Yeon Joo Lee et al.

Brightness modulations of Venus point towards atmospheric super-rotation

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Physical sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    Designing energy efficient and fast optoelectric neuromorphic systems remains a challenge. Long et al. report that the combined optical-electric stimulus enables switching the ferroelectric polarization and cycling the resistance state of BaTiO3 tunnel barriers, showing that the optical control of resistance is non-volatile.

    • Xiao Long
    • , Huan Tan
    • , Florencio Sánchez
    • , Ignasi Fina
    •  & Josep Fontcuberta
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Machine learning potentials do not account for long-range charge transfer. Here the authors introduce a fourth-generation high-dimensional neural network potential including non-local information of charge populations that is able to provide forces, charges and energies in excellent agreement with DFT data.

    • Tsz Wai Ko
    • , Jonas A. Finkler
    • , Stefan Goedecker
    •  & Jörg Behler

Earth and environmental sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    The expansion of oceanic anoxia during the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum has important implications for faunal turnover patterns and global biogeochemical cycles. Here the authors use uranium isotopes and a biogeochemical model to suggest that the areal expansion of anoxia must have been limited to 10-fold.

    • Matthew O. Clarkson
    • , Timothy M. Lenton
    • , Morten B. Andersen
    • , Marie-Laure Bagard
    • , Alexander J. Dickson
    •  & Derek Vance
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Soils hold massive amounts of carbon that hangs in the balance of microbial respiration and climate warming. Here the authors analyze a global dataset starting in 1987 and find through modeling that though soil respiration change had flatlined, recently it has resumed increasing owing to global warming.

    • Jiesi Lei
    • , Xue Guo
    • , Yufei Zeng
    • , Jizhong Zhou
    • , Qun Gao
    •  & Yunfeng Yang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Concentrating photo-intensities on photocatalyst has diminishing returns. Here the authors show the catalyst on glass rod waveguide at optimal low intensity results in high efficiency in the gas phase reverse water gas shift reaction in an annular glass cylindrical rod photoreactor.

    • Joel Y. Y. Loh
    • , Abhinav Mohan
    • , Andrew G. Flood
    • , Geoffery A. Ozin
    •  & Nazir P. Kherani

Biological sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cryptochrome 1 (CRY1) is a transcriptional coregulator associated with the circadian clock. Here the authors reveal that CRY1 is hormone-regulated, stabilized by genomic insult, and promotes DNA repair and cell survival through temporal transcriptional regulation.

    • Ayesha A. Shafi
    • , Chris M. McNair
    • , Jennifer J. McCann
    • , Mohammed Alshalalfa
    • , Anton Shostak
    • , Tesa M. Severson
    • , Yanyun Zhu
    • , Andre Bergman
    • , Nicolas Gordon
    • , Amy C. Mandigo
    • , Saswati N. Chand
    • , Peter Gallagher
    • , Emanuela Dylgjeri
    • , Talya S. Laufer
    • , Irina A. Vasilevskaya
    • , Matthew J. Schiewer
    • , Michael Brunner
    • , Felix Y. Feng
    • , Wilbert Zwart
    •  & Karen E. Knudsen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Here, the authors introduce Cell Heterogeneity–Adjusted cLonal Methylation (CHALM) as a methylation quantification method that considers the heterogeneity of sequenced bulk cells. They apply CHALM to methylation datasets to detect differentially methylated genes that exhibit distinct biological functions supporting underlying mechanisms.

    • Jianfeng Xu
    • , Jiejun Shi
    • , Xiaodong Cui
    • , Ya Cui
    • , Jingyi Jessica Li
    • , Ajay Goel
    • , Xi Chen
    • , Jean-Pierre Issa
    • , Jianzhong Su
    •  & Wei Li
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Tuberculosis necrotizing toxin (TNT) is secreted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis to kill host cells. Here, Tak, Dokland and Niederweis show that proteins EsxE and EsxF form membrane-spanning hetero-oligomeric pores that are important for TNT secretion.

    • Uday Tak
    • , Terje Dokland
    •  & Michael Niederweis

Health sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    Test, trace, and isolate programmes are central to COVID-19 control. Here, Viola Priesemann and colleagues evaluate how to allocate scarce resources to keep numbers low, and find that if case numbers exceed test, trace and isolate capacity, there will be a self-accelerating spread.

