Bird population declines and species turnover are changing the acoustic properties of spring soundscapes

Catriona Morrison et al. show that the soundscape of birdsong in North America and Europe is becoming quieter and less varied, mirroring declines in bird diversity and abundance.


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    Our editors highlight articles they see as particularly interesting or important in these new pages spanning all research areas.

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    In this collection, we highlight papers reporting structural insights into amyloid fibrils associated with neurodegenerative and systemic diseases as well as functional amyloids that were obtained using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), NMR, X-ray crystallography and microcrystal electron diffraction.


Latest Research articles

  • Atomic point defects formed by irradiation can dramatically alter material properties, but are difficult to probe, limiting understanding of their impact. Here, the authors introduce an x-ray microscopy approach, based on Bragg ptychography, to visualise the distortion caused by these otherwise invisible defects.

    • Peng Li
    • Nicholas W. Phillips
    • Virginie Chamard
    Article Open Access
  • Spin-polarised electric currents have been studied extensively for use in spintronics, while their spin-neutral counterparts have been largely ignored. Here Shao et al show that such spin-neutral currents can be controlled by the Neel vector orientation of an antiferromagnet and detected using an antiferromagnetic tunnel junction.

    • Ding-Fu Shao
    • Shu-Hui Zhang
    • Evgeny Y. Tsymbal
    Article Open Access
  • Organic molecules that can access various redox states have potential applications in electronics, batteries, catalysis, among others. Here the authors report the preparation of an unsymmetrical organoboron analogue of Thiele’s hydrocarbon and study its one- and two-electron oxidation reactions; remarkably, the radical cation is stable over a redox range of > 1 V and can also be isolated.

    • Ying Kai Loh
    • Petra Vasko
    • Simon Aldridge
    Article Open Access
  • Oxadiazoles are five-membered ring heterocycles comprising an oxygen and two nitrogens, and those with the 1,2,4-oxadiazole skeleton are of interest due to their prevalence in biologically active compounds. Here, the authors report a transition metal-free [3+2]-cycloaddition of nitroarenes with 2-azaallyl anions under basic conditions to access 2,5-dihydro-1,2,4-oxadiazoles.

    • Dong Zou
    • Lishe Gan
    • Patrick J. Walsh
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Physical sciences

  • Public acceptability of carbon taxation is vital for its implementation. Here, the authors show that spending all revenues on climate projects, rather than mixing them, is the most acceptable policy, while information provision only increases acceptability for a carbon tax with unspecified revenues.

    • Sara Maestre-Andrés
    • Stefan Drews
    • Jeroen van den Bergh
    Article Open Access
  • Deforestation and drainage have made Indonesian peatlands susceptible to burning. Here the authors find that Indonesia’s 2015 fires resulted in economic losses totaling US$28 billion, while the area burned and emissions released could have been significantly reduced had restoration been completed.

    • L. Kiely
    • D. V. Spracklen
    • H. A. Adrianto
    Article Open Access
  • Soil seed banks are reservoirs of plant biodiversity. Here the authors compile a global dataset of soil seed banks in natural plant communities and report a spatially explicit analysis of environmental controls of seed bank density and diversity.

    • Xuejun Yang
    • Carol C. Baskin
    • Johannes H. C. Cornelissen
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

  • Dynamical development process of various social network platforms shows emergence and transformation of user communities. The authors model social network formation processes considering the meritocratic perspective, where users make their decisions based on the user-generated content.

    • Nicolò Pagan
    • Wenjun Mei
    • Florian Dörfler
    Article Open Access
  • Urban trees influence temperatures in cities. The authors here investigate in spatio-temporal variations in their cooling effect and find 8-12 K decreased temperatures for tree-rich urban areas in Central Europe during hot summers, and up to 4 K for Southern Europe, respectively.

    • Jonas Schwaab
    • Ronny Meier
    • Edouard L. Davin
    Article Open Access
  • The movements of individuals within and among cities influence critical aspects of our society, such as well-being, the spreading of epidemics, and the quality of the environment. Here, the authors use deep neural networks to discover non-linear relationships between geographical variables and mobility flows.

    • Filippo Simini
    • Gianni Barlacchi
    • Luca Pappalardo
    Article Open Access
  • Adaptation to heat stress through the use of air conditioners has received increasing attention. Here the authors show that income and humidity adjusted temperature are common determinants for adopting air conditioning, but their relative contribution varies in relation to household characteristics.

    • Filippo Pavanello
    • Enrica De Cian
    • André F. P. Lucena
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • Discoveries of persistent coastal species in the open ocean shift our understanding of biogeographic barriers. Floating plastic debris from pollution now supports a novel sea surface community composed of coastal and oceanic species at sea that might portend significant ecological shifts in the marine environment.

    • Linsey E. Haram
    • James T. Carlton
    • Gregory M. Ruiz
    Comment Open Access
  • In this opinion piece, we discuss why computational tools to limit the identifiability of genomic data are a promising avenue for privacy-preservation and legal compliance. Even where these technologies do not eliminate all residual risk of individual identification, the law may still consider such data anonymised.

    • Alexander Bernier
    • Hanshi Liu
    • Bartha Maria Knoppers
    Comment Open Access
  • Developing more productive and sustainable crops will be essential to achieving food security in coming decades. A core process in plant evolution has been the transfer of chloroplast-encoded genes to the nuclear genome. We propose reverting this process as a new approach to improve plant disease resistance and photosynthesis in future crops.

    • Briardo Llorente
    • María Eugenia Segretin
    • Nicolás E. Blanco
    Comment Open Access
  • An outcome of phage infection, lateral transduction, has been shown to mobilize chromosomal genes between bacterial cells at rates that exceed those of mobile genetic elements such as plasmids. Does this mean that the bacterial chromosome should be considered a mobile genetic element?

    • James P. J. Hall
    Comment Open Access
  • While the technological revolution is accelerating, digital poverty is undermining the Sustainable Development Goals. This article introduces a justice-oriented digital framework which considers how fair access to digital capabilities, commodities, infrastructure, and governance can reduce global inequality and advance the SDGs.

    • Katriona O’Sullivan
    • Serena Clark
    • Malcolm MacLachlan
    Comment Open Access
Structural biology, biochemistry and biophysics

Structural biology, biochemistry and biophysics

On this page, we highlight some of our most exciting recently published articles in the areas of biochemistry, biophysics, mass spectrometry and structural biology as well as related methodology papers.

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