ammonia molecules and fluorine atoms excited by light are reacting with one another

Probing the activated complex of the F + Nh3 reaction via dipole-bound state

Rui Zhang and colleagues study the reaction of ammonia molecules and fluorine atoms excited by light, and experimentally capture the quantum state of the activated NH3F- complex.

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Subjects within Physical sciences

  • Studies of samples of asteroid Ryugu returned by the Hayabusa-2 mission show that the action of water and organic material on carbonaceous asteroids lead to the widespread occurrence of micron-sized polymeric organic particles encapsulating clays and biological relevant molecules.

    • H. G. Changela
    • Y. Kebukawa
    • D. Zapotok
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Solar-driven evaporation is a sustainable water purification method, but scalability is hindered by heat loss and salt fouling. The authors introduce a bilayer-structured solar evaporator with a dynamic fluid flow mechanism, which enables self-cleaning. This approach offers continuous, high-efficiency evaporation.

    • Yi Wang
    • Weinan Zhao
    • Kam Chiu Tam
    ArticleOpen Access
  • The authors identify that sedges in the Arctic have a different isoprene temperature response than other temperate plants, and this finding explains the high temperature sensitivity of isoprene emissions from Arctic terrestrial ecosystems.

    • Hui Wang
    • Allison M. Welch
    • Alex B. Guenther
    ArticleOpen Access
  • This study estimates the reproductive potential of fish in globally distributed coral reef sites. The results show substantial gains in reproductive potential can be achieved through the 30 × 30 conservation target, particularly for the important fisheries family, Serranidae, demonstrating the possible benefit of protection to population replenishment.

    • Jeneen Hadj-Hammou
    • Joshua E. Cinner
    • Nicholas A. J. Graham
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • As space travel promises to become a reality for more humans, insights from human genetics could serve to inform space medicine. Here, the authors overview genetic variants that might confer a protective effect in space, and ethical and technical challenges to translating these findings.

    • Lindsay A. Rutter
    • Matthew J. MacKay
    • Christopher E. Mason
    PerspectiveOpen Access
  • Striatal interneuron diversity within the basal ganglia of human and non-human primates is not well understood. Here, authors reveal the diversity of interneurons in the human dorsal striatum based on the single-cell transcriptome, delineating unknown types and regional differences, and tracing parallels with those in mice.

    • Leonardo D. Garma
    • Lisbeth Harder
    • Ana B. Muñoz-Manchado
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Neural mechanisms underlying the canonical computations underlying economic choice are not fully understood. Here authors show that gaze is highly relevant in decision processes, both at the behavioral level and at the neural level for value encoding gating and reactivation, for choice evaluation and reevaluation.

    • Demetrio Ferro
    • Tyler Cash-Padgett
    • Rubén Moreno-Bote
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Fluid flow reduces bacterial growth and colonization on surfaces, which has been explained by increased cell detachment. However, Hubert et al. show that the reduction in population growth is due not only to cell detachment but also to reduced cell division rate, suggesting that bacteria can respond to fluid flow by entering a growth arrest state and enhancing their adhesion to surfaces.

    • Antoine Hubert
    • Hervé Tabuteau
    • Tanguy Le Borgne
    ArticleOpen Access

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • Yeast is a widely used cell factory for the conversion of sugar into fuels, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Establishing yeast as being autotrophic can enable it to grow solely on CO2 and light, and hereby yeast can be used as a wider platform for transition to a sustainable society.

    • Jens Nielsen
    CommentOpen Access
  • Solution processable perovskites are revolutionising the research field of direct X-ray detectors. Here, the authors discuss the opportunities, challenges, and research strategies for perovskite planar X-ray detectors.

    • Xiangyu Ou
    • Feng Gao
    CommentOpen Access
  • DNA catalysts, known as DNAzymes, have arguably been limited for decades by the lack of mechanistic information. The solution structure of the 8–17 DNAzyme reported by Wieruszekska, Pwlowicz et al. reassesses the current thinking regarding the relationship between structure, dynamic, and metal ion coordination.

    • Jessica Felice Schmuck
    • Jan Borggräfe
    • Manuel Etzkorn
    CommentOpen Access
  • Surface observations suggest that carbon may exist in Mercury’s interior. Under planetary mantle pressures and temperatures, carbon may be present as a stable diamond layer which may have important implications for the physical and chemical properties of Mercury.

    • Megan D. Mouser
    CommentOpen Access
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Biotechnology and methods

Papers highlighted here represent a snapshot of some of the recent exciting work published in the area of bioengineering, genome engineering, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, system and computational biology, cellular biotechnology and imaging, and therapeutic biotechnology.
  • Chuanfu An, Ross Cloney, Cara Eldridge, Philip Lössl, Aline Lueckgen, Doaa Megahed, Anne Mirabella and Lorenzo Righetto
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