ammonia molecules and fluorine atoms excited by light are reacting with one another

Probing the activated complex of the F + Nh3 reaction via dipole-bound state

Rui Zhang and colleagues study the reaction of ammonia molecules and fluorine atoms excited by light, and experimentally capture the quantum state of the activated NH3F- complex.


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  • Research on permafrost microbial communities is crucial for predicting the response of permafrost ecosystems to climate change. Here, Kang et al. provide insights into the structure and functional potential of permafrost microbial communities by analyzing 16S rRNA gene sequence data and metagenomic data obtained from an ∼1000 km transect on the Tibetan Plateau.

    • Luyao Kang
    • Yutong Song
    • Yuanhe Yang
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Here the authors use cryo-electron tomography and sub-tomogram averaging to determine the molecular organization of RSV. The structures show that the matrix (M) protein packs as a helical-like lattice and the F glycoprotein is present as anti-parallel pairs of trimers and coordinates with the M lattice.

    • Bryan S. Sibert
    • Joseph Y. Kim
    • Elizabeth R. Wright
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Bats are remarkably tolerant to viral infections and their unique immune system, characterized by high level of tissue protection and dampened inflammatory responses, contributes to their longevity. Here authors show that the diversity of the bat antibody repertoire changes according to the body temperature and metabolic activity of the animals and higher activity directs their specificity towards eliminating damaged epithelial and endothelial cells.

    • Nia Toshkova
    • Violeta Zhelyzkova
    • Jordan D. Dimitrov
    ArticleOpen Access
  • The ability to differentiate human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) into insulin producing cells holds potential for diabetes treatments, but many of these approaches lack the complexity needed for in vitro disease modeling. Here they develop an hPSC-derived islet spheroid system, offering an experimental model to study pancreatic budding and islet morphogenesis with human cells.

    • Jia Zhao
    • Shenghui Liang
    • Timothy J. Kieffer
    ArticleOpen Access

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  • Solution processable perovskites are revolutionising the research field of direct X-ray detectors. Here, the authors discuss the opportunities, challenges, and research strategies for perovskite planar X-ray detectors.

    • Xiangyu Ou
    • Feng Gao
    CommentOpen Access
  • DNA catalysts, known as DNAzymes, have arguably been limited for decades by the lack of mechanistic information. The solution structure of the 8–17 DNAzyme reported by Wieruszekska, Pwlowicz et al. reassesses the current thinking regarding the relationship between structure, dynamic, and metal ion coordination.

    • Jessica Felice Schmuck
    • Jan Borggräfe
    • Manuel Etzkorn
    CommentOpen Access
  • Surface observations suggest that carbon may exist in Mercury’s interior. Under planetary mantle pressures and temperatures, carbon may be present as a stable diamond layer which may have important implications for the physical and chemical properties of Mercury.

    • Megan D. Mouser
    CommentOpen Access
  • Global climate policy has increasingly acknowledged the specific contributions of Indigenous Peoples. The outcome of COP 28, however, demonstrates that this acknowledgement has not shifted the conceptual foundations of dominant climate solutions, nor has it created space for Indigenous Peoples to effectively contribute. Drawing on our expertise as Indigenous scholars and practitioners, we offer four recommendations to shift climate policy and research away from these foundations towards reciprocal relationships with the natural world – strengthening it for future generations.

    • Graeme Reed
    • Angele Alook
    • Deborah McGregor
    CommentOpen Access

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