Honey bee workers take on different tasks as they age. The authors study the individuals' social networks and show that interaction patterns predict task allocation and developmental trajectories.
Subduction is the primary driver of plate tectonics, yet we still do not fully understand how subduction zones initiate or the budgets of life-supporting elements recycled via subduction. At Nature Communications, we advocate for more transdisciplinary initiatives and collaborative projects, which are essential if we are to continue to bring new dynamics to subduction research.
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Latest Research articles
Defect-free potassium manganese hexacyanoferrate cathode material for high-performance potassium-ion batteries
Potassium-ion battery is a promising candidate for post-Li-ion energy storage but the lack of cathode materials hinders practical exploitation. Here the authors investigate defect-free potassium manganese hexacyanoferrate as cathode active material for high energy and long lifespan K-based cells.
In-situ plasmonic tracking oxygen evolution reveals multistage oxygen diffusion and accumulating inhibition
Understanding mass transfer processes concomitant with gas evolution reactions is important in energy research. Here, the authors show diffusion tracking of dissolved oxygen on copper nanostructured interface with plasmonic signal, and provide a direct observation of the interfacial mass transfer processes.
The surface code is a keystone in quantum error correction, but it does not generally perform well against structured noise and suffers from large overheads. Here, the authors demonstrate that a variant of it has better performance and requires fewer resources, without additional hardware demands.
The so-called twist-bend and splay-bend nematic liquid crystal phases are important concepts for studying bent-core mesogens. Chiappini et al. use a theory/simulation approach to suggest that the transition proceed via a twist-splay-bend phase which may be obscured by density modulations.
Previous demonstrations of spin state transfer in quantum dot chains relied on physical motion of electrons or sequences of SWAP operations. Here, the authors implement an alternative method based on adiabatic evolution, offering advantages in terms of implementation and robustness to noise and errors.
- Astronomy and planetary science
- Energy science and technology
- Materials science
- Mathematics and computing
- Nanoscience and technology
- Optics and photonics
Fire-induced rock spalling as a mechanism of weathering responsible for flared slope and inselberg development
Fire is an important mechanism of physical weathering responsible for the formation of overhanging flared slopes around the margins of steep-sided inselbergs. Fire-spalling erodes landscapes laterally rather than vertically and produces significant volumes of new sediment.
This study shows how seismic and aseismic events are related in Mexico between 2017 and 2019. Based on a series of observations and models, the study suggests that the Mw 8.2 intraslab earthquake of 8 September 2017 severely altered the mechanical properties of the plate interface, facilitating the interaction between the events and disrupting the slow slip cycles at a regional scale.
Increased respiratory morbidity associated with exposure to a mature volcanic plume from a large Icelandic fissure eruption
Large fissure eruptions can cause air pollution events when the volcanic plume returns to the same area after the initial advisory has been lifted. Here, the authors show that these events had a significant impact on health care usage in Iceland, and the impact was exacerbated when advisories were not issued successfully.
Ocean surface energy balance allows a constraint on the sensitivity of precipitation to global warming
There is some disagreement between climate models about how much precipitation changes under global warming. Here, the authors use the ocean surface energy balance to constrain the sensitivity of precipitation to historical warming and find that it is increasing by 0.68 ± 0.51% per degree warming.
- Climate sciences
- Environmental sciences
- Environmental social sciences
- Natural hazards
- Ocean sciences
- Planetary science
- Solid Earth sciences
- Space physics
Modern biological research is complicated by the difficulty of collecting, transforming, annotating, and integrating datasets. Here, the authors present Go Get Data, a fast, reproducible approach to installing standardized data recipes, with an application to genomics data.
Late Pleistocene South American megafaunal extinctions associated with rise of Fishtail points and human population
Human arrival in South America predated the extinction of regional megafauna by a substantial margin, which has suggested a different cause for the extinctions. However, here, the authors show that megafaunal extinctions do correspond to the spread of hunting tools and human population shifts.
As part of two-component systems, diguanylate cyclases (DGCs) are activated by phosphorylation. Structural and computational analyses of DgcR, a model DGC, reveal the phosphorylation-induced conformational changes and the activation mechanism likely shared by many DGCs with N-terminal coiled-coil linkers.
The Botrytis cinerea Crh1 transglycosylase is a cytoplasmic effector triggering plant cell death and defense response
Crh proteins catalyze crosslinking of chitin and glucan polymers in fungal cell walls. Here, Bi et al. show that a Crh protein from the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea acts as a cytoplasmic effector and elicitor of plant defense, and plants expressing this gene exhibit reduced sensitivity to the pathogen.
The glutamine fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 1 (GFAT-1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the hexosamine pathway producing uridine 5’-diphospho-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc), an essential glycosylation precursor. Here, the authors dissect the mechanisms of GFAT-1 regulation by protein kinase A (PKA)-mediated phosphorylation.
