Tropical cyclone exposure is associated with increased hospitalization rates in older adults

Robbie Parks et al. use Medicare data to show that tropical cyclone exposure in the United States is associated with increased hospitalization rates for older adults from many different acute causes.

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Latest Research articles

  • Oligofurans have attracted great attention because of their strong fluorescence, charge delocalization, and increased solubility. Here the authors show a bottom-up modular construction of chemically and structurally well-defined oligo(arylfuran)s by de novo synthesis of α,β′-bifuran monomers and late-stage bromination, stannylation and subsequent coupling reaction.

    • Yang Chen
    • Pingchuan Shen
    • Shifa Zhu
    Article Open Access
  • Experimental data obtained in single-particle tracking experiments are challenging to interpret. The authors propose an approach for determining the dynamics of the stochastic motion of molecules based on the power spectrum, relevant to various non-stationary scale-free random walks.

    • Zachary R. Fox
    • Eli Barkai
    • Diego Krapf
    Article Open Access
  • Individual addition of O or Al is known to deteriorate ductility of Ti alloys, especially at cryogenic temperatures. Here the authors demonstrate a counter-intuitive effect where significant addition of both Al and O substantially improves both strength and ductility in a Ti-6Al-0.3 O ternary alloy.

    • Yan Chong
    • Ruopeng Zhang
    • Andrew M. Minor
    Article Open Access
  • Synthetic shape-shifting materials typically rely on monotonic evolution between equilibrium states, limiting the shape-shifting behaviours. Here the authors report an unanticipated shape-shifting behaviour for a hydrogel that can be programmed to operate via a far-from-equilibrium mechanism.

    • Yue Zhang
    • Kangkang Liu
    • Tao Xie
    Article Open Access
  • Returning from Mars to Earth requires propellant. The authors propose a biotechnology-enabled in situ resource utilization (bioISRU) process to produce a Mars specific rocket propellant, 2,3-butanediol, using cyanobacteria and engineered E. coli, with lower payload mass and energy usage compared to chemical ISRU strategies.

    • Nicholas S. Kruyer
    • Matthew J. Realff
    • Pamela Peralta-Yahya
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • Solar and wind resources are dependent on geophysical constraints. Here the authors find that solar and wind power resources can satisfy countries’ electricity demand of between 72–91% of hours, but hundreds of hours of unmet demand may occur annually.

    • Dan Tong
    • David J. Farnham
    • Steven J. Davis
    Article Open Access
  • Current carbon accounting and reporting practices remain unsystematic and incomparable, particularly for emissions along the value chain (scope 3). Here the authors present a framework to harmonize scope 3 emissions by accounting for reporting inconsistency, boundary incompleteness, and activity exclusion.

    • Lena Klaaßen
    • Christian Stoll
    Article Open Access
  • Satellite-derived chlorophyll data and Google Earth Engine (GEE) are used to introduce the first global map of coastal eutrophication potential as a GEE app. The prospects of the app being used as a global framework for eutrophication screening/monitoring are discussed.

    • Elígio de Raús Maúre
    • Genki Terauchi
    • Michael DeWitt
    Article Open Access
  • Microporous polymers become increasingly attractive as materials for the fabrication of permeable and selective gas separation membranes but separation performance is often limited by broad pore size distribution. Here, the authors design a porous polymer membrane via multi-crosslinking of miscible blends of microporous polymers enabling simultaneous high permeability and selectivity.

    • Xiuling Chen
    • Yanfang Fan
    • Nanwen Li
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

Subjects within Biological sciences

  • Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stroma cells (MSCs) in myeloid neoplasia have been hypothesized to carry somatic mutations and contribute to pathogenesis. Here the authors analyse ex-vivo cultures and primary MSCs derived from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, finding functional alterations but no evidence of clonal mutations.

    • Johann-Christoph Jann
    • Maximilian Mossner
    • Daniel Nowak
    Article Open Access
  • Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a genetic disorder which is associated with kidney and liver pathology, including liver fibrosis. Here the authors develop and characterize human liver organoids with a ARPKD mutation, and find that they show aspects of the pathology, including fibrosis.

