a bat flying in a cave

Diversity in bat communities predicts coronavirus prevalence

Magdalena Meyer, Dominik Melville and colleagues study coronavirus infections in bats, and find that coronavirus prevalence is higher in less diverse bat communities.

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  • New and dynamically changing opportunities for commercial/private and civilian spaceflight raise the need for an examination of how to ethically guide space industry and community. This Perspective explores such considerations with respect to space traveler selection and human subject research.

    • Allen Seylani
    • Aman Singh Galsinh
    • Dana Tulodziecki
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Informal transportation services constitute the primary form of public transport in the Global South. Here, the authors analyze the structure of route networks in cities across the globe, showing how informal routes self-organize into consistent line services that often outperform centralized services in the Global North, exhibiting fewer detours and comparable interconnectivity.

    • Kush Mohan Mittal
    • Marc Timme
    • Malte Schröder
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • Global climate policy has increasingly acknowledged the specific contributions of Indigenous Peoples. The outcome of COP 28, however, demonstrates that this acknowledgement has not shifted the conceptual foundations of dominant climate solutions, nor has it created space for Indigenous Peoples to effectively contribute. Drawing on our expertise as Indigenous scholars and practitioners, we offer four recommendations to shift climate policy and research away from these foundations towards reciprocal relationships with the natural world – strengthening it for future generations.

    • Graeme Reed
    • Angele Alook
    • Deborah McGregor
    CommentOpen Access
  • The curse of rarity—the rarity of safety-critical events in high-dimensional variable spaces—presents significant challenges in ensuring the safety of autonomous vehicles using deep learning. Looking at it from distinct perspectives, the authors identify three potential approaches for addressing the issue.

    • Henry X. Liu
    • Shuo Feng
    CommentOpen Access
  • Vaccines and clean water shortages continue to give rise to cholera outbreaks in Africa. Coordinated efforts to increase vaccine distribution and improve physical infrastructure are needed while considering future outbreaks and water demands due to conflicts and climate events.

    • Amira Mohamed Taha
    • Hussam Mahmoud
    • Mohamed M. Ghonaim
    CommentOpen Access
  • Patient derived tumor xenografts (PDXs) are important models for pre-clinical testing in cancer research and personalized medicine. PDXs often represent patient tumors with high similarity in terms of histology and driver mutations. However, certain limitations exist that warrant a detailed understanding of PDX heterogeneity and evolution. Hynds et al. demonstrate the relevance of primary tumor heterogeneity in PDX model establishment and explore multi-region sampling to determine the extent to which PDXs represent primary tumors.

    • Hari Shankar Sunil
    • Kathryn A. O’Donnell
    CommentOpen Access
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