A lattice of protein tetramers

A self-assembling 2D lattice protects replication of a bacterial virus

Some bacterial viruses enclose their replicating DNA in a protein-based ‘phage nucleus’. Nieweglowska et al. show that the structure is a lattice of tetramers linked by flexible loops and tails.


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Latest Research articles

  • Low-energy excitations of strongly correlated systems are described by the Tomonaga–Luttinger liquid theory. Here the authors employ Bragg spectroscopy to demonstrate a spin-incoherent Luttinger liquid in 6Li atoms using charge and spin excitations.

    • Danyel Cavazos-Cavazos
    • Ruwan Senaratne
    • Randall G. Hulet
    ArticleOpen Access
  • The sparse, noisy, and distorted raw photon data captured by single-photon cameras make it difficult to estimate scene properties under challenging illumination conditions. Here, the authors present Collaborative photon processing for Active Single-Photon Imaging (CASPI), a technology-agnostic, application-agnostic, and training-free photon processing pipeline for high-resolution single-photon cameras.

    • Jongho Lee
    • Atul Ingle
    • Mohit Gupta
    ArticleOpen Access
  • The design of efficient and selective catalysts is a formidable challenge in chemical science. Here the authors design a data-driven workflow to achieve the digitalized knowledge transfer between the synthetically relevant transformations, which was demonstrated in the prediction of chiral carboxylic acid co-catalyst for the cobalt-catalyzed asymmetric C–H alkylation of indoles.

    • Zi-Jing Zhang
    • Shu-Wen Li
    • Lutz Ackermann
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Zeolites are porous aluminosilicate molecular sieves with uniform pores of molecular dimensions that have a wide range of applications. Here authors use machine learning to guide zeolite synthesis and predict the structure and properties of faujasite zeolites from synthesis conditions.

    • Xinyu Li
    • He Han
    • Michael Tsapatsis
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • This study updates the floristic realms of the world by integrating global distributions and mega-phylogenies of 12,664 angiosperm genera. Eight realms and 16 sub-realms are identified, most of which have formed since the Paleogene, and their formation is dominated by geographic isolation induced by plate tectonics rather than current or historical climate.

    • Yunpeng Liu
    • Xiaoting Xu
    • Zhiheng Wang
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

Subjects within Biological sciences

  • Graft-versus-leukemia reactions are required for the eradication of myeloid malignancies after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. However, treatment efficacy is variable, depending on the immunological response. Here the authors show that dysfunction of HLA heterogeneity is associated with post-transplant leukemia relapse.

    • Simona Pagliuca
    • Carmelo Gurnari
    • Jaroslaw P. Maciejewski
    ArticleOpen Access
  • The gut microbiome is causally linked to body weight in preclinical models. Here, in a controlled feeding study, the authors show that greater delivery of gut-microbiome fermentable dietary substrates to the colon leads to a net negative energy balance that is accompanied by robust microbial and host responses.

    • Karen D. Corbin
    • Elvis A. Carnero
    • Steven R. Smith
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Ultrasensitive, real-time profiling of bio-analytes is a prerequisite for precision medicine. Here, the authors present a versatile bio-electronic interface (VIBE) to sense signaling cascade-guided receptor-ligand interactions and show that it can detect hormone levels in blood samples and differentiate individual metabolic conditions.

    • Preetam Guha Ray
    • Debasis Maity
    • Martin Fussenegger
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Health sciences

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • The samples returned from near-Earth asteroid (162173) Ryugu provide a pristine record of the 4.6 billion years since the birth of the Solar System. The Hayabusa2 initial analysis team has integrated a range of analytical techniques to investigate Ryugu’s organic chemistry. Here, we highlight their latest findings, the potential questions which may be answered, and provide an overview of new prospects in the decade to come.

    • Yasuhiro Oba
    • Yoshinori Takano
    • Hiroshi Naraoka
    CommentOpen Access
  • Identifying topological defects in disordered materials has a profound effect on predicting when and where the material will break. Matteo Baggioli comments a recent publication in Nature Communications, which confirms the existence of defects in glasses and their crucial role for plasticity.

    • Matteo Baggioli
    CommentOpen Access
  • Early detection of immunotherapy-induced tumor response is of major benefit for patients but can be complicated by therapy-induced pseudoprogression. A consensus guideline-iRECIST- was developed as a modification of Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST version 1.1). Here we describe which next steps are required to test its validity and how novel approaches for response criteria might be developed and included.

    • Elena Garralda
    • Scott A. Laurie
    • Elisabeth G. E. de Vries
    CommentOpen Access
  • Issues with data reuse have been recognized in synthetic biology and the broader scientific community. Policies and standards fall short as machine reasoning is not emphasised and enforcement is lacking. We discuss the progress, remaining challenges, and possible solutions.

    • Jeanet Mante
    • Chris J. Myers
    CommentOpen Access
  • Progress to reduce plastic pollution has been painfully slow and the consequent damage to the natural environment and to human health is likely to increase further. This has been because the views and ways of working of four distinct stakeholder communities are not sufficiently well integrated. (1) Scientists, (2) industry, (3) society at large and (4) those making policy and legislation must in future find ways to work together.

    • Richard S. Lampitt
    • Stephen Fletcher
    • Adrian Whyle
    CommentOpen Access

Biotechnology and methods

Papers highlighted here represent a snapshot of some of the recent exciting work published in the area of bioengineering, genome engineering, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, system and computational biology, cellular biotechnology and imaging, and therapeutic biotechnology.
  • Chuanfu An, Ross Cloney, Cara Eldridge, Philip Lössl, Aline Lueckgen, Doaa Megahed, Anne Mirabella and Lorenzo Righetto


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