    • Sebastian Contreras
    • , Jonas Dehning
    • , Matthias Loidolt
    • , Johannes Zierenberg
    • , F. Paul Spitzner
    • , Jorge H. Urrea-Quintero
    • , Sebastian B. Mohr
    • , Michael Wilczek
    • , Michael Wibral
    •  & Viola Priesemann
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Endogenous attention is known to be controlled by dorsal fronto-parietal brain areas. Here the authors identify a control attention area located in the temporal lobe, which is functionally distinct from surrounding areas, and is directly connected to parietal and frontal attentional regions.

    • Ilaria Sani
    • , Heiko Stemmann
    • , Bradley Caron
    • , Daniel Bullock
    • , Torsten Stemmler
    • , Manfred Fahle
    • , Franco Pestilli
    •  & Winrich A. Freiwald
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Dietary serine and glycine starvation has emerged as a potential therapy for cancer. Here, the authors show that inhibition of PHGDH, which mediates the first step in the serine synthesis pathway, improves the therapeutic efficacy of serine depletion diet in mouse xenograft models.

    • Mylène Tajan
    • , Marc Hennequart
    • , Eric C. Cheung
    • , Fabio Zani
    • , Andreas K. Hock
    • , Nathalie Legrave
    • , Oliver D. K. Maddocks
    • , Rachel A. Ridgway
    • , Dimitris Athineos
    • , Alejandro Suárez-Bonnet
    • , Robert L. Ludwig
    • , Laura Novellasdemunt
    • , Nikolaos Angelis
    • , Vivian S. W. Li
    • , Georgios Vlachogiannis
    • , Nicola Valeri
    • , Nello Mainolfi
    • , Vipin Suri
    • , Adam Friedman
    • , Mark Manfredi
    • , Karen Blyth
    • , Owen J. Sansom
    •  & Karen H. Vousden

News & Comment

  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Many newly-discovered microbial phyla have been studied solely by cultivation-independent techniques such as metagenomics. Much of their biology thus remains elusive, because the organisms have not yet been isolated and grown in the lab. Katayama et al. lift the curtain on some intriguing biology by cultivating and studying bacteria from the elusive OP9 phylum (Atribacterota).

    • Muriel C. F. van Teeseling
    •  & Christian Jogler
  • Editorial
    | Open Access

    The publication of a paper on mentorship, now retracted, led us to reflect on our editorial processes and strengthened our determination in supporting diversity, equity and inclusion in research.

  • Q&A
    | Open Access

    Dr Nicolas Mano is a Senior Researcher at Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal, France. His research interests include (bio)electrochemistry, biosensors, biofuel cells, enzymes engineering, and the use of carbonaceous materials for electrodes. His aim is to develop approaches where biochemical fuels can be converted into electricity and applied into bioelectrochemical applications. In this conversation, he is discussing the advancements in the field of biofuel cells in the past ten years and look ahead at future developments.

  • Comment
    | Open Access

    It would be unwise to assume ‘conventional’ lithium-ion batteries are approaching the end of their era and so we discuss current strategies to improve the current and next generation systems, where a holistic approach will be needed to unlock higher energy density while also maintaining lifetime and safety. We end by briefly reviewing areas where fundamental science advances will be needed to enable revolutionary new battery systems.

    • Clare P. Grey
    •  & David S. Hall
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Arctic research faces unprecedented disruptions due to COVID-19. This ‘pause’ gives an opportunity to reflect on the current state and the future of Arctic science and move towards a more resilient, thus equitable, coordinated, safe and locally-embedded Arctic research enterprise. Arctic science has been greatly affected by COVID-19. This comment looks forward to how Arctic science could be conducted in the future.

    • Andrey N. Petrov
    • , Larry D. Hinzman
    • , Lars Kullerud
    • , Tatiana S. Degai
    • , Liisa Holmberg
    • , Allen Pope
    •  & Alona Yefimenko

Focus

From Brain to Behaviour

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From Brain to Behaviour

Editors' Highlights: Each month our editors select a small number of Articles recently published in Nature Communications that they believe are particularly interesting or important.

Fiona Carr, Jamie Horder, Sachin Ranade and Jerome Staal

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