Volume 9 Issue 7, July 2019

Volume 9 Issue 7

Primate vulnerability

Nonhuman primates deliver important ecological benefits to tropical ecosystems, but human-induced climate change is a growing threat to their survival. A trait-based approach is used to assess the vulnerability of 607 primate taxa to cyclones and droughts, extreme climatic events that are expected to increase or intensify in the coming decades.

See Ameca et al.

Image: Carl R. Battreall / Design Pics / Getty. Cover Design: Tulsi Voralia.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    Parties to the Paris Agreement must increase their ambition, but stringent climate policy has the potential to put sustainable development at risk. A collaborative effort is underway to identify potential trade-offs and to strengthen synergies between climate action and sustainable development.

Correspondence

Comment

  • Comment |

    Climate-smart food systems are needed to feed growing populations while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and conserving natural resources. However, to be successful, climate-smart agriculture interventions must be equitable and inclusive to overcome trade-offs with other Sustainable Development Goals.

    • Jon Hellin
    •  & Eleanor Fisher
  • Comment |

    The 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement share the purpose of creating a more resilient, productive and healthy environment for present and future generations. Nations must seize the opportunity to raise their ambition, realize synergies and minimize trade-offs.

    • Liu Zhenmin
    •  & Patricia Espinosa

Q&A

  • Q&A |

    In April 2019, the United Nations convened a Global Conference on Strengthening Synergies between the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We asked five experts to discuss the challenges in dealing with the simultaneous goals of fostering sustainable development and combatting climate change.

    • Adam Yeeles

Research Highlights

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Negative emotions around climate change may inhibit people’s capacity to affect change. New research on tourists’ perceptions of coral bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef suggests that loss associated with iconic places taps into protective sentiments and increases concern, which may encourage collective action.

    • Ross Westoby
    •  & Karen E. McNamara
  • News & Views |

    With climate change, marine species are on the move and changing in abundance. Now, research shows that the ecological impacts of climate change will differentially affect fishing communities, even within the same region.

    • Natalie C. Ban

Perspectives

  • Perspective |

    Top-down studies of climate change use climate projections and modelled impacts, whereas bottom-up assessments focus on the recent past and present vulnerability. This Perspective argues that these approaches must be integrated to address the needs of immediate adaptation decisions.

    • Declan Conway
    • , Robert J. Nicholls
    • , Sally Brown
    • , Mark G. L. Tebboth
    • , William Neil Adger
    • , Bashir Ahmad
    • , Hester Biemans
    • , Florence Crick
    • , Arthur F. Lutz
    • , Ricardo Safra De Campos
    • , Mohammed Said
    • , Chandni Singh
    • , Modathir Abdalla Hassan Zaroug
    • , Eva Ludi
    • , Mark New
    •  & Philippus Wester

Letters

  • Letter |

    Climate change is projected to directly impact fishing communities through changes to habitat for marine species. A socio-ecological approach is developed to assess fishing community exposure to climate change risk and applied to New England and Mid-Atlantic (USA) fishing communities.

    • Lauren A. Rogers
    • , Robert Griffin
    • , Talia Young
    • , Emma Fuller
    • , Kevin St. Martin
    •  & Malin L. Pinsky
  • Letter |

    Observations of the tropical Pacific exhibit an increasing zonal sea surface temperature gradient, while climate models predict the opposite. This study shows that an increased gradient is consistent with greenhouse gas warming, and that climate model discrepancies arise from cold tongue biases.

    • Richard Seager
    • , Mark Cane
    • , Naomi Henderson
    • , Dong-Eun Lee
    • , Ryan Abernathey
    •  & Honghai Zhang
  • Letter |

    Greenland Ice Sheet melt is contributing to sea-level rise; however, uncertainties exist about its future contributions. A regional climate model shows that clouds are the primary cause of this uncertainty, with melt varying significantly depending on the cloud water phase and atmospheric circulation.

    • Stefan Hofer
    • , Andrew J. Tedstone
    • , Xavier Fettweis
    •  & Jonathan L. Bamber
  • Letter |

    Climate change is causing temperature records to be broken around the world with increased frequency. Under a business-as-usual scenario new records will be set every year for 58% of the world, whilst under heavy mitigation (RCP2.6) this would occur for 14% of the world.

    • Scott B. Power
    •  & François P. D. Delage

Articles

  • Article |

    Climate threats to iconic places may arouse public concern and protective sentiment. This study shows that mass coral bleaching influenced sentiments, threat perceptions and values associated with the Great Barrier Reef and climate change attitudes in Australian and international tourists.

    • Matthew I. Curnock
    • , Nadine A. Marshall
    • , Lauric Thiault
    • , Scott F. Heron
    • , Jessica Hoey
    • , Genevieve Williams
    • , Bruce Taylor
    • , Petina L. Pert
    •  & Jeremy Goldberg
  • Article |

    Non-human primates deliver ecological processes to tropical ecosystems. In this study, a trait-based approach is used to assess the vulnerability of 607 primate taxa to cyclones and droughts, extreme climatic events that are expected to increase or intensify in the coming decades.

    • Lyubing Zhang
    • , Eric I. Ameca
    • , Guy Cowlishaw
    • , Nathalie Pettorelli
    • , Wendy Foden
    •  & Georgina M. Mace
  • Article |

    Highly mobile taxa, like birds, occupy ecosystems that lack fixed boundaries, and tracking how these spatial regimes respond to environmental change is difficult. Avian route data show the spatial regimes of Great Plains bird communities have shifted poleward and reorganized over the past 46 years.

    • Caleb P. Roberts
    • , Craig R. Allen
    • , David G. Angeler
    •  & Dirac Twidwell

Amendments & Corrections