The rapid evolution of durophagy in lungfish

Xindong Cui et al. describe exceptionally preserved fossils of lungfish (air-breathing fish) from the Early Devonian that show early adaptations to durophagy, or the consumption of hard-shelled prey.


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Latest Research articles

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • Nanosized Pd-based catalysts are widely used in the direct hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) synthesis from H2 and O2, while the selectivity and yield of H2O2 remain inferior. Here, a remarkable H2O2 yield of 115 mol/gPd/h and H2O2 selectivity higher than 99% are reported using a Pd single-atom catalyst for the direct synthesis of H2O2.

    • Shiming Yu
    • Xing Cheng
    • Ge Chen
    Article Open Access
  • Marine protected areas are proposed to protect elasmobranchs (sharks, skates, and rays) but the fishing impact from small-scale fisheries in these areas is unknown. From 1256 fishing operations carried out in partially protected and unprotected areas in six Mediterranean countries, this study shows that catches were higher in partially protected areas than in unprotected areas, indicating poor small-scale fisheries management as a threat for these species.

    • Manfredi Di Lorenzo
    • Antonio Calò
    • Paolo Guidetti
    Article Open Access
  • By measuring the thermal properties of eclogite at high pressures, the authors found that temperature of orogenic continental crust is sufficient to melt granite and phengite, leading to low-velocity and high-conductivity anomalies in orogenic belts.

    • Baohua Zhang
    • Hongzhan Fei
    • Qunke Xia
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

  • There is a broad range of research available on the relationship between food security and mental health. Here the authors carry out a systematic mapping of evidence on food security and nutrition related to mental health and identifies trends in themes, setting, and study design over the 20 year period studied.

    • Thalia M. Sparling
    • Megan Deeney
    • Suneetha Kadiyala
    Article Open Access
  • A global fluoride hazard prediction map was created using machine learning and over 400,000 fluoride measurements, this shows ~180 million people are potentially affected by chronic fluoride exposure worldwide, mostly in Asia and Africa.

    • Joel Podgorski
    • Michael Berg
    Article Open Access
  • A new study presents a new global modeling framework to explore the links between ports, maritime transport and global supply-chains, and identifies critical links and dependencies between 1300 ports and the economies that depend on them.

    • J. Verschuur
    • E. E. Koks
    • J. W. Hall
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • The optoelectronic performance of wide-bandgap semiconductors often cannot compete with that of their defect-tolerant small-bandgap counterpart. Here, the authors outline three main challenges to overcome for mitigating the impact of defects in wide-bandgap semiconductors.

    • Alex M. Ganose
    • David O. Scanlon
    • Robert L. Z. Hoye
    Comment Open Access
  • To highlight and support research in the important area of child health, the editors at Nature Communications and Communications Medicine invite submissions to a collection of papers on this subject, including infectious diseases, cancer, and neurodevelopment and neurodiversity.

    Editorial Open Access
  • We reflect on the extent to which the UK Events Research Programme adhered to four principles of design and evaluation in assessing risk of transmission from attending such mass events as football matches and festivals, and lessons learned.

    • Theresa M. Marteau
    • Michael J. Parker
    • W. John Edmunds
    Comment Open Access
  • A plethora of work has shown that AI systems can systematically and unfairly be biased against certain populations in multiple scenarios. The field of medical imaging, where AI systems are beginning to be increasingly adopted, is no exception. Here we discuss the meaning of fairness in this area and comment on the potential sources of biases, as well as the strategies available to mitigate them. Finally, we analyze the current state of the field, identifying strengths and highlighting areas of vacancy, challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.

    • María Agustina Ricci Lara
    • Rodrigo Echeveste
    • Enzo Ferrante
    Comment Open Access
  • Kv3 channels enable neurons to fire at very high frequencies (>100 Hz) which is fundamental to brain development and our ability to make sense of the world at large. Cryo-EM and structure-function studies by Chi et al. now uncover Kv3 channel gating mechanisms and support new precision medicine approaches for CNS diseases.

    • Martin J. Gunthorpe
    Comment Open Access


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