a bat flying in a cave

Diversity in bat communities predicts coronavirus prevalence

Magdalena Meyer, Dominik Melville and colleagues study coronavirus infections in bats, and find that coronavirus prevalence is higher in less diverse bat communities.

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Latest Research articles

  • The enantioselective synthesis of S-stereogenic sulfinamides has garnered considerable attention due to their unique structural and physicochemical properties but catalytic asymmetric synthesis of sulfinamides still remains challenging. Here, the authors present the synthesis of S-stereogenic sulfinamides through the peptide-mimic phosphonium salt-catalyzed asymmetric skeletal reorganization of simple prochiral and racemic sulfoximines.

    • Zanjiao Liu
    • Siqiang Fang
    • Tianli Wang
    ArticleOpen Access
  • It is known that spatially localized interactions can give rise to self-organized collective motion. Here, by studying pairwise interactions in juvenile zebrafish, authors reveal the role of reciprocal temporal coupling and find that temporal coordination considerably improves spatial responsiveness, such as reacting to changes in the direction of motion of a partner.

    • Guy Amichay
    • Liang Li
    • Iain D. Couzin
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Frustrated magnetic systems typically have multiple ground state configurations. While such multistability is common in amorphous materials, periodic mechanical systems have long range elastic interactions that tend to lead to a long-range ordered ground state. Herein, Sirote-Katz, Shohat et al. introduce periodic mechanical systems that have many disordered metastable states.

    • Chaviva Sirote-Katz
    • Dor Shohat
    • Yair Shokef
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Allylic substitution reaction of alkenes has been well-developed, but it has limitations, partly due to the intrinsic predilection for an inner-sphere mechanism. Herein, the authors present an outer-sphere mechanism in Rh-catalyzed allylic substitution reaction of simple alkenes using gem-difluorinated cyclopropanes as allyl surrogates.

    • Yaxin Zeng
    • Han Gao
    • Ying Xia
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Physical sciences

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • Bacterial viruses (phages) are promising alternatives to treat antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, but finding matching phages against bacteria of interest is challenging. Here, Boeckaerts et al. present a machine learning approach that predicts phage-bacteria pairs at the strain level for Klebsiella pathogens.

    • Dimitri Boeckaerts
    • Michiel Stock
    • Yves Briers
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Whether and how sharp-wave ripples (SWRs) accompany mental states that are less closely linked to events in the immediate environment are not fully understood. Here authors recorded SWRs from hippocampus of 10 epilepsy patients for up to 15 days with experience sampling. SWR rates showed circadian fluctuation and were associated with self-generated thoughts such as mind wandering.

    • Takamitsu Iwata
    • Takufumi Yanagisawa
    • Haruhiko Kishima
    ArticleOpen Access
  • This review explores the role of oxygen and its delivery via engineered biomaterials in a plethora of physiological processes. This piece emphasises on the application of advanced oxygen delivery strategies, as well as discussing advances in oxygen-generating materials and oxygen-perfusing devices.

    • Elizabeth Zoneff
    • Yi Wang
    • Lilith M. Caballero-Aguilar
    Review ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

  • Archaeological and genetic evidence suggest differing scenarios for human migration out of Africa. Here, the authors present archaeological evidence of intense occupation in Wallacea from 44 thousand years ago, suggesting that this occupation obscured genetic evidence of earlier dispersals.

    • Ceri Shipton
    • Mike W. Morley
    • Sue O’Connor
    ArticleOpen Access
  • The Neolithic site of Dispilio, Northern Greece, is a pile-dwelling site with 900+ piles excavated. Here, the authors use the 5259 BC Miyake event to date the juniper tree-ring chronology constructed from these piles to 5140 BC, making it the first Neolithic site in the region to be absolutely calendar dated.

    • Andrej Maczkowski
    • Charlotte Pearson
    • Albert Hafner
    ArticleOpen Access
  • This Perspective provides insightful discussion in how engineers can aid human health and safety during earthquake disasters. From search and rescue, helping mobilize patients, and securing medical facilities and treatment engineering can work towards bettering earthquake response.

    • Luis Ceferino
    • Yvonne Merino
    • Baturalp Ozturk
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Using machine learning algorithms, this study estimates sea level rise and high tide flooding thresholds every 10 km along the United States’ coasts, complementing conventional linear-/point-based estimates and offering insights for ungauged areas.

    • Sadaf Mahmoudi
    • Hamed Moftakhari
    • Hamid Moradkhani
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • Shigella, an important human pathogen, can secrete effector proteins to invade host cells and evade mechanisms of cell-autonomous immunity. In a new manuscript published in Nature Communications, Xian et al. report that the Shigella kinase effector OspG promotes the ubiquitination of septin cytoskeletal proteins to evade cage entrapment.

    • Ana T. López-Jiménez
    • Gizem Özbaykal Güler
    • Serge Mostowy
    CommentOpen Access
  • Aqueous zinc batteries are currently being explored as potential alternatives to non-aqueous lithium-ion batteries. In this comment, the authors highlight zinc’s global supply chain resilience and lower material costs yet caution about its higher mass requirement for comparable charge storage.

    • Alessandro Innocenti
    • Dominic Bresser
    • Stefano Passerini
    CommentOpen Access
  • Nature Communications has been striving to support Early Career Researchers (ECRs) through different pilot schemes including the peer review mentoring programs and co-review mentoring initiative. The 2nd Rising Stars workshop, held at the Henry Royce Institute on the 9th of February, 2024, aims to celebrate and support rising stars within underrepresented groups in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) subjects and this greatly aligns with the aspirations in our journal. In this conversation, the experiences and advice shared by representatives from various disciplines in the workshop are translated to a wider audience in Nature Communications. Dr Alex Ramadan (Lecturer at the University of Sheffield), Dr Lucy Whalley (Assistant Professor at Northumbria University), Dr Maddison Coke (Senior Experimental Officer at the University of Manchester), and Dr Yi Liu (Lecturer at Loughborough University) discuss the opportunities and challenges they face towards their career with work-life balance, family and caring responsibility, and diversity and inclusion in their workplace, and share their experiences on how mentorship supports their personal and professional growth.

    Q&AOpen Access
  • Roll-to-Roll (R2R) coating is a technology that potentially enhances throughput, reduces costs, and accommodates flexible substrates for fabricating various types of solar cells and modules. Here, authors discuss the R2R revolution to tackle the industrial leap for perovskite photovoltaic devices.

    • Ershad Parvazian
    • Trystan Watson
    CommentOpen Access
  • Developmental stress can detrimentally affect adult female reproductive behavior, influencing sexual receptivity and fertility. Recent work has demonstrated neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase (nNOS)-promoted NO release in the ventromedial hypothalamus as a nexus between pre-pubertal stress and adult sexual behavior in mice.

    • Konstantina Chachlaki
    CommentOpen Access
  • Cellular and organismal aging have been consistently associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation. Accumulating evidence indicates that aging-related inflammatory responses are mechanistically linked to compromised mitochondrial integrity coupled with mtDNA-driven CGAS activation, a process that is tonically inhibited by mitophagy.

    • Emma Guilbaud
    • Kristopher A. Sarosiek
    • Lorenzo Galluzzi
    CommentOpen Access
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In this page, we highlight research papers in the areas of quantum information, computation and communication, quantum technologies, and fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics.
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