a bat flying in a cave

Diversity in bat communities predicts coronavirus prevalence

Magdalena Meyer, Dominik Melville and colleagues study coronavirus infections in bats, and find that coronavirus prevalence is higher in less diverse bat communities.


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Latest Research articles

  • Epsilon Fe2C is considered a promising catalyst for syngas conversion due to its inherently low CO2 selectivity, but its application is limited by poor high-temperature stability. Here the authors present a successful method for synthesizing highly stable ε-Fe2C using a nitrogen-induced strategy through the pyrolysis of Prussian blue analogs.

    • Fei Qian
    • Jiawei Bai
    • Xiao-Dong Wen
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Hydrogen borrowing is a method that allows common alcohols to serve as alkylating agents but is often associated with high temperatures and relatively harsh reaction conditions leading to limited scope. Here, the authors present a hydrogen borrowing method that proceeds at lower temperatures under iridium catalysis, enabling broad substrate scope.

    • Elliot P. Bailey
    • Timothy J. Donohoe
    • Martin D. Smith
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Topological entanglement entropy has been used to detect topological orders but it cannot distinguish abelian and non-abelian orders. This work potentially solves this problem using a new entanglement-based protocol for characterizing topological phases with anyons from a single ground state wavefunction in 2D.

    • Shang Liu
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • Oceanic Anoxic Event 2 was triggered by Kerguelen Large Igneous Province volcanism. Short-lived sedimentary mercury enrichments and changes in sediment provenance suggest that southern hemisphere volcanic activity drove climate and carbon cycle changes.

    • C. A. Walker-Trivett
    • S. Kender
    • D. Wagner
    ArticleOpen Access
  • A diamond layer that becomes thicker with time is generated from carbon exsolution at the core-mantle boundary of Mercury, owing to cooling of its metallic core and potentially the silicate magma ocean.

    • Yongjiang Xu
    • Yanhao Lin
    • Bernard Charlier
    ArticleOpen Access
  • A new technological development for detecting floating litter from space was tested in the Mediterranean Sea. Using satellites currently in orbit, researchers achieved an unprecedented view of the emissions and accumulation areas of marine litter.

    • Andrés Cózar
    • Manuel Arias
    • Paolo Corradi
    ArticleOpen Access
  • The authors show that the degree of amplified warming in the Arctic relative to the rest of the globe can be analytically understood from a simple nonlinear formula of five key physical parameters.

    • Wenyu Zhou
    • L. Ruby Leung
    • Jian Lu
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • Whether paired corticospinal-motoneuronal stimulation (PCMS)-protocols can promote motor learning and how PCMS protocols interact with mechanisms of experience-dependent plasticity is not fully understood. Here authors show that non-invasively induced plasticity targeting corticomotoneuronal synapses promotes motor learning by interacting positively with experience-dependent plasticity.

    • Jonas Rud Bjørndal
    • Mikkel Malling Beck
    • Jesper Lundbye-Jensen
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • Surface observations suggest that carbon may exist in Mercury’s interior. Under planetary mantle pressures and temperatures, carbon may be present as a stable diamond layer which may have important implications for the physical and chemical properties of Mercury.

    • Megan D. Mouser
    CommentOpen Access
  • Global climate policy has increasingly acknowledged the specific contributions of Indigenous Peoples. The outcome of COP 28, however, demonstrates that this acknowledgement has not shifted the conceptual foundations of dominant climate solutions, nor has it created space for Indigenous Peoples to effectively contribute. Drawing on our expertise as Indigenous scholars and practitioners, we offer four recommendations to shift climate policy and research away from these foundations towards reciprocal relationships with the natural world – strengthening it for future generations.

    • Graeme Reed
    • Angele Alook
    • Deborah McGregor
    CommentOpen Access
  • The curse of rarity—the rarity of safety-critical events in high-dimensional variable spaces—presents significant challenges in ensuring the safety of autonomous vehicles using deep learning. Looking at it from distinct perspectives, the authors identify three potential approaches for addressing the issue.

    • Henry X. Liu
    • Shuo Feng
    CommentOpen Access
  • Vaccines and clean water shortages continue to give rise to cholera outbreaks in Africa. Coordinated efforts to increase vaccine distribution and improve physical infrastructure are needed while considering future outbreaks and water demands due to conflicts and climate events.

    • Amira Mohamed Taha
    • Hussam Mahmoud
    • Mohamed M. Ghonaim
    CommentOpen Access

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On this page, we highlight articles that improve our understanding of the impacts of anthropogenic climate change on the environmental conditions, ecology, economic and social systems and human health.


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