- Biological techniques
- Cell biology
- Chemical biology
- Computational biology and bioinformatics
- Developmental biology
- Drug discovery
- Molecular biology
- Plant sciences
- Stem cells
- Structural biology
- Systems biology
Targeted apoptosis of macrophages and osteoclasts in arthritic joints is effective against advanced inflammatory arthritis
Celastrol might be useful in treating rheumatoid arthritis in part by inhibiting apoptosis of macrophages; however, systemic toxicity is a concern. Here the authors design celastrol-loaded nanoparticles that release a payload in response to MMP9 cleavage and show these NPs are effective at inducing apoptosis of human macrophages in vitro and a therapeutic effect with an adjuvant-induced arthritis model in rats.
Epigenetic modulation of immune synaptic-cytoskeletal networks potentiates γδ T cell-mediated cytotoxicity in lung cancer
Gamma delta (γδ) T cells have potential for use in immunotherapy against tumours. Here, the authors demonstrate that treatment of tumours with DNA methyltransferase inhibitors modulates cytoskeleton arrangements, upregulates adhesion molecules and increases tumour killing by γδ T cells.
Epithelial tissue mononuclear phagocytes (MNP) can transmit HIV to CD4 T cells, but less is known about sub-epithelial cells. Here, the authors describe MNPs in human anogenital and colorectal tissues and find that CD14+CD1c+ monocyte-derived dendritic cells and langerin-expressing conventional dendritic cells 2 preferentially take up and transmit HIV.
Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by progressive dementia and amyloid beta plaque deposition. Here the authors show in three relevant transgenic animal models that accumulation of activated B cells is central to AD pathology and depletion of B cells interferes with both histological and behavioural manifestations of the disease.
Genetic evidence for the association between COVID-19 epidemic severity and timing of non-pharmaceutical interventions
Estimating the effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions for COVID-19 is challenging, partly due to variations in testing. Here, the authors use viral sequence data as an alternative means of inferring intervention effects, and show that delays in implementation resulted in more severe epidemics.
- Health care
- Health occupations
- Medical research
- Molecular medicine
- Risk factors
- Signs and symptoms
Adverse climatic conditions are commonly reported to shape asylum migration, but their effect relative to other drivers is unknown. Here the authors compare climatic, economic, and political factors as predictors of future asylum flows to the EU and find that war and repression are the most important factors.
Efficiency stagnation in global steel production urges joint supply- and demand-side mitigation efforts
The effectiveness of large historical efforts for decarbonizing steel production is unclear. Here, the authors show that such efficiency gains were offset by a booming steel demand increase. This has led to a stagnating decarbonization progress over past decades, which jeopardizes realization of future climate targets.
The value assessment of job skills is critical for companies to select and retain the right talent and for individuals to develop them. Here the authors show that a data-driven method based on an enhanced neural network can assign meaningful value to job skills in a quantitative way and outperforms benchmark models for job salary prediction.
Recent technological, social, and educational changes are profoundly impacting our work, but what makes labour markets resilient to those labour shocks? Here, the authors show that labour markets resemble ecological systems whose resilience depends critically on the network of skill similarities between different jobs.
Equitable partnerships among the international volcano science community are important now more than ever, to cope with financial disparities and ultimately allow for worldwide volcano monitoring oriented to hazard mitigation.
A conversation on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on junior researchers’ careers with funders and university leaders
The various restrictions applied across the globe to contain the COVID-19 pandemic have been impacting the way we knew how to work. Dr. Matthews (a scientific program manager at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke—NINDS), Dr. David del Álamo Rodriguez (head of the European Molecular Biology Organization—EMBO—fellowship program), and Dr. Gray (Associate Dean for the Sciences at the Advanced Science Research Center of the City University of New York) shared with Nature Communications their thoughts on how funders and university leadership can support early career researchers and young faculty through the COVID-19 pandemic.
The various restrictions applied across the globe to contain the COVID-19 pandemic have been impacting the way we knew how to work. Ms. Wilson (a PhD student in Earth System Science at Stanford University), Dr. Xin (a glia biologist and postdoctoral fellow at University of California San Francisco), and Dr. Saidaminov (a researcher in advanced functional materials and Assistant Professor at the University of Victoria) shared with Nature Communications their thoughts on how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting their professional development and career progression and their coping strategies.
Replication inside macrophages is crucial for systemic dissemination of Salmonella in hosts. In a Nature Communications article, Jiang et al. show that Salmonella stimulates glycolysis and represses serine synthesis in macrophages, leading to accumulation of host glycolytic intermediates that the bacteria use as carbon source and as cues for its replication.
Liver cancer typically arises after years of inflammatory insults to hepatocytes. These cells can change their ploidy state during health and disease. Whilst polyploidy may offer some protection, new research shows it may also promote the formation of liver tumours.
Delineation of the genomic complexities of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has lagged behind other malignancies. Zhang et al. meaningfully add to our understanding of MPM, and their findings emphasize the need to combine drug development efforts with appropriate predictive biomarkers.