Tropical cyclone exposure is associated with increased hospitalization rates in older adults

Robbie Parks et al. use Medicare data to show that tropical cyclone exposure in the United States is associated with increased hospitalization rates for older adults from many different acute causes.

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  • Morphology of organic thin film, including the in-plane and out-of-plane directions, plays a crucial role in determining the performance of organic solar cells, yet the characterisation is challenging for the out-of-plane direction. Here, the authors use GTSAXS to uncover the nanomorphology in this dimension, and show how it affects exciton dissociation and charge transfer.

    • Xinxin Xia
    • Tsz-Ki Lau
    • Xinhui Lu
    Article Open Access
  • A versatile methodology to detect topological quasiparticles by transport measurements remains an open problem. Here, the authors propose and experimentally observe the temperature dependence of the quantum oscillation frequency as a signature of non-trivial band topology.

    • Chunyu Guo
    • A. Alexandradinata
    • Philip J. W. Moll
    Article Open Access
  • Mesenchymal stem cells adopt differentiation pathways based upon mechanical cues in their environment which change throughout development. Here the authors develop a material and culture system to modify and measure the degree to which cells retain cumulative effects of mechanosensing to explore how cells erase the memory of some cues while locking in memory of others.

    • Cheng Zhang
    • Hongyuan Zhu
    • Min Lin
    Article Open Access
  • It is difficult to find magnetoelectric low-dimensional structures partly due to the lack of experimental techniques locally probing their physical nature. Here, the authors observe multiferroic ribbon-like domains in a non-multiferroic environment in MnWO4 by optical second harmonic generation.

    • Shingo Toyoda
    • Manfred Fiebig
    • Naoki Ogawa
    Article Open Access

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  • Intergenerational preconditions and historical conferment of opportunity play a role in social mobility. This study considers the geography of relative deprivation to show how different family groups across Great Britain experience different intergenerational outcomes.

    • Paul A. Longley
    • Justin van Dijk
    • Tian Lan
    Article Open Access
  • Current carbon accounting and reporting practices remain unsystematic and incomparable, particularly for emissions along the value chain (scope 3). Here the authors present a framework to harmonize scope 3 emissions by accounting for reporting inconsistency, boundary incompleteness, and activity exclusion.

    • Lena Klaaßen
    • Christian Stoll
    Article Open Access
  • Despite global initiatives to reach net-zero CO2 emissions, the tradeoffs of energy systems to reach that goal remain understudied. Here the authors analyze all net-zero scenarios used for the 2018 IPCC report and quantify the role of renewable energy, fuels, and emissions in attaining a zero CO2 world.

    • Julianne DeAngelo
    • Inês Azevedo
    • Steven J. Davis
    Article Open Access
  • Spectral screening can be used to monitor plant health. Here via airborne hyperspectral imaging of tree species, the authors show that spectral pathways associated with vascular pathogens can be distinguished from those linked to abiotic stress providing the potential for early detection of threatening diseases.

    • P. J. Zarco-Tejada
    • T. Poblete
    • J. A. Navas-Cortes
    Article Open Access
  • Much effort is invested in calibrating model parameters for accurate outputs, but established methods can be inefficient and generic. By learning from big dataset, a new differentiable framework for model parameterization outperforms state-of-the-art methods, produce more physically-coherent results, using a fraction of the training data, computational power, and time. The method promotes a deep integration of machine learning with process-based geoscientific models.

    • Wen-Ping Tsai
    • Dapeng Feng
    • Chaopeng Shen
    Article Open Access

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  • The pandemic has caused disruption to many aspects of scientific research. In this Comment the authors describe the findings from surveys of scientists between April 2020 and January 2021, which suggests there was a decline in new projects started in that time.

    • Jian Gao
    • Yian Yin
    • Dashun Wang
    Comment Open Access
  • The logistical and practical challenges of supplying food for long-term space missions are substantial. In this comment, the authors discuss potential biotechnological approaches that could be used to aid the production of food crops in space.

    • Yongming Liu
    • Gengxin Xie
    • Maozhi Ren
    Comment Open Access
  • Single atom catalysts hold the potential to significantly impact the chemical and energy industrial sectors. This editorial introduces the state of the field along with a collection of Articles and Comments that encapsulate the ongoing efforts of the research community in this field.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is a cause of disease for millions around the world and now more than ever urgent action is required to tackle the burden of its impacts. Doing so will not only improve both life expectancy and quality of life, but will also lead to a more just and sustainable world.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Dr Audrey de Nazelle, an expert in air pollution risk assessment and exposure science at Imperial College London, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
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From molecules and cells to organisms

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