dielectophoretic forces is traditionally done with electrodes in a horizontal gap layout. Here, the authors present a vertical nanogap architecture, which allows for precise capture and spatiotemporal manipulation of nanoparticles and molecular assemblies.
In S. pombe, small non-coding RNA mediates heterochromatin formation by recruiting the nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase complex. Here, the authors show that fly nucleosome remodeler Mi-2 and histone deacetylase Rpd3 are involved in piRNA-dependent transcriptional silencing of transposable elements.
Porous coordination frameworks that undergo reversible structural transformations are promising for sensing, switching and separations. Here, the authors report an electroactive framework that exhibits a reversible single crystal-to-single crystal double [2+2] photocyclisation, leading to property changes.
There is growing interest in non-traditional materials for logic applications. Here, the authors demonstrate a domain device architecture based on ferroelectric LiNbO3 crystals with gate voltage controlled transistor without subthreshold swing and source voltage controlled nonvolatile transistor.
Mutation of the C-terminal extension of 5′-aminolevulinate synthase 2 (ALAS2) is the molecular cause for X-linked protoporphyria, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Based on crystal structures and MD simulations of ALAS2, the authors here show how the C-terminal extension regulates ALAS2 activity.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by fear of gaining weight that can lead to serious complications. Here the authors show that inhibition of SIRT1 is protective against the onset and progression of anorectic behavior in an activity-based anorexia model, suggesting SIRT1 could be a potential therapeutic target.
Genetic resources for livestock are valuable for understanding their demography and past selection, and may inform future breeding programs and agricultural improvement. Here, the authors present deep resequencing of 248 wild and domestic sheep, with associated data and analysis.
The complexity of genome-scale metabolic networks (GEMs) hinders their application in specific physiological contexts. Here, the authors introduce a framework to reduce thermodynamically curated GEMs to the subnetworks of interest and demonstrate its application by deriving leukemia-specific models.
Ultrafast electron-transfer reactions are fundamental to protein functions. Here the authors show that these reaction dynamics are affected by the ruggedness of protein energy landscape, which even modifies the reaction free energy and reorganization energy.
Argonaute 2 (AGO2) binds RAS and is required for cellular transformation. Here, the authors establish a KRAS-driven mouse model of pancreatic cancer with conditional loss of AGO2 and show that the early phase of neoplastic lesion initiation is dependent on EGFR/RAS but not AGO2, while AGO2 is required for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma progression and metastasis.
Model biases and internal variability are a cause for uncertainties in climate projections. Here, the authors show that 45% of projected uncertainty in the western Pacific Subtropical High can be reduced by correcting sea surface temperature biases in the equatorial Pacific and beneath marine stratocumulus clouds.
Resolving concerted nuclear and electronic motion in real-time is a primary goal in chemistry. The authors monitor nuclear and valence electronic dynamics in the excited state single-bond isomerisation of a chromophore of photoactive yellow protein, using time-resolved photoelectron imaging and electronic structure calculations.
FinO-domain proteins are bacterial RNA-binding proteins with a wide range of target specificities. Here, the authors employ UV CLIP-seq and show that minimal ProQ protein of Neisseria meningitidis binds to various small non-coding RNAs and mRNAs involved in virulence.
Understanding lithium ion dynamics holds the key to unlocking better battery materials and devices. Here, by combining electron energy-loss spectroscopy and machine learning, the authors reveal how lithium is extracted from LiCoO2 cathode used in a solid-state battery.
Uropathogenic E. coli can adhere to vaginal epithelial cells preceding urinary tract infection (UTI). Here, Brannon et al. show that urinary E. coli isolates can not only adhere to, but also invade vaginal cells in mouse UTI models and in clinical samples obtained from women with recurrent UTI.
Breeding crops with delayed senescence could plausibly increase grain yield. Here the authors show that variation at the rice SGR locus contributes to differences in senescence between indica and japonica subspecies and show that introgression can increase yield in an elite indica rice variety.
Tau plays an important role in tauopathies and undergoes liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS). The authors show that disease-related P301L mutant and phosphomimic (S199E/S202E/T205E) tau enhance LLPS in vitro at physiological levels, and using specific antibodies, that tau LLPS leads to pathological conformations such as N-terminal exposure and oligomeric species.
