Based on the design of natural, porous organic nanotubes, Shuangqiao Han et al. fabricate 15 nm thin membranes that can be used for water purification, specifically to filter out boron and phosporus.
Starting in 2016, we have offered authors the option to publish the comments received from the reviewers and their responses alongside the paper. As we believe that transparency strengthens the quality of peer review, we are now moving to publish the exchanges between authors and reviewers for all research articles submitted from November 2022 onward and accepted for publication. Referees will still have the option to remain completely anonymous, to sign their reports, and/or to choose to be acknowledged by name as part of our reviewer recognition scheme.
Earthquakes are a natural hazard affecting millions of people globally every year. Researchers are working on understanding the mechanisms of earthquakes and how we can predict them from various angles, such as experimental work, theoretical modeling, and machine learning. We invited Marie Violay (EPFL Lausanne), Annemarie Baltay (USGS), Bertrand Rouet-Leduc (Kyoto University) and David Kammer (ETH Zürich) to discuss how such a multi-disciplinary approach can advance our understanding of Earthquakes.
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Latest Research articles
Most NIR radiation absorbers used in multi jet fusion 3D printing have an intrinsic dark color which prevents printing parts with variable colors. Here, the authors design an activating fusing agent containing a strong NIR absorbing dye that turns colorless after harvesting irradiation energy during the 3D printing process and provide a bright colored part when working with other color agents.
Animals precisely control the morphology and assembly of guanine crystals to produce diverse optical phenomena but little is known about how organisms regulate crystallization to produce optically useful morphologies. Here, the authors demonstrate that pre-assembled, fibrillar sheets in developing scallop eyes template nucleation and direct the growth and orientation of plate-like guanine crystals showing a striking resemblance to melanosome morphogenesis.
The paper presents a method that allows scaling machine learning interatomic potentials to extremely large systems, while at the same time retaining the remarkable accuracy and learning efficiency of deep equivariant models. This is obtained with an E(3)- equivariant neural network architecture that combines the high accuracy of equivariant neural networks with the scalability of local methods.
Direct regeneration of degraded lithium-ion battery cathodes with a multifunctional organic lithium salt
Sustainable recycle of spent Li ion batteries is an effective strategy to alleviate environmental concerns and support resource conservation. Here, authors report the direct regeneration of LiFePO4 cathode using multifunctional organic lithium salts, leading to high environmental and economic benefits.
A sweat-responsive covalent organic framework film for material-based liveness detection and sweat pore analysis
Covalent organic frameworks are more and more used in the design of stimuli responsive materials. Here, the authors expand the application range of COFs by demonstrating a sweat induced colour change for detection of fingerprints using a sweat responsive COF.
- Astronomy and planetary science
- Energy science and technology
- Materials science
- Mathematics and computing
- Nanoscience and technology
- Optics and photonics
Origins of Barents-Kara sea-ice interannual variability modulated by the Atlantic pathway of El Niño–Southern Oscillation
This paper finds that the winter sea-ice over the Barents-Kara Seas has exhibited strengthened interannual variations in recent decades likely due to increased amplitudes of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation in a warming climate.
Zooplankton are a critical link to higher trophic levels and play an important role in global biogeochemical cycles. This Review examines key responses of zooplankton to ocean warming, highlights key knowledge and geographic gaps that need to be addressed, and discusses how better use of observations and long-term zooplankton monitoring programmes can help fill these gaps.
Gelatinous bloom-forming zooplankton—salps—alter microbial communities and quintuple the flux of sinking particles from the surface to the deep, strongly enhancing the ability of the ocean to sequester CO2.
Here, the authors show that pre-existing equatorial waves are useful precursors to tropical cyclone occurrence and intensification up to two weeks ahead.
This study establishes that the magnitude of observed physical changes in coral reef islands over the period of recent global warming is not unprecedented, and islands have continually adjusted to environmental change over the past millennia.
- Climate sciences
- Environmental sciences
- Environmental social sciences
- Natural hazards
- Ocean sciences
- Planetary science
- Solid Earth sciences
- Space physics
Myelodysplastic syndromes are characterised by clonal haematopoiesis, with the affected cells often harbouring mutations in the TET2 gene, an important regulator of DNA methylation state. Here authors show that the same mutations are also found in NK cells, perturbing their DNA methylation pattern and cytolytic function.
SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern continue to emerge, reducing vaccine efficacy and limiting therapeutic options. Here, Chen and colleagues describe the identification and design of shark nanobodies with pansarbecovirus activity.
Alternative polyadenylation transcriptome-wide association study identifies APA-linked susceptibility genes in brain disorders
Alternative polyadenylation (APA) contributes to the post-transcriptional regulation of most human genes, yet the effects of APA are largely overlooked by conventional transcriptome-wide association studies (TWAS). Here, the authors conduct an APA-TWAS for 11 brain disorders, identifying hundreds of APA-linked disease susceptibility genes.
Cell type deconvolution in tumor spatial transcriptomics (ST) data remains challenging. Here, the authors develop Spatial Cellular Estimator for Tumors (SpaCET) to infer cell types and intercellular interactions from ST data in cancer across different platforms, with improved performance over similar methods.
