Tropical cyclone exposure is associated with increased hospitalization rates in older adults

Robbie Parks et al. use Medicare data to show that tropical cyclone exposure in the United States is associated with increased hospitalization rates for older adults from many different acute causes.

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Subjects within Physical sciences

  • Solar and wind resources are dependent on geophysical constraints. Here the authors find that solar and wind power resources can satisfy countries’ electricity demand of between 72–91% of hours, but hundreds of hours of unmet demand may occur annually.

    • Dan Tong
    • David J. Farnham
    • Steven J. Davis
    Article Open Access
  • Current carbon accounting and reporting practices remain unsystematic and incomparable, particularly for emissions along the value chain (scope 3). Here the authors present a framework to harmonize scope 3 emissions by accounting for reporting inconsistency, boundary incompleteness, and activity exclusion.

    • Lena Klaaßen
    • Christian Stoll
    Article Open Access
  • Satellite-derived chlorophyll data and Google Earth Engine (GEE) are used to introduce the first global map of coastal eutrophication potential as a GEE app. The prospects of the app being used as a global framework for eutrophication screening/monitoring are discussed.

    • Elígio de Raús Maúre
    • Genki Terauchi
    • Michael DeWitt
    Article Open Access
  • Microporous polymers become increasingly attractive as materials for the fabrication of permeable and selective gas separation membranes but separation performance is often limited by broad pore size distribution. Here, the authors design a porous polymer membrane via multi-crosslinking of miscible blends of microporous polymers enabling simultaneous high permeability and selectivity.

    • Xiuling Chen
    • Yanfang Fan
    • Nanwen Li
    Article Open Access
  • Building construction causes large material-related emissions which present a serious decarbonization challenge. Here, the authors show that the building material sector could halve emissions by increasing efficiency until 2060 but even then its emissions would be twice as high as needed to meet the 1.5 °C target.

    • Xiaoyang Zhong
    • Mingming Hu
    • Paul Behrens
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Earth and environmental sciences

  • Alterations of the mucosal microbiota, including Lactobacillus bacteria, are associated with infections caused by the fungus Candida albicans. Here, MacAlpine et al. show that some Lactobacillus strains produce a small molecule that blocks C. albicans filamentation and biofilm formation, and thus virulence, through inhibition of a fungal kinase.

    • Jessie MacAlpine
    • Martin Daniel-Ivad
    • Leah E. Cowen
    Article Open Access
  • Cell-based transcriptional reporters are an invaluable part of highthroughput screening, but many such reporters have weak or transient responses. Here, the authors describe a digitizer circuit for amplifying reporter activity, increasing sensitivity, and retaining memory of pathway activation.

    • Nicole M. Wong
    • Elizabeth Frias
    • Wilson W. Wong
    Article Open Access
  • RIPK1 is critical for normal development and cell death. Here, the authors identify a metabolic role for RIPK1 in aspartate homeostasis, as increased aspartate levels in RIPK1-deficient cells inhibits starvation-induced autophagy by ULK1.

    • Xinyu Mei
    • Yuan Guo
    • Zheng-Jiang Zhu
    Article Open Access
  • The molecular events underlying the assembly and maturation of the early pre-60S particles during eukaryotic ribosome synthesis are not well understood. Here, the authors combine yeast genetics and biochemical experiments to characterise the functions of two important players of eukaryotic ribosome biogenesis, the box C/D snoRNP snR190 and the helicase Dbp7, which both interact. They show that the snR190 snoRNA acts as a RNA chaperone that assists the structuring of the 25S rRNA during the maturation of early pre-60S particles and that Dbp7 is important for facilitating remodeling events in the peptidyl transferase center region of the 25S rRNAs during the maturation of early pre-60S particles.

    • Mariam Jaafar
    • Julia Contreras
    • Anthony K. Henras
    Article Open Access
  • Early steps of large 60S ribosomal subunit biogenesis are not well understood. Here, the authors combine biochemical experiments with protein-RNA crosslinking and mass spectrometry to show that the RNA helicase Dbp7 is key player during early 60S ribosomal assembly. Dbp7 regulates a series of events driving compaction of domain V/VI in early pre60S ribosomal particles.

    • Gerald Ryan R. Aquino
    • Philipp Hackert
    • Markus T. Bohnsack
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Biological sciences

Subjects within Health sciences

  • Current carbon accounting and reporting practices remain unsystematic and incomparable, particularly for emissions along the value chain (scope 3). Here the authors present a framework to harmonize scope 3 emissions by accounting for reporting inconsistency, boundary incompleteness, and activity exclusion.

    • Lena Klaaßen
    • Christian Stoll
    Article Open Access
  • Despite global initiatives to reach net-zero CO2 emissions, the tradeoffs of energy systems to reach that goal remain understudied. Here the authors analyze all net-zero scenarios used for the 2018 IPCC report and quantify the role of renewable energy, fuels, and emissions in attaining a zero CO2 world.

    • Julianne DeAngelo
    • Inês Azevedo
    • Steven J. Davis
    Article Open Access
  • Spectral screening can be used to monitor plant health. Here via airborne hyperspectral imaging of tree species, the authors show that spectral pathways associated with vascular pathogens can be distinguished from those linked to abiotic stress providing the potential for early detection of threatening diseases.

    • P. J. Zarco-Tejada
    • T. Poblete
    • J. A. Navas-Cortes
    Article Open Access
  • Much effort is invested in calibrating model parameters for accurate outputs, but established methods can be inefficient and generic. By learning from big dataset, a new differentiable framework for model parameterization outperforms state-of-the-art methods, produce more physically-coherent results, using a fraction of the training data, computational power, and time. The method promotes a deep integration of machine learning with process-based geoscientific models.

    • Wen-Ping Tsai
    • Dapeng Feng
    • Chaopeng Shen
    Article Open Access
  • The El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) influences the weather around the world and, therefore, has strong impacts on society. Here, the authors show that ENSO is associated with child nutrition in many countries, with warmer El Niño conditions leading to more child undernutrition in large parts of the developing world.

    • Jesse K. Anttila-Hughes
    • Amir S. Jina
    • Gordon C. McCord
    Article Open Access

Subjects within Scientific community and society

  • The logistical and practical challenges of supplying food for long-term space missions are substantial. In this comment, the authors discuss potential biotechnological approaches that could be used to aid the production of food crops in space.

    • Yongming Liu
    • Gengxin Xie
    • Maozhi Ren
    Comment Open Access
  • Single atom catalysts hold the potential to significantly impact the chemical and energy industrial sectors. This editorial introduces the state of the field along with a collection of Articles and Comments that encapsulate the ongoing efforts of the research community in this field.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is a cause of disease for millions around the world and now more than ever urgent action is required to tackle the burden of its impacts. Doing so will not only improve both life expectancy and quality of life, but will also lead to a more just and sustainable world.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Dr Audrey de Nazelle, an expert in air pollution risk assessment and exposure science at Imperial College London, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Air pollution and the associated health impacts affect millions of people around the world. In this Q&A, Professor Haikun Wang, an expert on the health risks of air pollution and climate change at Nanjing University, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Professor Denise Mauzerall, an expert in air pollution and climate change at Princeton University, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
From brain to behaviour

From brain to behaviour

On this page, we highlight some of the most exciting neuroscience papers that advance our understanding of the brain, covering neurodegeneration, neurological diseases, psychology, cognitive neuroscience, systems neuroscience, neurophysiology, neurotechnologies, computational neuroscience, and neurodevelopment.
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