Tropical cyclone exposure is associated with increased hospitalization rates in older adults

Robbie Parks et al. use Medicare data to show that tropical cyclone exposure in the United States is associated with increased hospitalization rates for older adults from many different acute causes.

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Latest Research articles

  • NEMS devices, nano-electro-mechanical systems, by virtue of their minute size, offer ultra-high sensitivity, though at the expense of manufacturing complexity. Here, Stassi et al succeed in manufacturing high quality factor NEMS devices using high resolution 3D printing.

    • Stefano Stassi
    • Ido Cooperstein
    • Carlo Ricciardi
    Article Open Access
  • Metal borides/borates are promising candidates to become high-performance alkaline oxygen evolution reaction catalysts. This study reports an in-situ phase composition modulation approach to fabricate boride/borate-based catalysts.

    • Ning Wang
    • Aoni Xu
    • Hongyan Liang
    Article Open Access
  • β-Zn4Sb3 has promising thermoelectric performance, but its ionic migration properties make it prone to degradation. Here the authors exploit the ion migration in an electric field-assisted synthesis method, fast producing β-Zn4Sb3 with improved phase stability and extended temperature range for the thermoelectric operation.

    • Dongwang Yang
    • Xianli Su
    • Xinfeng Tang
    Article Open Access
  • The pseudogap phase in cuprate superconductors is predicted to be a pair density wave state (PDW) but experimental evidence has been lacking. Here, the authors detect the temperature evolution of energy gap modulations and scattering interference signature suggesting the Bi2Sr2CaDyCu2O8 pseudogap phase contains a PDW.

    • Shuqiu Wang
    • Peayush Choubey
    • J. C. Séamus Davis
    Article Open Access
  • Resistive switching devices have great promise for a wide variety of technological applications. Here, Yang et al demonstrate that electrochemically induced tellurium filament can give rise to resistive switching, and show that devices based on this can provide a number of advantages compared to metallic filament-based devices.

    • Yifei Yang
    • Mingkun Xu
    • Huanglong Li
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • We combine data from global forest resource assessments with a forest model to quantify the role of major drivers of net carbon fluxes from global forest biomass at national resolution between 1990 and 2020. We find that growth-condition changes, more than reforestation, counteracted forest biomass carbon emissions mostly driven by deforestation.

    • Julia Le Noë
    • Karl-Heinz Erb
    • Simone Gingrich
    Article Open Access
  • Spectral screening can be used to monitor plant health. Here via airborne hyperspectral imaging of tree species, the authors show that spectral pathways associated with vascular pathogens can be distinguished from those linked to abiotic stress providing the potential for early detection of threatening diseases.

    • P. J. Zarco-Tejada
    • T. Poblete
    • J. A. Navas-Cortes
    Article Open Access
  • A deep neural network is developed to automatically extract ground deformation from Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar time series. Applied to data over the North Anatolian Fault, the method can detect 2 mm deformation transients and reveals a slow earthquake twice as extensive as previously recognized.

    • Hong-Yan Li
    • Rui-Peng Zhao
    • Yi-Gang Xu
    Article Open Access
  • Much effort is invested in calibrating model parameters for accurate outputs, but established methods can be inefficient and generic. By learning from big dataset, a new differentiable framework for model parameterization outperforms state-of-the-art methods, produce more physically-coherent results, using a fraction of the training data, computational power, and time. The method promotes a deep integration of machine learning with process-based geoscientific models.

    • Wen-Ping Tsai
    • Dapeng Feng
    • Chaopeng Shen
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • Here the authors identify PHF3 SPOC domain as a reader of the phosphorylated RNA polymerase II (Pol II) C-terminal domain. They show that PHF3 clusters with Pol II complexes in cells, drives phase separation of Pol II in vitro, and regulates neuronal gene expression and neuronal differentiation.

    • Lisa-Marie Appel
    • Vedran Franke
    • Dea Slade
    Article Open Access
  • Isoflavonoids are a class of industrially important plant natural products, but their low abundance and structural complexity limits their availability. Here, the authors engineer Saccharomyces cerevisiae metabolism to become a platform for efficient production of daidzein which is core chemical scaffold for isoflavonoid biosynthesis, and show its application for production of bioactive glucosides from glucose.

