a bat flying in a cave

Diversity in bat communities predicts coronavirus prevalence

Magdalena Meyer, Dominik Melville and colleagues study coronavirus infections in bats, and find that coronavirus prevalence is higher in less diverse bat communities.

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Latest Research articles

  • The authors demonstrate a cavity enhancement of single artificial atoms at telecommunication wavelengths in silicon by coupling them to highly optimized photonic crystal cavities, showing intensity enhancement and highly pure single-photon emission.

    • Valeria Saggio
    • Carlos Errando-Herranz
    • Dirk Englund
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Lasers drive modern research and technology. The modes of laser resonators are crucial for understanding complex cavities, beam propagation, and structured light. Here, the authors experimentally observe a new family of fundamental laser modes with inherent parabolic symmetry: the Boyer-Wolf Gaussian modes.

    • Konrad Tschernig
    • David Guacaneme
    • Miguel A. Bandres
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Integrating cellulose textiles with functional coating materials can unlock their potential functionalities to engage diverse applications. Here, authors report a generic strategy to achieve highly stable, large-scale, and multifunctional MOFs-textiles via diazonium chemistry.

    • Wulong Li
    • Zhen Yu
    • Lei Wei
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Enantiopure zeolites are sought for enantioselective catalytic and separation processes. Here, the authors use chiral organic structure directing agents derived from sugars, guiding the crystallization process toward enantiomorphically pure S-STW zeolites.

    • Andrés Sala
    • José L. Jordá
    • Susana Valencia
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • The occurrence of aerobic methane-oxidizing bacteria in anoxic environments is puzzling, as oxygen is thought to be required for methane oxidation. Here, Schorn et al. show that the methane assimilation activity of these bacteria is similar under hypoxic and anoxic conditions in a stratified lake, and the bacteria use fermentation-based methanotrophy as well as denitrification under anoxic conditions.

    • Sina Schorn
    • Jon S. Graf
    • Jana Milucka
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Garlock and colleagues analyze 57 aquaculture systems worldwide on 88 metrics that measure social, economic, or environmental outcomes. They find significant variation in the degree of sustainability in different aquaculture systems, and weak performance of some production systems in some dimensions provides opportunity for innovative policy measures and investment to further align sustainability objectives.

    • Taryn M. Garlock
    • Frank Asche
    • Ragnar Tveteras
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Conodonts, early vertebrates, are thought to have evolved complex tooth tissue as an adaptation for feeding. Here, the authors use Electron Backscatter Diffraction to show increasing dental crystallographic order through conodont evolution, in parallel with dietary adaptations.

    • Bryan Shirley
    • Isabella Leonhard
    • Emilia Jarochowska
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Crowdsourced personal weather data are sought to cope with weather data scarcity. But, in England and Wales, more deprived areas are less covered. This limits the potential for climate adaptation of communities living in these environments.

    • Oscar Brousse
    • Charles H. Simpson
    • Clare Heaviside
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Schistosomiasis is an emerging urban and peri-urban disease in Brazil and freshwater snails are an obligate host of the causative parasite. Here, the authors investigate the ecological suitability for the three freshwater snail hosts in Brazil and identify changes over time driven by climate and urbanisation.

    • Caroline K. Glidden
    • Alyson L. Singleton
    • Giulio A. De Leo
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

  • Crowdsourced personal weather data are sought to cope with weather data scarcity. But, in England and Wales, more deprived areas are less covered. This limits the potential for climate adaptation of communities living in these environments.

    • Oscar Brousse
    • Charles H. Simpson
    • Clare Heaviside
    ArticleOpen Access
  • This study introduces a method to quantify trade in digital products, like cloud computing and mobile games. It finds that this trade grows rapidly, may impact trade balances, support economic decoupling, and enhance economic complexity measures.

    • Viktor Stojkoski
    • Philipp Koch
    • César A. Hidalgo
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Through a matched case-control analysis this study reveals accident risk disparities between autonomous and human-driven vehicles. It suggests that accidents of vehicles equipped with Advanced Driving Systems generally have lower occurrence chance than human-driven ones in most scenarios.

    • Mohamed Abdel-Aty
    • Shengxuan Ding
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Discovering innovative ideas from numerous candidates is hard. Here, the authors show that simple autonomous agents (AI bots) can facilitate creative semantic discovery in human groups by leveraging the wisdom of crowds, essentially reducing noise.

    • Atsushi Ueshima
    • Matthew I. Jones
    • Nicholas A. Christakis
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • DNA catalysts, known as DNAzymes, have arguably been limited for decades by the lack of mechanistic information. The solution structure of the 8–17 DNAzyme reported by Wieruszekska, Pwlowicz et al. reassesses the current thinking regarding the relationship between structure, dynamic, and metal ion coordination.

    • Jessica Felice Schmuck
    • Jan Borggräfe
    • Manuel Etzkorn
    CommentOpen Access
  • Surface observations suggest that carbon may exist in Mercury’s interior. Under planetary mantle pressures and temperatures, carbon may be present as a stable diamond layer which may have important implications for the physical and chemical properties of Mercury.

    • Megan D. Mouser
    CommentOpen Access
  • Global climate policy has increasingly acknowledged the specific contributions of Indigenous Peoples. The outcome of COP 28, however, demonstrates that this acknowledgement has not shifted the conceptual foundations of dominant climate solutions, nor has it created space for Indigenous Peoples to effectively contribute. Drawing on our expertise as Indigenous scholars and practitioners, we offer four recommendations to shift climate policy and research away from these foundations towards reciprocal relationships with the natural world – strengthening it for future generations.

    • Graeme Reed
    • Angele Alook
    • Deborah McGregor
    CommentOpen Access
  • The curse of rarity—the rarity of safety-critical events in high-dimensional variable spaces—presents significant challenges in ensuring the safety of autonomous vehicles using deep learning. Looking at it from distinct perspectives, the authors identify three potential approaches for addressing the issue.

    • Henry X. Liu
    • Shuo Feng
    CommentOpen Access
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