    • Yuan Guan
    • Annika Enejder
    • Gary Peltz
    Article Open Access
  • miR-126 is highly expressed in inv(16) Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) but its role is unclear. Here, the authors show that the aberrant expression of miR-126 in inv(16) AML is directly due to the CBFB-MYH11 fusion gene and that it can promote AML development and leukemia stem cell maintenance, highlighting miR-126 as a therapeutic target for inv(16) AML patients

    • Lianjun Zhang
    • Le Xuan Truong Nguyen
    • Ya-Huei Kuo
    Article Open Access
  • Microporous polymers become increasingly attractive as materials for the fabrication of permeable and selective gas separation membranes but separation performance is often limited by broad pore size distribution. Here, the authors design a porous polymer membrane via multi-crosslinking of miscible blends of microporous polymers enabling simultaneous high permeability and selectivity.

    • Xiuling Chen
    • Yanfang Fan
    • Nanwen Li
    Article Open Access
  • Drug target Mendelian randomization (MR) uses genetic variation in or near a gene encoding a drug target to anticipate the effect of drug action on the same target. Using drug target MR, the authors prioritized 30 targets that might elicit beneficial effects in the prevention or treatment of coronary heart disease.

    • María Gordillo-Marañón
    • Magdalena Zwierzyna
    • Chris Finan
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Health sciences

  • Current carbon accounting and reporting practices remain unsystematic and incomparable, particularly for emissions along the value chain (scope 3). Here the authors present a framework to harmonize scope 3 emissions by accounting for reporting inconsistency, boundary incompleteness, and activity exclusion.

    • Lena Klaaßen
    • Christian Stoll
    Article Open Access
  • Despite global initiatives to reach net-zero CO2 emissions, the tradeoffs of energy systems to reach that goal remain understudied. Here the authors analyze all net-zero scenarios used for the 2018 IPCC report and quantify the role of renewable energy, fuels, and emissions in attaining a zero CO2 world.

    • Julianne DeAngelo
    • Inês Azevedo
    • Steven J. Davis
    Article Open Access
  • Spectral screening can be used to monitor plant health. Here via airborne hyperspectral imaging of tree species, the authors show that spectral pathways associated with vascular pathogens can be distinguished from those linked to abiotic stress providing the potential for early detection of threatening diseases.

    • P. J. Zarco-Tejada
    • T. Poblete
    • J. A. Navas-Cortes
    Article Open Access
  • Much effort is invested in calibrating model parameters for accurate outputs, but established methods can be inefficient and generic. By learning from big dataset, a new differentiable framework for model parameterization outperforms state-of-the-art methods, produce more physically-coherent results, using a fraction of the training data, computational power, and time. The method promotes a deep integration of machine learning with process-based geoscientific models.

    • Wen-Ping Tsai
    • Dapeng Feng
    • Chaopeng Shen
    Article Open Access
  • The El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) influences the weather around the world and, therefore, has strong impacts on society. Here, the authors show that ENSO is associated with child nutrition in many countries, with warmer El Niño conditions leading to more child undernutrition in large parts of the developing world.

    • Jesse K. Anttila-Hughes
    • Amir S. Jina
    • Gordon C. McCord
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • The logistical and practical challenges of supplying food for long-term space missions are substantial. In this comment, the authors discuss potential biotechnological approaches that could be used to aid the production of food crops in space.

    • Yongming Liu
    • Gengxin Xie
    • Maozhi Ren
    Comment Open Access
  • Single atom catalysts hold the potential to significantly impact the chemical and energy industrial sectors. This editorial introduces the state of the field along with a collection of Articles and Comments that encapsulate the ongoing efforts of the research community in this field.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is a cause of disease for millions around the world and now more than ever urgent action is required to tackle the burden of its impacts. Doing so will not only improve both life expectancy and quality of life, but will also lead to a more just and sustainable world.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Dr Audrey de Nazelle, an expert in air pollution risk assessment and exposure science at Imperial College London, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Air pollution and the associated health impacts affect millions of people around the world. In this Q&A, Professor Haikun Wang, an expert on the health risks of air pollution and climate change at Nanjing University, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Professor Denise Mauzerall, an expert in air pollution and climate change at Princeton University, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
From brain to behaviour

From brain to behaviour

On this page, we highlight some of the most exciting neuroscience papers that advance our understanding of the brain, covering neurodegeneration, neurological diseases, psychology, cognitive neuroscience, systems neuroscience, neurophysiology, neurotechnologies, computational neuroscience, and neurodevelopment.
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