    • Quanli Liu
    • Yi Liu
    • Jens Nielsen
    Article Open Access
  • To prevent unregulated complement activation, extracellular chaperones capture soluble precursors to the membrane attack complex (sMAC). Here, structural analysis of sMAC reveals how clusterin recognizes heterogeneous sMAC complexes and inhibits polymerization of complement protein C9.

    • Anaïs Menny
    • Marie V. Lukassen
    • Doryen Bubeck
    Article Open Access
  • The gut microbiota harbours neuroactive potential with links to neurological disorders. Here, the authors apply global metabolomics with an integrated annotation strategy to comparatively profile fecal, blood serum and cerebral cortical brain tissues of eight-week-old germ-free mice vs. age-matched specific-pathogen-free mice, providing a snapshot of the metabolome status linked to the gut-brain axis.

    • Yunjia Lai
    • Chih-Wei Liu
    • Kun Lu
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

  • Spectral screening can be used to monitor plant health. Here via airborne hyperspectral imaging of tree species, the authors show that spectral pathways associated with vascular pathogens can be distinguished from those linked to abiotic stress providing the potential for early detection of threatening diseases.

    • P. J. Zarco-Tejada
    • T. Poblete
    • J. A. Navas-Cortes
    Article Open Access
  • Much effort is invested in calibrating model parameters for accurate outputs, but established methods can be inefficient and generic. By learning from big dataset, a new differentiable framework for model parameterization outperforms state-of-the-art methods, produce more physically-coherent results, using a fraction of the training data, computational power, and time. The method promotes a deep integration of machine learning with process-based geoscientific models.

    • Wen-Ping Tsai
    • Dapeng Feng
    • Chaopeng Shen
    Article Open Access
  • The El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) influences the weather around the world and, therefore, has strong impacts on society. Here, the authors show that ENSO is associated with child nutrition in many countries, with warmer El Niño conditions leading to more child undernutrition in large parts of the developing world.

    • Jesse K. Anttila-Hughes
    • Amir S. Jina
    • Gordon C. McCord
    Article Open Access
  • Publishers’ policies have the capability to increase transparency in scholarly literature. Malički and colleagues carried out a systematic review of over 150 studies that have examined scholarly journals’ recommendations. They find that requirements in terms of authorship, conflict of interests, data sharing, funding disclosure or ethics approval declaration vary greatly over time, among journals and across disciplines.

    • Mario Malički
    • Ana Jerončić
    • Gerben ter Riet
    Article Open Access
  • Though a global assessment of rooftop solar photovoltaic (RTSPV) technology’s potential and the cost is needed to estimate its impact, existing methods demand extensive data processing. Here, the authors report a machine learning method to realize a high-resolution global assessment of RTSPV potential.

    • Siddharth Joshi
    • Shivika Mittal
    • James Glynn
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • The logistical and practical challenges of supplying food for long-term space missions are substantial. In this comment, the authors discuss potential biotechnological approaches that could be used to aid the production of food crops in space.

    • Yongming Liu
    • Gengxin Xie
    • Maozhi Ren
    Comment Open Access
  • Single atom catalysts hold the potential to significantly impact the chemical and energy industrial sectors. This editorial introduces the state of the field along with a collection of Articles and Comments that encapsulate the ongoing efforts of the research community in this field.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is a cause of disease for millions around the world and now more than ever urgent action is required to tackle the burden of its impacts. Doing so will not only improve both life expectancy and quality of life, but will also lead to a more just and sustainable world.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Dr Audrey de Nazelle, an expert in air pollution risk assessment and exposure science at Imperial College London, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Air pollution and the associated health impacts affect millions of people around the world. In this Q&A, Professor Haikun Wang, an expert on the health risks of air pollution and climate change at Nanjing University, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Professor Denise Mauzerall, an expert in air pollution and climate change at Princeton University, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
From brain to behaviour

From brain to behaviour

On this page, we highlight some of the most exciting neuroscience papers that advance our understanding of the brain, covering neurodegeneration, neurological diseases, psychology, cognitive neuroscience, systems neuroscience, neurophysiology, neurotechnologies, computational neuroscience, and neurodevelopment.
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