Jiří Pospíšil et al.

Bacterial nanotubes as a manifestation of cell death

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Physical sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    Chattering dust, or chemically reactive grains of sucrose containing pockets of pressurized carbon dioxide, are used in this experimental approach to study rock fractures. The chattering dust emits acoustic shocks that can be monitored and illuminates fracture geometry.

    • Laura J. Pyrak-Nolte
    • , William Braverman
    • , Nicholas J. Nolte
    • , Alan J. Wright
    •  & David D. Nolte
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Iron- and nitrogen-doped carbon materials are effective catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction whose active sites are poorly understood. Here, the authors establish a new pyridinic iron macrocycle complex as a more effective active site model relative to legacy pyrrolic model complexes.

    • Travis Marshall-Roth
    • , Nicole J. Libretto
    • , Alexandra T. Wrobel
    • , Kevin J. Anderton
    • , Michael L. Pegis
    • , Nathan D. Ricke
    • , Troy Van Voorhis
    • , Jeffrey T. Miller
    •  & Yogesh Surendranath
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cyanobacterial photosystem I has a highly conserved core antenna consisting of eleven subunits and more than 90 chlorophylls. Here via CryoEM and spectroscopy, the authors determine the location of a red-shifted low-energy chlorophyll that allows harvesting of longer wavelengths of light.

    • Hila Toporik
    • , Anton Khmelnitskiy
    • , Zachary Dobson
    • , Reece Riddle
    • , Dewight Williams
    • , Su Lin
    • , Ryszard Jankowiak
    •  & Yuval Mazor

Earth and environmental sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    Chattering dust, or chemically reactive grains of sucrose containing pockets of pressurized carbon dioxide, are used in this experimental approach to study rock fractures. The chattering dust emits acoustic shocks that can be monitored and illuminates fracture geometry.

    • Laura J. Pyrak-Nolte
    • , William Braverman
    • , Nicholas J. Nolte
    • , Alan J. Wright
    •  & David D. Nolte
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Replacement of local crops with alternative varieties adapted to future conditions may improve food security under climate change. Here the authors apply landscape genomics and ensemble climate modelling to pearl millet in West Africa, supporting the potential of transfrontier assisted seed exchange.

    • Bénédicte Rhoné
    • , Dimitri Defrance
    • , Cécile Berthouly-Salazar
    • , Cédric Mariac
    • , Philippe Cubry
    • , Marie Couderc
    • , Anaïs Dequincey
    • , Aichatou Assoumanne
    • , Ndjido Ardo Kane
    • , Benjamin Sultan
    • , Adeline Barnaud
    •  & Yves Vigouroux
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Herold et al. present an integrated meta-omics framework to investigate how mixed microbial communities, such as oleaginous bacterial populations in biological wastewater treatment plants, respond with distinct adaptation strategies to disturbances. They show that community resistance and resilience are a function of phenotypic plasticity and niche complementarity.

    • Malte Herold
    • , Susana Martínez Arbas
    • , Shaman Narayanasamy
    • , Abdul R. Sheik
    • , Luise A. K. Kleine-Borgmann
    • , Laura A. Lebrun
    • , Benoît J. Kunath
    • , Hugo Roume
    • , Irina Bessarab
    • , Rohan B. H. Williams
    • , John D. Gillece
    • , James M. Schupp
    • , Paul S. Keim
    • , Christian Jäger
    • , Michael R. Hoopmann
    • , Robert L. Moritz
    • , Yuzhen Ye
    • , Sujun Li
    • , Haixu Tang
    • , Anna Heintz-Buschart
    • , Patrick May
    • , Emilie E. L. Muller
    • , Cedric C. Laczny
    •  & Paul Wilmes

Biological sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    The impact of neurodevelopmental mutations on functional brain connectivity is poorly understood. Here the authors identify thalamo-sensorimotor dysconnectivity dimensions shared across 16p11.2 and 22q11.2 copy number variants, autism and schizophrenia, but not ADHD.

    • Clara A. Moreau
    • , Sebastian G. W. Urchs
    • , Kumar Kuldeep
    • , Pierre Orban
    • , Catherine Schramm
    • , Guillaume Dumas
    • , Aurélie Labbe
    • , Guillaume Huguet
    • , Elise Douard
    • , Pierre-Olivier Quirion
    • , Amy Lin
    • , Leila Kushan
    • , Stephanie Grot
    • , David Luck
    • , Adrianna Mendrek
    • , Stephane Potvin
    • , Emmanuel Stip
    • , Thomas Bourgeron
    • , Alan C. Evans
    • , Carrie E. Bearden
    • , Pierre Bellec
    •  & Sebastien Jacquemont
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Replacement of local crops with alternative varieties adapted to future conditions may improve food security under climate change. Here the authors apply landscape genomics and ensemble climate modelling to pearl millet in West Africa, supporting the potential of transfrontier assisted seed exchange.

    • Bénédicte Rhoné
    • , Dimitri Defrance
    • , Cécile Berthouly-Salazar
    • , Cédric Mariac
    • , Philippe Cubry
    • , Marie Couderc
    • , Anaïs Dequincey
    • , Aichatou Assoumanne
    • , Ndjido Ardo Kane
    • , Benjamin Sultan
    • , Adeline Barnaud
    •  & Yves Vigouroux
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cyanobacterial photosystem I has a highly conserved core antenna consisting of eleven subunits and more than 90 chlorophylls. Here via CryoEM and spectroscopy, the authors determine the location of a red-shifted low-energy chlorophyll that allows harvesting of longer wavelengths of light.

