multicellular bacteria looking like caterpillars

Evolution of longitudinal division in multicellular bacteria

Sammy Nyongesa, Philipp Weber et al. study cell shape and cell division in a family of bacteria, some of which divide in unusual ways and form caterpillar-like multicellular structures… in your mouth!

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Latest Research articles

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • Vertical exchange in the ocean is an important conduit connecting the surface to the deep and influences the distributions of gases, nutrients, pollutants, and other tracers. Here the authors using high-resolution observations and numerical simulations of the ocean fronts in the Northern Gulf of Mexico reveal that the interaction between the fronts and land-sea breeze creates slantwise pathways for water parcels and induces significant subduction of surface water and upwelling of bottom water.

    • Lixin Qu
    • Leif N. Thomas
    • Jonathan D. Nash
    Article Open Access
  • Accurate estimates of carbon fluxes are important to our understanding of the carbon cycle. Here, via model-data integration, the authors disentangle anthropogenic and environmental carbon flux contributions of terrestrial woody vegetation, and find that environmental processes are weaker and more susceptible to interannual variations and extreme events in the 21st century than previously estimated.

    • Selma Bultan
    • Julia E. M. S. Nabel
    • Julia Pongratz
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • Transitioning from spores to hyphae is crucial for host invasion by the plant pathogenic fungus Zymoseptoria tritici. Here, the authors show that the spore-to-hypha transition is enhanced by wheat leaf surface compounds and is regulated by the white-collar complex, which integrates light with biotic and abiotic cues to allow host invasion through open stomata.

    • Sreedhar Kilaru
    • Elena Fantozzi
    • Gero Steinberg
    Article Open Access
  • Diet affects the human gut microbiome, but studies linking crop genetics to seed traits that influence the human gut microbiome are lacking. Here, the authors develop an in vitro microbiome screening method and reveal the association between sorghum genes regulating condensed tannin biosynthesis and human gut microbiome.

    • Qinnan Yang
    • Mallory Van Haute
    • Andrew K. Benson
    Article Open Access
  • The formation of branched microtubule networks in mitotic spindles depends on the augmin complex. Zupa, Würtz et al. elucidate the molecular architecture and conformational plasticity of the augmin complex using integrative structural biology, providing structural insights into microtubule branching.

    • Erik Zupa
    • Martin Würtz
    • Stefan Pfeffer
    Article Open Access
  • During viral infections high levels of antibodies can form soluble immune complexes (sICs) with antigen and trigger Fcγ receptors (FcγR) leading to increased immunopathology. Here the authors measure FcγRs activation by sICs and consider how these may lead to excessive immunopathology during severe SARS-CoV-2 infection.

    • Jakob Ankerhold
    • Sebastian Giese
    • Valeria Falcone
    Article Open Access
  • Identifying structural variants (SVs) under positive selection in cancer is challenging. Here, the authors develop CSVDriver, a method that computes SV breakpoint proximity and the contribution of elements such as topologically associating domains, and identifies loci that show signs of positive selection and contain known and putative drivers.

    • Alexander Martinez-Fundichely
    • Austin Dixon
    • Ekta Khurana
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

  • This research quantifies the role of zero deforestation policies and potential leakages in Brazilian soybean production, the third major driver of deforestation globally. Here the authors provide the first estimates of net global avoided soy-driven deforestation from zero-deforestation import restrictions and find that such restrictions could help avoid ~40% of deforestation for soy cultivation in Brazil and ~2% of global deforestation.

    • Nelson Villoria
    • Rachael Garrett
    • Kimberly Carlson
    Article Open Access
  • The singlet fission mechanism is still not relatively well understood, except for polyacenes. Here, the authors demonstrate that in diketopyrrolopyrrole supramolecular assemblies, both singlet fission and intersystem crossing can simultaneously happen.

    • Nilabja Maity
    • Woojae Kim
    • Satish Patil
    Article Open Access
  • Wood used in construction stores carbon and reduces the emissions from steel and cement production. Transformation to timber cities while protecting forest and biodiversity is possible without significant increase in competition for land.

    • Abhijeet Mishra
    • Florian Humpenöder
    • Alexander Popp
    Article Open Access
  • Selecting economic policies to achieve sustainable development is challenging due to the many sectors involved and the trade-offs implied. Artificial intelligence combined with economy-wide computer simulations can help.

    • Mohammed Basheer
    • Victor Nechifor
    • Julien J. Harou
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • Over the last two and a half years, Nature Communications has received thousands of submissions related to the COVID-19 pandemic and accepted hundreds for publication. To showcase the breadth and quality of this work, we are now launching a COVID-19 Collection, and here we reflect on our editorial processes during this period.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Most organelles move bidirectionally on microtubule tracks, yet how this opposing movement is regulated by kinesin and dynein remains unclear. Recent work found that ARL8, a known anterograde adaptor linking the lysosome to kinesin, also links lysosomes to the retrograde motor dynein, providing key insight into bidirectional organelle movement in cells.

    • Agnieszka A. Kendrick
    • Jenna R. Christensen
    Comment Open Access
  • Advances in geospatial and Machine Learning techniques for large datasets of georeferenced observations have made it possible to produce model-based global maps of ecological and environmental variables. However, the implementation of existing scientific methods (especially Machine Learning models) to produce accurate global maps is often complex. Tomislav Hengl (co-founder of OpenGeoHub foundation), Johan van den Hoogen (researcher at ETH Zürich), and Devin Routh (Science IT Consultant at the University of Zürich) shared with Nature Communications their perspectives for creators and users of these maps, focusing on the key challenges in producing global environmental geospatial datasets to achieve significant impacts.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Chirality of magnons is an intrinsic degree of freedom that characterizes the handedness of spin precession around its equilibrium direction. This commentary summarizes recent progress on spin pumping by ferromagnetic resonance in magnetic heterostructures. In particular, the commentary highlights one fundamental issue in spin pumping: the chirality dependence of the spin current.

    • Z. Q. Qiu
    Comment Open Access
  • CAR T cell therapy is an effective cancer treatment, but biological and manufacturing hurdles hamper its broad breakthrough. Although the first step towards automated manufacture of CAR cells has been taken, new technologies are needed to enable the treatment of large patient groups.

    • Ulrich Blache
    • Georg Popp
    • Stephan Fricke
    Comment Open Access
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In this page, we highlight research papers in the areas of quantum information, computation and communication, quantum technologies, and fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics.
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