Volume 8 Issue 4, April 2018

Volume 8 Issue 4

Focusing on mental health

Mental health is often excluded from discussions of the impacts of climate change on human well-being. In this issue we feature a collection of papers that explore different ways in which climate change can impact mental health and highlight important directions for future research.

See Clayton, Cunsolo et al. and Berry et al.

Image: Brain light / Alamy Stock Photo. Cover Design: Tulsi Voralia.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    The health impacts of climate change are being increasingly recognized, but mental health is often excluded from this discussion. In this issue we feature a collection of articles on climate change and mental health that highlight important directions for future research.

    Focus:

Comment

  • Comment |

    Awareness of the threats to mental health posed by climate change leads to questions about the potential impacts on climate scientists because they are immersed in depressing information and may face apathy, denial and even hostility from others. But they also have sources of resilience.

    • Susan Clayton

    Focus:

  • Comment |

    The new rules of the EU ETS will fundamentally change its character. The long-term cap on emissions will become a function of past and future market outcomes, temporarily puncturing the waterbed and having retroactive impacts on GHG abatement from overlapping policies.

    • Grischa Perino
  • Comment |

    China recently announced its national emissions trading scheme, advancing market-based approaches to cutting greenhouse gas emissions. Its evolution over coming years will determine whether it becomes an effective part of China’s portfolio of climate policies.

    • Frank Jotzo
    • , Valerie Karplus
    • , Michael Grubb
    • , Andreas Löschel
    • , Karsten Neuhoff
    • , Libo Wu
    •  & Fei Teng
  • Comment |

    Research on climate change mitigation tends to focus on supply-side technology solutions. A better understanding of demand-side solutions is missing. We propose a transdisciplinary approach to identify demand-side climate solutions, investigate their mitigation potential, detail policy measures and assess their implications for well-being.

    • Felix Creutzig
    • , Joyashree Roy
    • , William F. Lamb
    • , Inês M. L. Azevedo
    • , Wändi Bruine de Bruin
    • , Holger Dalkmann
    • , Oreane Y. Edelenbosch
    • , Frank W. Geels
    • , Arnulf Grubler
    • , Cameron Hepburn
    • , Edgar G. Hertwich
    • , Radhika Khosla
    • , Linus Mattauch
    • , Jan C. Minx
    • , Anjali Ramakrishnan
    • , Narasimha D. Rao
    • , Julia K. Steinberger
    • , Massimo Tavoni
    • , Diana Ürge-Vorsatz
    •  & Elke U. Weber

Research Highlights

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Permafrost soils store vast quantities of organic matter that are vulnerable to decomposition under a warming climate. Recent research finds that methane release from thawing permafrost may outpace carbon dioxide as a major contributor to global warming over the next century.

    • Elizabeth M. Herndon

Perspectives

  • Perspective |

    This Perspective reviews the literature on climate change and mental health, and advocates for a systems approach, which considers the complex set of interacting distal, intermediate and proximate factors that influence mental health risk, in future research.

    • Helen L. Berry
    • , Thomas D. Waite
    • , Keith B. G. Dear
    • , Anthony G. Capon
    •  & Virginia Murray

    Focus:

Letters

  • Letter |

    An organic carbon decomposition model, calibrated with laboratory incubations, indicates a greater production rate of CO2-C equivalents from waterlogged (compared to drained) permafrost soils, when the higher global warming potential of methane is factored in.

    • Christian Knoblauch
    • , Christian Beer
    • , Susanne Liebner
    • , Mikhail N. Grigoriev
    •  & Eva-Maria Pfeiffer
  • Letter |

    Time of reproduction may be altered as the climate changes. For seabirds, it is shown that there has not been an adjustment in timing as the climate changes and the sea surface warms. This lack of plasticity could result in a mismatch with food resources.

