ammonia molecules and fluorine atoms excited by light are reacting with one another

Probing the activated complex of the F + Nh3 reaction via dipole-bound state

Rui Zhang and colleagues study the reaction of ammonia molecules and fluorine atoms excited by light, and experimentally capture the quantum state of the activated NH3F- complex.

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  • The complex and diverse molecular architectures along with broad biological activities of ent-kauranoids natural products attract increasing interest from synthetic chemists. Herein, the authors report the enantioselective total syntheses of C-19 oxygenated enmein-type ent-kauranoids, including (–)-macrocalyxoformins A and B and (–)-ludongnin C.

    • Zichen Cao
    • Wenxuan Sun
    • Chao Li
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  • Light excitation has been recognized as an appealing tuning knob for superconducting circuits, but usually its efficiency is limited by the low photoresponse of superconductors. Here, the authors demonstrate efficient reversible modulations of superconductivity in thin films of NbSe2 via near-field coupling to plasmonic Au nanoparticles.

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    • Meng-Hsien Lin
    • Changgan Zeng
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  • Nitrogen-containing compounds play an indispensable role in medicine, agriculture and materials, but alkylated derivatives especially in sterically congested environments, remain a challenge to prepare. Here, the authors report a versatile method for the regioselective hydroamination of readily available unactivated olefins with diazirines.

    • Qingyu Xing
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  • The process of CH4 cracking into H2 and carbon has garnered significant attention for hydrogen production, but traditional catalytic methods are hampered by severe carbon deposition. Here, a machine-learning model has been developed to expedite the screening of CH4 cracking catalysts from 10,950 types of single-atom alloy surfaces.

    • Jikai Sun
    • Rui Tu
    • Weiqiao Deng
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Subjects within Physical sciences

  • The fO2 of arc primary magma is latitude dependent with less oxidized magma at low latitudes, which may be related to distribution of ocean primary production resulting in more organic carbon and sulfide in the subducted sediments at low latitudes.

    • Fangyang Hu
    • Hehe Jiang
    • Fu-Yuan Wu
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  • Contrary to current model predictions, this study shows that rapid permafrost thaw in well drained uplands leads to exceedingly high methane emissions ( ~ 10-60 times higher than expected) from deeply-thawed yedoma soils, particularly in winter.

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  • Power outages have a statistically significant and negative impact on electric vehicle adoption. A doubling of power outages in one year in China can create a decline of more than $ 31.3 million per year in carbon reduction benefits.

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Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • Spatial omics technologies require alignment and stitching of slices for a 3D molecular profile. Here, the authors present SANTO, a coarse-to-fine method that rapidly determines spatial positions and overlap regions, then refines them, enabling integration across platforms and modalities.

    • Haoyang Li
    • Yingxin Lin
    • Xin Gao
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  • Fungi and bacteria fight coevolutionary wars using antimicrobial compounds that animal cells cannot usually produce. This study finds that bdelloid rotifers attacked by a fungal pathogen express genes acquired horizontally from bacteria, including some resembling antibiotic synthesis clusters.

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  • Epiphytic plants are a highly biodiverse group of tropical species at high risk of extinction from climate change. In this study, a multi-year transplant experiment, paired with distributional surveys in Central America, shows that many of these species may not survive projected changes in climate, providing empirical evidence for hypotheses raised by previous studies.

    • Emily C. Hollenbeck
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Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • Yeast is a widely used cell factory for the conversion of sugar into fuels, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Establishing yeast as being autotrophic can enable it to grow solely on CO2 and light, and hereby yeast can be used as a wider platform for transition to a sustainable society.

    • Jens Nielsen
    CommentOpen Access
  • Solution processable perovskites are revolutionising the research field of direct X-ray detectors. Here, the authors discuss the opportunities, challenges, and research strategies for perovskite planar X-ray detectors.

    • Xiangyu Ou
    • Feng Gao
    CommentOpen Access
  • DNA catalysts, known as DNAzymes, have arguably been limited for decades by the lack of mechanistic information. The solution structure of the 8–17 DNAzyme reported by Wieruszekska, Pwlowicz et al. reassesses the current thinking regarding the relationship between structure, dynamic, and metal ion coordination.

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  • Surface observations suggest that carbon may exist in Mercury’s interior. Under planetary mantle pressures and temperatures, carbon may be present as a stable diamond layer which may have important implications for the physical and chemical properties of Mercury.

    • Megan D. Mouser
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Biotechnology and methods

Papers highlighted here represent a snapshot of some of the recent exciting work published in the area of bioengineering, genome engineering, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, system and computational biology, cellular biotechnology and imaging, and therapeutic biotechnology.
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