Tropical cyclone exposure is associated with increased hospitalization rates in older adults

Robbie Parks et al. use Medicare data to show that tropical cyclone exposure in the United States is associated with increased hospitalization rates for older adults from many different acute causes.

Announcements

  • sugar crystal through a microscope

    Our editors highlight articles they see as particularly interesting or important in these new pages spanning all research areas.

  • Love science but feel a career at the bench isn’t for you? Become part of our team in London, New York, Shanghai or Berlin.

  • Nature Communications is part of the Guided Open Access pilot at the Nature Portfolio. Learn more about how are editors can help you find the best home for your research.

  • Lines of traffic in a smokey environment

    Air pollution is a cause of disease for millions around the world and now more than ever urgent action is required to tackle the burden of its impacts. In this collection we bring together commentary and research from the climate, health, policy and applied sciences to highlight the latest research on air pollution and its impacts.

Advertisement

Latest Research articles

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • How far back in time plate tectonics operated on Earth is debated because of a paucity of geological evidence for horizontal plate motions. Here the authors show that plates moved laterally by >3500 kilometres 2.7–2.5 billion years ago, demonstrating plate tectonics in the Archean Eon, when life developed on Earth.

    • Yating Zhong
    • Timothy Kusky
    • Hao Deng
    Article Open Access
  • Solar and wind resources are dependent on geophysical constraints. Here the authors find that solar and wind power resources can satisfy countries’ electricity demand of between 72–91% of hours, but hundreds of hours of unmet demand may occur annually.

    • Dan Tong
    • David J. Farnham
    • Steven J. Davis
    Article Open Access
  • Current carbon accounting and reporting practices remain unsystematic and incomparable, particularly for emissions along the value chain (scope 3). Here the authors present a framework to harmonize scope 3 emissions by accounting for reporting inconsistency, boundary incompleteness, and activity exclusion.

    • Lena Klaaßen
    • Christian Stoll
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • The proportion of a population that has previously been infected by a pathogen is typically estimated using antibody thresholds adjusted for sensitivity and specificity. Here, the authors present a model-based alternative to threshold methods which accounts for antibody waning and other sources of spectrum bias.

    • C. Bottomley
    • M. Otiende
    • J. A. G. Scott
    Article Open Access
  • The pathogen Staphylococcus aureus releases several pore-forming toxins, termed leukocidins, that kill immune cells. Here, Zheng et al. show that the retention of a leukocidin on bacterial cells and its release are modulated by lipoteichoic acid and a membrane lipid, which also control the sorting of other surface-associated proteins.

    • Xuhui Zheng
    • Gerben Marsman
    • Victor J. Torres
    Article Open Access
  • To date there is only one single drug with modest efficacy and no vaccine available to protect from schistosomiasis. Here, Amaral et al. characterize the self-cure process of rhesus macaques following primary infection and secondary challenge with Schistosoma mansoni to inform future vaccine development studies.

    • Murilo Sena Amaral
    • Daisy Woellner Santos
    • Sergio Verjovski-Almeida
    Article Open Access
  • Anthropogenic change, such as urban heat islands, present challenges to biodiversity that can be overcome through phenotypic plasticity. Unlike their ancestral counterparts, urban lizards have fewer maladaptive gene expression responses to higher temperatures in a common garden experiment, suggesting the evolution of adaptive plasticity.

    • Shane C. Campbell-Staton
    • Jonathan P. Velotta
    • Kristin M. Winchell
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Biological sciences

  • Pulmonary hypertension is characterized by increased pulmonary arterial pressure, driven in part by inflammatory infiltrates. Here, the authors show that in mice, transgenic expression of mutant JAK2 leads to clonal hematopoiesis and lung accumulation of elastase- and cytokine-expressing neutrophils, and that the phenotype can be reversed by ALK1 inhibition.

    • Yusuke Kimishima
    • Tomofumi Misaka
    • Yasuchika Takeishi
    Article Open Access
  • The proportion of a population that has previously been infected by a pathogen is typically estimated using antibody thresholds adjusted for sensitivity and specificity. Here, the authors present a model-based alternative to threshold methods which accounts for antibody waning and other sources of spectrum bias.

    • C. Bottomley
    • M. Otiende
    • J. A. G. Scott
    Article Open Access
  • Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stroma cells (MSCs) in myeloid neoplasia have been hypothesized to carry somatic mutations and contribute to pathogenesis. Here the authors analyse ex-vivo cultures and primary MSCs derived from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, finding functional alterations but no evidence of clonal mutations.