    • Hila Toporik
    • , Anton Khmelnitskiy
    • , Zachary Dobson
    • , Reece Riddle
    • , Dewight Williams
    • , Su Lin
    • , Ryszard Jankowiak
    •  & Yuval Mazor

Health sciences

See All
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The impact of neurodevelopmental mutations on functional brain connectivity is poorly understood. Here the authors identify thalamo-sensorimotor dysconnectivity dimensions shared across 16p11.2 and 22q11.2 copy number variants, autism and schizophrenia, but not ADHD.

    • Clara A. Moreau
    • , Sebastian G. W. Urchs
    • , Kumar Kuldeep
    • , Pierre Orban
    • , Catherine Schramm
    • , Guillaume Dumas
    • , Aurélie Labbe
    • , Guillaume Huguet
    • , Elise Douard
    • , Pierre-Olivier Quirion
    • , Amy Lin
    • , Leila Kushan
    • , Stephanie Grot
    • , David Luck
    • , Adrianna Mendrek
    • , Stephane Potvin
    • , Emmanuel Stip
    • , Thomas Bourgeron
    • , Alan C. Evans
    • , Carrie E. Bearden
    • , Pierre Bellec
    •  & Sebastien Jacquemont
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Circulating DNA detected in plasma can be used for diagnostic purposes. Here, the authors show that the 5-hydroxymethyl cytosine biomarker from plasma-derived cell free DNA can be used to detect early stage pancreatic cancer.

    • Gulfem D. Guler
    • , Yuhong Ning
    • , Chin-Jen Ku
    • , Tierney Phillips
    • , Erin McCarthy
    • , Christopher K. Ellison
    • , Anna Bergamaschi
    • , Francois Collin
    • , Paul Lloyd
    • , Aaron Scott
    • , Michael Antoine
    • , Wendy Wang
    • , Kim Chau
    • , Alan Ashworth
    • , Stephen R. Quake
    •  & Samuel Levy
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Zika virus is an arthropod-transmitted flavivirus that can cause microcephaly and other fetal abnormalities during pregnancy. Here Wessel et al. develop antibodies against the Zika virus nonstructural protein 1 that protect non-pregnant and pregnant mice against infection, and define particular antibody epitopes and mechanisms underlying this protection.

    • Alex W. Wessel
    • , Nurgun Kose
    • , Robin G. Bombardi
    • , Vicky Roy
    • , Warangkana Chantima
    • , Juthathip Mongkolsapaya
    • , Melissa A. Edeling
    • , Christopher A. Nelson
    • , Irene Bosch
    • , Galit Alter
    • , Gavin R. Screaton
    • , David H. Fremont
    • , James E. Crowe Jr
    •  & Michael S. Diamond

News & Comment

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    The human body supports a thriving diversity of microbes which comprise a dynamic, ancillary, functional system that synergistically develops in lock-step with physiological development of its host. The human microbiome field has transitioned from cataloging this rich diversity to dissecting molecular mechanisms by which microbiomes influence human health. Early life microbiome development trains immune function. Thus, vertically, horizontally, and environmentally acquired microbes and their metabolites have the potential to shape developmental trajectories with life-long implications for health.

    • Elze Rackaityte
    •  & Susan V. Lynch
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Low-temperature carbon dioxide electrolysis is an attractive process for sustainable fuel synthesis, but current systems suffer from low efficiency. In this comment, authors discuss the limitations arising from the reaction between carbon dioxide and hydroxide, highlighting the need for new research to address this fundamental problem.

    • Joshua A. Rabinowitz
    •  & Matthew W. Kanan
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Synthetic biology is among the most hyped research topics this century, and in 2010 it entered its teenage years. But rather than these being a problematic time, we’ve seen synthetic biology blossom and deliver many new technologies and landmark achievements.

    • Fankang Meng
    •  & Tom Ellis
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Protected areas (PAs) are the most important conservation tool, yet assessing their effectiveness is remarkably challenging. We clarify the links between the many facets of PA effectiveness, from evaluating the means, to analysing the mechanisms, to directly measuring biodiversity outcomes.

    • Ana S. L. Rodrigues
    •  & Victor Cazalis
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Myelinating Schwann cells control the diameter of the axons they ensheath by an unknown mechanism. In a recent article in Nature Communications, Eichel and colleagues identify the tetraspan protein CMTM6 as a regulator of axonal caliber.

    • Nimrod Elazar
    •  & Elior Peles
  • Q&A
    | Open Access

    Dr. Kishana Taylor (a microbiologist and Postdoctoral Researcher at the University of California, Davis), Dr. Nella Vargas-Barbosa (an electrochemist and Scientist at the Max Planck Institute) and Dr. Anouk Beniest (a geologist and Postdoctoral Researcher at GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel) talked to Nature Communications about their recent experiences at virtual conferences as early career researchers, since the onset of international COVID-19 travel restrictions. Kishana, Nella and Anouk share tips for navigating virtual conferences as junior researchers, and they also give suggestions for conference organizers to improve virtual scientific meetings so they more inclusive for younger scientists.

Focus

Therapeutics

Jaeok Park et al./doi:10.1038/ncomms14132

Therapeutics

Editors' Highlights: Each month our editors select a small number of Articles recently published in Nature Communications that they believe are particularly interesting or important.

Ross Cloney, Francesco Conti, Sonja Schmid and Aishwarya Sundaram

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