3D printing has enabled materials and functional properties to be combined in unique ways. Bhavana Deore et al. demonstrate how the spatial distribution of different material phases can be modulated.
Subduction is the primary driver of plate tectonics, yet we still do not fully understand how subduction zones initiate or the budgets of life-supporting elements recycled via subduction. At Nature Communications, we advocate for more transdisciplinary initiatives and collaborative projects, which are essential if we are to continue to bring new dynamics to subduction research.
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Latest Research articles
Isolating purified electrosynthesis product is a major challenge in electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction. Here, the authors report a nanotwinned silver electrocatalyst and a pneumatic-trough cell system to produce a 52% concentrated CO, which is further utilized as a carbon feedstock for graphene production.
The generation of α-carbon radicals from alkoxyl radicals is challenging because 1,2-hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) is usually less favoured than 1,5-HAT. Here, the authors report a strategy to inhibit 1,5-HAT by introducing a silyl group into the α-position of alkoxyl radicals, enabling preparation of α-alkoxylimino alcohols and α-heteroaryl alcohols.
Nitroformate is an attractive oxidant compound in propellants and explosives but its poor thermostability prevents it from application. Here, the authors demonstrate that incorporation of nitroformate in a hydrogen-bonded organic framework increases the thermostability of nitroformate.
The implementation of spiking neural network in future neuromorphic hardware requires hardware encoder analogous to the sensory neurons. The authors show a biomimetic dual-gated MoS2 field effect transistor capable of encoding analog signals into stochastic spike trains at energy cost of 1–5 pJ/spike.
Li-ion battery electrodes contain inactive materials, such as conducting agents and polymeric binders, which limit the energy density. Here, the authors demonstrate highly dense Ni-rich cathodes with improved volumetric capacities by coating graphene and minimizing the inactive components.
- Astronomy and planetary science
- Energy science and technology
- Materials science
- Mathematics and computing
- Nanoscience and technology
- Optics and photonics
Ocean surface energy balance allows a constraint on the sensitivity of precipitation to global warming
There is some disagreement between climate models about how much precipitation changes under global warming. Here, the authors use the ocean surface energy balance to constrain the sensitivity of precipitation to historical warming and find that it is increasing by 0.68 ± 0.51% per degree warming.
This study introduces an empirical modeling approach allowing to separate climate and socio-economic drivers of damages by fluvial floods. It shows that climate signals are clearly detectable in Asia and Latin America.
The Permian–Triassic mass extinction was accompanied by a massive release of carbon into the ocean-atmosphere system, but the magnitude of change is not well known. Here, the authors present a new record of C3 plants from southwestern China which shows that atmospheric pCO2 increased by a factor of six during this event.
Here, the authors investigate the aboveground carbon sink efficiency of Andean forests. The study shows the high potential of these forests to serve as future carbon refuges, and urges to reduce deforestation and increase restoration.
- Climate sciences
- Environmental sciences
- Environmental social sciences
- Natural hazards
- Ocean sciences
- Planetary science
- Solid Earth sciences
- Space physics
Discovery of fungal oligosaccharide-oxidising flavo-enzymes with previously unknown substrates, redox-activity profiles and interplay with LPMOs
Microbial oxidoreductases are key in biomass breakdown. Here, the authors expand the specificity and redox scope within fungal auxiliary activity 7 family (AA7) enzymes and show that AA7 oligosaccharide dehydrogenases can directly fuel cellulose degradation by lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases.
A prevalent and culturable microbiota links ecological balance to clinical stability of the human lung after transplantation
Here, the authors combine 16 S rRNA sequencing, culture and bioinformatics to profile the microbiome in 234 serial bronchoalveolar lavage samples from 64 lung transplant recipients collected over 49-months and identify distinct compositional states, termed pneumotypes, linked to current health status, and establish a collection of primary lung bacterial isolates, LuMiCol.
Coding and non-coding roles of MOCCI (C15ORF48) coordinate to regulate host inflammation and immunity
Mito-SEPs are small peptides that can modulate oxidative metabolism in mitochondria. Here the authors show that C15ORF48 encodes a mito-SEP, MOCCI, capable of altering mitochondria respiration to suppress inflammation, while C15ORF48 3’ untranslated region also contains a miRNA, miR-147b, that synergizes with MOCCI to modulate host anti-viral responses.
