The rapid evolution of durophagy in lungfish

Xindong Cui et al. describe exceptionally preserved fossils of lungfish (air-breathing fish) from the Early Devonian that show early adaptations to durophagy, or the consumption of hard-shelled prey.


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Latest Research articles

  • Oxidative carbene organocatalysis has been developed as a versatile synthetic method, but has been paired with electroredox chemistry in only limited examples. Herein, enantioenriched heterocycles are synthesized from racemic substrates via an iodide-promoted NHC organocatalysis system that is powered by electroredox chemistry.

    • Peng Zhou
    • Wenchang Li
    • Tingshun Zhu
    Article Open Access
  • Covalent organic frameworks (COF) hold great promise in filtration and separation but combining facile processing, high crystallinity and high separation performance remains challenging. Here, the authors demonstrate that heterocrystalline COF membranes in which high-crystalline regions are tightly linked by low-crystalline regions can improve molecular sieving properties at high solvent flux.

    • Jinqiu Yuan
    • Xinda You
    • Zhongyi Jiang
    Article Open Access
  • Recently, material realizations of the spin 3/2 Kitaev honeycomb model have been proposed, but the model has not been solved by either analytical or numerical methods. Here the authors report exact results for the spin 3/2 model consistent with numerical simulations, and find gapped and gapless quantum spin liquids.

    • Hui-Ke Jin
    • W. M. H. Natori
    • J. Knolle
    Article Open Access
  • Most porous systems comprise structures characterized by dead-end and transmitting pores. Here, authors show that macroscopic transport through such porous medium is controlled by structure-induced laminar vortices inside each dead-end pore, and such cannot be explained by diffusion alone.

    • Ankur Deep Bordoloi
    • David Scheidweiler
    • Pietro de Anna
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • The relationship between new greenspaces and gentrification is an important one for urbanization. Here the authors show a positive relationship for at least one decade between greening in the 1990s–2000s and gentrification that occurred between 2000–2016 in 17 of 28 studied cities in North America and Europe.

    • Isabelle Anguelovski
    • James J. T. Connolly
    • Joaquin Martinez Minaya
    Article Open Access
  • Most porous systems comprise structures characterized by dead-end and transmitting pores. Here, authors show that macroscopic transport through such porous medium is controlled by structure-induced laminar vortices inside each dead-end pore, and such cannot be explained by diffusion alone.

    • Ankur Deep Bordoloi
    • David Scheidweiler
    • Pietro de Anna
    Article Open Access
  • Mineral-organic associations play a key role in soil carbon preservation. Here, Georgiou et al. produce global estimates of mineral-associated soil carbon, providing insight into the world’s soils and their capacity to store carbon

    • Katerina Georgiou
    • Robert B. Jackson
    • Margaret S. Torn
    Article Open Access
  • The authors present novel observations providing insights into the formation of extraordinary gold-rich veins. We discovered metal nanoparticles associated with amorphous silica and carbon indicating their essential contribution to efficient gold deposition.

    • Laura Petrella
    • Nicolas Thébaud
    • Sarah Gain
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

Subjects within Biological sciences

  • Tryptophan metabolism, leading to the accumulation of kynurenine (Kyn) in the tumor microenvironment, restricts anti-tumor immunity. Here the authors report the design of a hydrogel loaded with doxorubicin and Kyn-degrading kynureninase to relieve immunosuppression, showing anti-tumor responses in preclinical models.

    • Bo Wang
    • Jing Chen
    • Minglin Ma
    Article Open Access
  • Cholesterol efflux is mediated by specific transporters in T cells. Here the authors show that when the ABCA1/ABCG1 cholesterol transporters are absent, peripheral T cell numbers are reduced but activation increased with a premature aging phenotype of T cell senescence and apoptosis in middle aged Ldlr−/− mice.

    • Venetia Bazioti
    • Anouk M. La Rose
    • Marit Westerterp
    Article Open Access
  • Nanomaterials have a range of potential applications, however, toxicity remains a concern, limiting application and requiring extensive testing. Here, the authors report on a predictive framework made using a range of tests linking materials properties with toxicity, allowing the prediction of toxicity from physiochemical and biological properties.

    • Vittorio Fortino
    • Pia Anneli Sofia Kinaret
    • Dario Greco
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Health sciences

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • Flooding is a pervasive natural hazard, with new research demonstrating that more than one in five people around the world live in areas directly exposed to 1-in-100 year flood risk. Exposure to such flood risk is particularly concentrated amongst lower income households worldwide.

    • Thomas K. J. McDermott
    Comment Open Access
  • Our peer review programme was launched in 2020 to support Early Career Researchers in building confidence to participate in peer review. The initiative has proved very successful and popular with both ECRs and editors and we are pleased to invite applicants to apply to our 2022 programme.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Habitability of exoplanet’s deepest oceans could be limited by the presence of high-pressure ices at their base. New work demonstrates that efficient chemical transport within deep planetary ice mantles is possible through significant salt incorporation within the high-pressure ice.

    • Baptiste Journaux
    Comment Open Access
  • Diagonal integration of multimodal single-cell data emerges as a trending topic. However, empowering diagonal methods for novel biological discoveries requires bridging huge gaps. Here, we comment on potential risks and future directions of diagonal integration for multimodal single-cell data.

    • Yang Xu
    • Rachel Patton McCord
    Comment Open Access
  • A Global Forum on Synthetic Biology is needed to engage policymakers with practitioners across borders at the highest level. The international community needs a global confidence-building measure focused on discussing policy futures for the age of engineering biology.

    • Thomas A. Dixon
    • Paul S. Freemont
    • Isak S. Pretorius
    Comment Open Access
  • Writing in Nature communications, Seo and collaborators presented PICASSO as a method to achieve 15-color imaging of spatially overlapping proteins using no reference emission spectra in a single staining and imaging round. This accessible tool has the potential to be applied to diverse applications within the spatial biology field without neglecting accuracy.

    • Archibald Enninful
    • Alev Baysoy
    • Rong Fan
    Comment Open Access

Translational and clinical research

This page highlights the most compelling studies recently published in Nature Communications with a significant translational potential and immediate impact in the medical field. In particular, we primarily cover studies concerning metabolism, cardiovascular research, organ and tissue biology, and ageing.


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