    • Katharine Keogan
    • , Francis Daunt
    • , Sarah Wanless
    • , Richard A. Phillips
    • , Craig A. Walling
    • , Philippa Agnew
    • , David G. Ainley
    • , Tycho Anker-Nilssen
    • , Grant Ballard
    • , Robert T. Barrett
    • , Kerry J. Barton
    • , Claus Bech
    • , Peter Becker
    • , Per-Arvid Berglund
    • , Loïc Bollache
    • , Alexander L. Bond
    • , Sandra Bouwhuis
    • , Russell W. Bradley
    • , Zofia M. Burr
    • , Kees Camphuysen
    • , Paulo Catry
    • , Andre Chiaradia
    • , Signe Christensen-Dalsgaard
    • , Richard Cuthbert
    • , Nina Dehnhard
    • , Sébastien Descamps
    • , Tony Diamond
    • , George Divoky
    • , Hugh Drummond
    • , Katie M. Dugger
    • , Michael J. Dunn
    • , Louise Emmerson
    • , Kjell Einar Erikstad
    • , Jérôme Fort
    • , William Fraser
    • , Meritxell Genovart
    • , Olivier Gilg
    • , Jacob González-Solís
    • , José Pedro Granadeiro
    • , David Grémillet
    • , Jannik Hansen
    • , Sveinn A. Hanssen
    • , Mike Harris
    • , April Hedd
    • , Jefferson Hinke
    • , José Manuel Igual
    • , Jaime Jahncke
    • , Ian Jones
    • , Peter J. Kappes
    • , Johannes Lang
    • , Magdalene Langset
    • , Amélie Lescroël
    • , Svein-Håkon Lorentsen
    • , Phil O’B. Lyver
    • , Mark Mallory
    • , Børge Moe
    • , William A. Montevecchi
    • , David Monticelli
    • , Carolyn Mostello
    • , Mark Newell
    • , Lisa Nicholson
    • , Ian Nisbet
    • , Olof Olsson
    • , Daniel Oro
    • , Vivian Pattison
    • , Maud Poisbleau
    • , Tanya Pyk
    • , Flavio Quintana
    • , Jaime A. Ramos
    • , Raül Ramos
    • , Tone Kirstin Reiertsen
    • , Cristina Rodríguez
    • , Peter Ryan
    • , Ana Sanz-Aguilar
    • , Niels M. Schmidt
    • , Paula Shannon
    • , Benoit Sittler
    • , Colin Southwell
    • , Christopher Surman
    • , Walter S. Svagelj
    • , Wayne Trivelpiece
    • , Pete Warzybok
    • , Yutaka Watanuki
    • , Henri Weimerskirch
    • , Peter R. Wilson
    • , Andrew G. Wood
    • , Albert B. Phillimore
    •  & Sue Lewis

Articles

  • Article |

    Scenarios that constrain end-of-century radiative forcing to 1.9 W m–2, and thus global mean temperature increases to below 1.5 °C, are explored. Effective scenarios reduce energy use, deploy CO2 removal measures, and shift to non-emitting energy sources.

    • Joeri Rogelj
    • , Alexander Popp
    • , Katherine V. Calvin
    • , Gunnar Luderer
    • , Johannes Emmerling
    • , David Gernaat
    • , Shinichiro Fujimori
    • , Jessica Strefler
    • , Tomoko Hasegawa
    • , Giacomo Marangoni
    • , Volker Krey
    • , Elmar Kriegler
    • , Keywan Riahi
    • , Detlef P. van Vuuren
    • , Jonathan Doelman
    • , Laurent Drouet
    • , Jae Edmonds
    • , Oliver Fricko
    • , Mathijs Harmsen
    • , Petr Havlík
    • , Florian Humpenöder
    • , Elke Stehfest
    •  & Massimo Tavoni

    Collection:

  • Article |

    Fisheries generated a total of 179 million tonnes of CO2-equivalent GHG emissions in 2011 (4% of global food production). Emissions grew by 28% between 1990 and 2011, primarily driven by increased harvests from fuel-intensive crustacean fisheries.

    • Robert W. R. Parker
    • , Julia L. Blanchard
    • , Caleb Gardner
    • , Bridget S. Green
    • , Klaas Hartmann
    • , Peter H. Tyedmers
    •  & Reg A. Watson

    Collection:

  • Article |

    Marine ecosystems and their stored carbon are threatened by warming and marine heatwaves. During a 2010–2011 heatwave, around a third of a Western Australian seagrass ecosystem suffered damage, potentially releasing 2–9 Tg CO2 in the following years.

    • A. Arias-Ortiz
    • , O. Serrano
    • , P. Masqué
    • , P. S. Lavery
    • , U. Mueller
    • , G. A. Kendrick
    • , M. Rozaimi
    • , A. Esteban
    • , J. W. Fourqurean
    • , N. Marbà
    • , M. A. Mateo
    • , K. Murray
    • , M. J. Rule
    •  & C. M. Duarte

    Collection:

Amendments & Corrections