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is required for tumour angiogenesis and growth. Here, the authors show that deletion of pericyte FAK upregulates Gas6-Axl mediated Cyr61 production, which increases endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis, while elevating tissue factor production to enhance tumour cell proliferation.
Genetic variants at the RSPO3 locus are associated with waist-to-hip ratio (adjusted for BMI). Here, Loh et al. describe two independent RSPO3 signals that associate with body fat distribution, perform fine-mapping and explore the function of RSPO3 in human adipocyte biology and body fat distribution in zebrafish
Mediator is a multiprotein complex required to activate gene transcription by RNAPII. Here, the authors report that MED12 and MED13 are conditional positive regulators that facilitate the expression of genes depleted in active chromatin marks and the induction of gene expression in response to environmental stimuli in Arabidopsis.
The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) encodes expected outcomes and plays a key role in outcome-guided behavior. The authors show here that the top-down projection from the OFC to the visual cortex drives visual associative learning by modulating the response gain of V1 neurons to non-relevant stimuli.
Black carbon is a recalcitrant and unique form of organic carbon formed from incomplete combustion. Here the authors use global sampling to reduce uncertainty in the flux of terrestrial black carbon to the oceans, predicting that 34% of black carbon produced by fires has an oceanic fate.
Sequestration of reactants in lipid vesicles is a strategy prevalent in biological systems to raise the rate and specificity of chemical reactions. Here, the authors show that micelle-assisted reactions facilitate native chemical ligation between a peptide-thioester and a Cys-peptide modified by a lipid-like moiety.
Previous study identified in vivo structured mRNA regions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by dimethyl sulfate-sequencing. Here the authors use quantitative proteomics to identify protein interactors of 186 RNA folds in S. cerevisiae, providing functional links between RNA binding proteins and distinct mRNA fold.
Mutations that affect Treg cell function can cause lethal autoimmunity, but whether correcting these mutations can reverse established disease is unclear. Here, the authors correct Treg cell-specific Brg1 mutation in a minor fraction of Treg cells, which supercharges these cells to rescue mice from otherwise fatal IPEX-like autoimmunity.
There lacks a method to measure the rapid changes of vehicle emissions. Here the authors proposed a big data approach ‘TrackATruck’, and their estimates using the new approach show that the heavy-duty trucks (HDT) emissions of primary cargo routes/terminals were underestimated by 2–10 times in proxy-based emission inventories.
The signals restricting specification of vascular progenitors are unclear. Here, the authors use scRNAseq to identify transitional steps during blood and vascular development in zebrafish and identify Etv2 as repressing skeletal muscle differentiation in vascular progenitors.
The location and extent of intranasal oxytocin brain penetrance has not been shown. Here the authors show that oxytocin, administered intranasally, enters brain regions along the trajectories of the olfactory and trigeminal nerves and there, reaches biologically relevant concentrations.
Plasma can act as strong nonlinear refractive index medium that can be exploited to downshift the frequency of a laser pulse. Here, the authors show the generation of single-cycle tunable infrared pulses using strong density gradients associated with laser-produced wakes in plasmas.
Fibroblast contributions to lung fibrosis and in particular their crosstalk with immune cells in the lung are incompletely understood. Here, the authors show an overall immune suppressive environment transcriptionally controlled and maintained by fibroblasts in lung fibrosis with possible therapeutic implications.
First-principles calculations can help design and understand the behaviour of quantum technologies, but this requires the development of accurate methods to predict material properties. Here the authors present a method for calculating the spin-phonon relaxation time of general systems, a key quantity for spintronic devices.
Small molecule polyamines participate in diverse aspects of cell growth and differentiation and are known to regulate ion channel gating. Here authors reveal that cellular polyamines control nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) biogenesis, and either catabolic degradation or inhibition of polyamine production augments nAChR assembly.
Landslides are damaging natural hazards and can often lead to unexpected casualties and property damage. Here, the authors conduct geodetic and hydrological data analyses of the Slumgullion landslide, Colorado, and quantify the mass movement to find it fits a power-law flow theory and responds to hydroclimatic variability.