    • Johann-Christoph Jann
    • Maximilian Mossner
    • Daniel Nowak
    Article Open Access
  • Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a genetic disorder which is associated with kidney and liver pathology, including liver fibrosis. Here the authors develop and characterize human liver organoids with a ARPKD mutation, and find that they show aspects of the pathology, including fibrosis.

    • Yuan Guan
    • Annika Enejder
    • Gary Peltz
    Article Open Access
  • miR-126 is highly expressed in inv(16) Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) but its role is unclear. Here, the authors show that the aberrant expression of miR-126 in inv(16) AML is directly due to the CBFB-MYH11 fusion gene and that it can promote AML development and leukemia stem cell maintenance, highlighting miR-126 as a therapeutic target for inv(16) AML patients

    • Lianjun Zhang
    • Le Xuan Truong Nguyen
    • Ya-Huei Kuo
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Health sciences

  • Intergenerational preconditions and historical conferment of opportunity play a role in social mobility. This study considers the geography of relative deprivation to show how different family groups across Great Britain experience different intergenerational outcomes.

    • Paul A. Longley
    • Justin van Dijk
    • Tian Lan
    Article Open Access
  • Current carbon accounting and reporting practices remain unsystematic and incomparable, particularly for emissions along the value chain (scope 3). Here the authors present a framework to harmonize scope 3 emissions by accounting for reporting inconsistency, boundary incompleteness, and activity exclusion.

    • Lena Klaaßen
    • Christian Stoll
    Article Open Access
  • Despite global initiatives to reach net-zero CO2 emissions, the tradeoffs of energy systems to reach that goal remain understudied. Here the authors analyze all net-zero scenarios used for the 2018 IPCC report and quantify the role of renewable energy, fuels, and emissions in attaining a zero CO2 world.

    • Julianne DeAngelo
    • Inês Azevedo
    • Steven J. Davis
    Article Open Access
  • Spectral screening can be used to monitor plant health. Here via airborne hyperspectral imaging of tree species, the authors show that spectral pathways associated with vascular pathogens can be distinguished from those linked to abiotic stress providing the potential for early detection of threatening diseases.

    • P. J. Zarco-Tejada
    • T. Poblete
    • J. A. Navas-Cortes
    Article Open Access
  • Much effort is invested in calibrating model parameters for accurate outputs, but established methods can be inefficient and generic. By learning from big dataset, a new differentiable framework for model parameterization outperforms state-of-the-art methods, produce more physically-coherent results, using a fraction of the training data, computational power, and time. The method promotes a deep integration of machine learning with process-based geoscientific models.

    • Wen-Ping Tsai
    • Dapeng Feng
    • Chaopeng Shen
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • The pandemic has caused disruption to many aspects of scientific research. In this Comment the authors describe the findings from surveys of scientists between April 2020 and January 2021, which suggests there was a decline in new projects started in that time.

    • Jian Gao
    • Yian Yin
    • Dashun Wang
    Comment Open Access
  • The logistical and practical challenges of supplying food for long-term space missions are substantial. In this comment, the authors discuss potential biotechnological approaches that could be used to aid the production of food crops in space.

    • Yongming Liu
    • Gengxin Xie
    • Maozhi Ren
    Comment Open Access
  • Single atom catalysts hold the potential to significantly impact the chemical and energy industrial sectors. This editorial introduces the state of the field along with a collection of Articles and Comments that encapsulate the ongoing efforts of the research community in this field.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is a cause of disease for millions around the world and now more than ever urgent action is required to tackle the burden of its impacts. Doing so will not only improve both life expectancy and quality of life, but will also lead to a more just and sustainable world.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Dr Audrey de Nazelle, an expert in air pollution risk assessment and exposure science at Imperial College London, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Air pollution and the associated health impacts affect millions of people around the world. In this Q&A, Professor Haikun Wang, an expert on the health risks of air pollution and climate change at Nanjing University, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
From molecules and cells to organisms

From molecules and cells to organisms

This page highlights recent articles advancing our knowledge in molecular, cell and developmental biology, including disciplines as diverse as cell division, mechanobiology, membrane trafficking and contact sites, tissue morphogenesis, aging, circadian rhythms and more.
Focus

Nature Careers

Events

Jobs