A lattice of protein tetramers

A self-assembling 2D lattice protects replication of a bacterial virus

Some bacterial viruses enclose their replicating DNA in a protein-based ‘phage nucleus’. Nieweglowska et al. show that the structure is a lattice of tetramers linked by flexible loops and tails.


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Latest Research articles

Subjects within Physical sciences

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • The trade-off between grain number and grain weight is a major obstacle for increasing rice yield. Here, the authors show that variation in 5’ UTR of OsMADS17 can simultaneously increase grain number and grain weight through decreasing mRNA translation efficiency.

    • Yuanjie Li
    • Sheng Wu
    • Chuanqing Sun
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Deoxycytidine kinase is the rate-limiting enzyme of the salvage pathway and it has recently emerged as a target for antiproliferative therapies for cancers where it is essential. Here, the authors develop a potent inhibitor applying an iterative multidisciplinary approach, which relies on computational design coupled with experimental evaluations.

    • Magali Saez-Ayala
    • Laurent Hoffer
    • Xavier Morelli
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses of clade underwent an explosive geographic expansion in 2021 among wild birds and domestic poultry. Here, Kandeil et al. show that the Western movement of this clade was followed by reassortment with viruses circulating in wild birds in North America which resulted in different genotypes exhibiting a wide range of disease severity in mammal models (mice, ferrets, chicken) ranging from asymptomatic disease to severe neurological pathology.

    • Ahmed Kandeil
    • Christopher Patton
    • Richard J. Webby
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Estrogen controls female fertility in part via restraining or promoting kisspeptin (Kiss1)-neuron activity in the arcuate hypothalamic nucleus and the AVPV hypothalamic nucleus, respectively. Here the authors report that estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) interacts with the genome and the nuclear receptor co-repressor NR0B1 (DAX1) to manifest region-specific actions on Kiss1 expression.

    • Jose M. Ramos-Pittol
    • Isabel Fernandes-Freitas
    • Bryn M. Owen
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • Identifying topological defects in disordered materials has a profound effect on predicting when and where the material will break. Matteo Baggioli comments a recent publication in Nature Communications, which confirms the existence of defects in glasses and their crucial role for plasticity.

    • Matteo Baggioli
    CommentOpen Access
  • Early detection of immunotherapy-induced tumor response is of major benefit for patients but can be complicated by therapy-induced pseudoprogression. A consensus guideline-iRECIST- was developed as a modification of Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST version 1.1). Here we describe which next steps are required to test its validity and how novel approaches for response criteria might be developed and included.

    • Elena Garralda
    • Scott A. Laurie
    • Elisabeth G. E. de Vries
    CommentOpen Access
  • Issues with data reuse have been recognized in synthetic biology and the broader scientific community. Policies and standards fall short as machine reasoning is not emphasised and enforcement is lacking. We discuss the progress, remaining challenges, and possible solutions.

    • Jeanet Mante
    • Chris J. Myers
    CommentOpen Access
  • Progress to reduce plastic pollution has been painfully slow and the consequent damage to the natural environment and to human health is likely to increase further. This has been because the views and ways of working of four distinct stakeholder communities are not sufficiently well integrated. (1) Scientists, (2) industry, (3) society at large and (4) those making policy and legislation must in future find ways to work together.

    • Richard S. Lampitt
    • Stephen Fletcher
    • Adrian Whyle
    CommentOpen Access

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