a bat flying in a cave

Diversity in bat communities predicts coronavirus prevalence

Magdalena Meyer, Dominik Melville and colleagues study coronavirus infections in bats, and find that coronavirus prevalence is higher in less diverse bat communities.


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Latest Research articles

  • Magnetic excitations in infinite-layer cuprates have been intensively studied. Here the authors use resonant inelastic x-ray scattering and theoretical calculations to study magnons in thin films of SrCuO2, finding distinct magnon dispersion attributed to renormalization due to quantum fluctuations.

    • Qisi Wang
    • S. Mustafi
    • J. Chang
    ArticleOpen Access
  • A correlated material SrVO3 has been considered to be a Fermi liquid, however previous studies have been limited to disordered samples. Here the authors study transport in ultraclean films of SrVO3, finding deviations from the Fermi liquid picture.

    • Matthew Brahlek
    • Joseph D. Roth
    • Roman Engel-Herbert
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Combining experiments, numerical non-linear simulations, and analytical tools, the authors here unravel the operation of organic artificial neurons in liquid environment, crucial components in neuromorphic bioelectronics, neuronal networks, and neuromorphic electronics.

    • Pietro Belleri
    • Judith Pons i Tarrés
    • Fabrizio Torricelli
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Evolutionary multiplayer games in structured populations illustrate a variety of phenomena in natural and social systems. This research provides a mathematical framework to analyze multiplayer games with an arbitrary number of strategies on regular graphs.

    • Chaoqian Wang
    • Matjaž Perc
    • Attila Szolnoki
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • Textures and dissolved water contents reveal that lavas may be formed from volcanic ash particles that stick back together while hot, and not by the eruption of magma that rose through the Earth’s crust in a coherent viscous state.

    • Annabelle Foster
    • Fabian B. Wadsworth
    • Madeleine C. S. Humphreys
    ArticleOpen Access
  • The challenging prospect of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals faces various disruptors in China. Li et al. quantify the disruptors’ effects and explore integrated policy portfolios for safeguarding China’s long-term sustainability

    • Ke Li
    • Lei Gao
    • Brett A. Bryan
    ArticleOpen Access
  • To assess drivers underpinning biogeographic patterns of leaf nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry, this study used a global dataset of leaf nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations of 3,625 species from 7,549 sites. They found strong within-species variation related to environmental gradients, challenging the idea of a fixed biogeochemical niche.

    • Di Tian
    • Zhengbing Yan
    • Benjamin D. Stocker
    ArticleOpen Access
  • There is growing recognition of the need for a One Health approach for coordinated management of disease threats affecting humans, animals, and the environment. In this Perspective, the authors discuss a roadmap for a One Health disease surveillance system focusing on the example of wastewater surveillance.

    • Richard Hill
    • Grant G. Stentiford
    • David Bass
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Separating soil organic carbon into mineral-associated and particulate organic carbon enables a more accurate prediction of soil vulnerability to climate change. The authors generate the global atlas of stocks and turnover times of these two fractions.

    • Zhenghu Zhou
    • Chengjie Ren
    • Gehong Wei
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • Habitat-forming marine macrophytes (brown macroalgae and seagrasses) provide important ecological and socio-economic services but are threatened by climate change. In this study, models of their future distribution under different climate change projections forecast a substantial redistribution of these groups globally, with loss of diversity and habitat.

    • Federica Manca
    • Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi
    • Giovanni Strona
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Immune surveillance is critical to prevent the development and progression of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). Here, the authors show that epithelial-mesenchymal plasticity in cancer cells is associated with changes in their immune checkpoint ligand profile during mouse cSCC progression, which dictates differential responses to immune checkpoint blockade.

    • Laura Lorenzo-Sanz
    • Marta Lopez-Cerda
    • Purificación Muñoz
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Artificial intelligence holds great promise to improve diagnosis of numerous immune-related or infectious diseases. Here, the authors show that machine learning can be used to identify HIV-1 specific broad neutralising antibody.

    • Mathilde Foglierini
    • Pauline Nortier
    • Laurent Perez
    ArticleOpen Access
  • How sleep creates novel inferential information is not fully understood. Here authors show that neuronal co-activations during NREM sleep organize the learned knowledge in a hierarchy, while co-activations during REM sleep compute the inferential information.

    • Kareem Abdou
    • Masanori Nomoto
    • Kaoru Inokuchi
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

  • Evolutionary multiplayer games in structured populations illustrate a variety of phenomena in natural and social systems. This research provides a mathematical framework to analyze multiplayer games with an arbitrary number of strategies on regular graphs.

    • Chaoqian Wang
    • Matjaž Perc
    • Attila Szolnoki
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Yu and colleagues leverage population-level data to construct a large-scale, geographically defined, inter-household social network. Using a multilevel network model, they show that having social ties in close geographic proximity is associated with stable household asset conditions, while geographically distant ties correlate to changes in asset allocation. Notably, they find that localised network interactions are associated with an increase in wealth inequality at the regional level, demonstrating how macro-level inequality may arise from micro-level social processes.

    • Shao-Tzu Yu
    • Peng Wang
    • Brian Houle
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Crowdsourced personal weather data are sought to cope with weather data scarcity. But, in England and Wales, more deprived areas are less covered. This limits the potential for climate adaptation of communities living in these environments.

    • Oscar Brousse
    • Charles H. Simpson
    • Clare Heaviside
    ArticleOpen Access
  • This study introduces a method to quantify trade in digital products, like cloud computing and mobile games. It finds that this trade grows rapidly, may impact trade balances, support economic decoupling, and enhance economic complexity measures.

    • Viktor Stojkoski
    • Philipp Koch
    • César A. Hidalgo
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Through a matched case-control analysis this study reveals accident risk disparities between autonomous and human-driven vehicles. It suggests that accidents of vehicles equipped with Advanced Driving Systems generally have lower occurrence chance than human-driven ones in most scenarios.

    • Mohamed Abdel-Aty
    • Shengxuan Ding
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • DNA catalysts, known as DNAzymes, have arguably been limited for decades by the lack of mechanistic information. The solution structure of the 8–17 DNAzyme reported by Wieruszekska, Pwlowicz et al. reassesses the current thinking regarding the relationship between structure, dynamic, and metal ion coordination.

    • Jessica Felice Schmuck
    • Jan Borggräfe
    • Manuel Etzkorn
    CommentOpen Access
  • Surface observations suggest that carbon may exist in Mercury’s interior. Under planetary mantle pressures and temperatures, carbon may be present as a stable diamond layer which may have important implications for the physical and chemical properties of Mercury.

    • Megan D. Mouser
    CommentOpen Access
  • Global climate policy has increasingly acknowledged the specific contributions of Indigenous Peoples. The outcome of COP 28, however, demonstrates that this acknowledgement has not shifted the conceptual foundations of dominant climate solutions, nor has it created space for Indigenous Peoples to effectively contribute. Drawing on our expertise as Indigenous scholars and practitioners, we offer four recommendations to shift climate policy and research away from these foundations towards reciprocal relationships with the natural world – strengthening it for future generations.

    • Graeme Reed
    • Angele Alook
    • Deborah McGregor
    CommentOpen Access
  • The curse of rarity—the rarity of safety-critical events in high-dimensional variable spaces—presents significant challenges in ensuring the safety of autonomous vehicles using deep learning. Looking at it from distinct perspectives, the authors identify three potential approaches for addressing the issue.

    • Henry X. Liu
    • Shuo Feng
    CommentOpen Access

Plants and agriculture

This page highlights recent publications concerning how plants evolve, develop and interact with their environment and how plant biology shapes ecosystems and agriculture.


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