Reanalysis of ribosome profiling datasets reveals a function of rocaglamide A in perturbing the dynamics of translation elongation via eIF4A
The compound Rocaglamide A (RocA) is known for repressing translation initiation. Here the authors identify a dual mode of action for RocA in blocking translation initiation and elongation via eIF4A using previous datasets and new analyses.
- Biological techniques
- Cell biology
- Chemical biology
- Computational biology and bioinformatics
- Developmental biology
- Drug discovery
- Molecular biology
- Plant sciences
- Stem cells
- Structural biology
- Systems biology
Quantifying PON1 on HDL with nanoparticle-gated electrokinetic membrane sensor for accurate cardiovascular risk assessment
Measuring proteomic subfractions of HDL can help during cardiovascular risk assessment. Here, the authors show, using a Nanoparticle-Gated Electrokinetic Membrane Sensor, the efficacy of Paroxonase 1 on HDL in its ability to diagnose cardiovascular disease compared to other commonly used methods.
The efficacy of T-cell-based cancer immunotherapies can be compromised by T cell exhaustion. Here the authors develop a human ex vivo exhaustion model and, based on a CRISPR-Cas9 screen, identify SNX9 as a regulator of T cell exhaustion, showing that SNX9 knockout is associated with improved T cell function and anti-tumor activity in preclinical cancer models.
High-depth sequencing characterization of viral dynamics across tissues in fatal COVID-19 reveals compartmentalized infection
Here, by high-resolution SARS-CoV-2 sequencing, genomic and transcriptomic analyses from tissue samples, Normandin et al. investigate viral dynamics in fatal cases of COVID-19, revealing persistent infection in distinct anatomical sites, including the heart and testis.
The currently available transgenic T cell receptor (TCR) models represent high affinity antigen-TCR interactions. Authors here present an alternative approach to target an exogenous TCR into the physiological Trac locus in the germline of mice, which uncovers that the natural genomic context for TCRs can enhance the antigen sensitivity of lower affinity TCRs and enables the physiologic range of antigen-TCR interaction and a gene dosage dependent mechanism of central tolerance.
Many genetic factors that contribute to uterine leiomyomata (UL) - the most common tumours of the female genital tract - remain to be discovered. Here, the authors conduct a UL meta-genome-wide association study, and find loci related to altered muscle tissue biology that are associated with UL.
- Health care
- Health occupations
- Medical research
- Molecular medicine
- Risk factors
- Signs and symptoms
Exposure to the Russian Internet Research Agency foreign influence campaign on Twitter in the 2016 US election and its relationship to attitudes and voting behavior
Here, using longitudinal survey and Twitter data, the authors examine the relationship between exposure to Russian Internet Research Agency activities on Twitter and voting behavior and attitudes in the 2016 US election.
The authors show that accurate information about descriptive norms can increase intentions to accept a vaccine for COVID-19. They show that these effects are largely consistent in the 23 included countries and are concentrated among people who were otherwise uncertain about accepting a vaccine.
Liu et al. used the NASA GRACE/FO missions to show that since 2019, groundwater depletion in California’s Central Valley has accelerated by 31% compared to recent droughts, and has increased by a nearly a factor of 5 compared to the 60-year average.
Using performance art to promote intergroup prosociality by cultivating the belief that empathy is unlimited
People tend to feel less empathy toward people who do not belong to their social group (outgroup members). Here, the authors show that leading people to believe that empathy is unlimited increases empathy, support for prosocial actions, and empathic behaviors toward outgroup members.
As coal is phased out, this will have an effect on mining towns. Here the authors find that in these locations ramping up energy transition metals will be more disruptive to demographic systems than ramping down coal.
Every area of science can contribute to the changes that are required for a sustainable future through the application of its fundamental discoveries. While some fields have clear paths to application, Nature Communications believes that there is great potential for utility and application to be found in, and across, all of the different disciplines that we publish.
Prostate cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease. Progression on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) to castration-resistant (CRPC), or neuroendocrine prostate cancer (NEPC), is associated with poor patient survival. This comment highlights recent evidence on the epigenetic mechanisms underlying the emergence of lineage plasticity and neuroendocrine differentiation in treatment-resistant prostate tumors.
Two new studies exploring PROTAC-mediated degradation of SMARCA2 for cancer therapy solve an apparently intractable selectivity challenge with SMARCA4 by utilising the requirement for a productive ternary complex between the protein, PROTAC and ligase complex.
Chalcogenide aerogels are receiving widespread attention due to their unique properties. Here we comment on a recent work about amorphous Na–Mn–Sn–S chalcogels featuring local structural control, and provide an outlook for the development of chalcogels and the metal-organic sulfide framework.
The development of photocatalysts is greatly hindered by false positives or non-reproducible data. Here, The authors describe the current known causes of non-reproducible results in the literature and present solutions to mitigate these false positive results.
Creative arts and digitial interventions as potential tools in prevention and recovery from the mental health consequences of adverse childhood experiences
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can harm mental health across the lifespan and reduce life expectancy. We provide a commentary of evidence on the health impacts, and how creative arts and digital interventions may support prevention and recovery.
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DNA damage and somatic mutations in mammalian cells after irradiation with a nail polish dryer
Assembly and coherent control of a register of nuclear spin qubits
Dynamic 18F-Pretomanid PET imaging in animal models of TB meningitis and human studies
Correlated evolution of social organization and lifespan in mammals