- Biological techniques
- Cell biology
- Chemical biology
- Computational biology and bioinformatics
- Developmental biology
- Drug discovery
- Molecular biology
- Plant sciences
- Stem cells
- Structural biology
- Systems biology
Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals the mesangial identity and species diversity of glomerular cell transcriptomes
The molecular identity of renal glomerular cells is poorly characterized and rodent glomerulopathy models translate poorly to humans. Here, the authors show molecular signatures of glomerulus-associated cells using single cell RNA sequencing and highlight differences between mouse and human cells.
The mechanism by which parathyroid hormone mediates the switch from bone resorption to bone formation is unclear. Here, the authors show that SLPI regulates the communication between osteoblasts and osteoclasts to promote the anabolic effect of parathyroid hormone.
Seroprevalence and correlates of SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies from a population-based study in Bonn, Germany
Population-based studies of SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence are needed to understand levels of immunity and antibody dynamics. Here, the authors show that the seroprevalence in Bonn, Germany was low (<1%) following the first epidemic wave, and that neutralising antibodies waned within a few months.
IL-33 expression in response to SARS-CoV-2 correlates with seropositivity in COVID-19 convalescent individuals
Our understanding of the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infection is still incomplete. Here, the authors find that IL-33, produced during immune recall potentially by CD14+ monocytes, correlates with CD4+ T cell activation, anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody titer, and disease severity in a cohort of convalescent individuals professionally exposed to the virus.
High myopia is associated with lens changes, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, the authors show increased equatorial diameter of the lens in subjects affected by high myopia, and find that these changes are associated with an increase in crystallin expression driven by the transcription factor MAF and TGF-β1 signaling.
- Health care
- Health occupations
- Medical research
- Molecular medicine
- Risk factors
- Signs and symptoms
Adverse climatic conditions are commonly reported to shape asylum migration, but their effect relative to other drivers is unknown. Here the authors compare climatic, economic, and political factors as predictors of future asylum flows to the EU and find that war and repression are the most important factors.
Efficiency stagnation in global steel production urges joint supply- and demand-side mitigation efforts
The effectiveness of large historical efforts for decarbonizing steel production is unclear. Here, the authors show that such efficiency gains were offset by a booming steel demand increase. This has led to a stagnating decarbonization progress over past decades, which jeopardizes realization of future climate targets.
The value assessment of job skills is critical for companies to select and retain the right talent and for individuals to develop them. Here the authors show that a data-driven method based on an enhanced neural network can assign meaningful value to job skills in a quantitative way and outperforms benchmark models for job salary prediction.
Recent technological, social, and educational changes are profoundly impacting our work, but what makes labour markets resilient to those labour shocks? Here, the authors show that labour markets resemble ecological systems whose resilience depends critically on the network of skill similarities between different jobs.
Equitable partnerships among the international volcano science community are important now more than ever, to cope with financial disparities and ultimately allow for worldwide volcano monitoring oriented to hazard mitigation.
A conversation on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on junior researchers’ careers with funders and university leaders
The various restrictions applied across the globe to contain the COVID-19 pandemic have been impacting the way we knew how to work. Dr. Matthews (a scientific program manager at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke—NINDS), Dr. David del Álamo Rodriguez (head of the European Molecular Biology Organization—EMBO—fellowship program), and Dr. Gray (Associate Dean for the Sciences at the Advanced Science Research Center of the City University of New York) shared with Nature Communications their thoughts on how funders and university leadership can support early career researchers and young faculty through the COVID-19 pandemic.
The various restrictions applied across the globe to contain the COVID-19 pandemic have been impacting the way we knew how to work. Ms. Wilson (a PhD student in Earth System Science at Stanford University), Dr. Xin (a glia biologist and postdoctoral fellow at University of California San Francisco), and Dr. Saidaminov (a researcher in advanced functional materials and Assistant Professor at the University of Victoria) shared with Nature Communications their thoughts on how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting their professional development and career progression and their coping strategies.
Replication inside macrophages is crucial for systemic dissemination of Salmonella in hosts. In a Nature Communications article, Jiang et al. show that Salmonella stimulates glycolysis and represses serine synthesis in macrophages, leading to accumulation of host glycolytic intermediates that the bacteria use as carbon source and as cues for its replication.
Liver cancer typically arises after years of inflammatory insults to hepatocytes. These cells can change their ploidy state during health and disease. Whilst polyploidy may offer some protection, new research shows it may also promote the formation of liver tumours.
Delineation of the genomic complexities of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has lagged behind other malignancies. Zhang et al. meaningfully add to our understanding of MPM, and their findings emphasize the need to combine drug development efforts with appropriate predictive biomarkers.