Policy Brief

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  • High uncertainty exists in the projected climate change impacts on the Nile’s economies and water-dependent sectors. Under these uncertainties, managing the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam cooperatively and adaptively can produce economic and water management benefits for Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt.

    • Mohammed Basheer
    • Victor Nechifor
    • Julien J. Harou
    Policy Brief
  • Increasing climate ambition through 2030 will be crucial to limiting global peak temperature changes this century. Countries need to ratchet their 2030 pledges made in Glasgow to reduce temperature overshoot and consequently reduce the risks of irreversible and adverse consequences to natural and human systems.

    • Gokul Iyer
    • Yang Ou
    • Haewon McJeon
    Policy Brief
  • Reforms are required to maintain a healthy and robust flood insurance market under future climate conditions for the United States. Therefore, policymakers should implement premiums that reflect flood risk and incentivize household-level risk reduction, complemented with regional flood adaptation investments.

    • Lars T. de Ruig
    • Toon Haer
    • Jeroen C. J. H. Aerts
    Policy Brief
  • Many companies purchase renewable energy certificates to report reduced emissions, but this may not lead to actual emission reductions. We need emission accounting that is both accurate and that incentivizes companies to make impactful contributions to decarbonizing electricity grids.

    • Anders Bjørn
    • Shannon M. Lloyd
    • H. Damon Matthews
    Policy Brief
  • We find limited evidence that individual or household rebates (also called dividends) have increased public support for carbon taxes in Canada and Switzerland. In the presence of partisan and interest group conflict over climate policy, policymakers should not assume that voter support for carbon pricing will automatically increase with the inclusion of rebates.

    • Matto Mildenberger
    • Erick Lachapelle
    • Isabelle Stadelmann-Steffen
    Policy Brief
  • We find that if all countries adopt the necessary uniform global carbon tax and then return the revenues to their citizens on an equal per capita basis, it will be possible to meet a 2 °C target while also increasing wellbeing, reducing inequality and alleviating poverty. These results indicate that it is possible for a society to implement strong climate action without compromising goals for equity and development.

    • Mark Budolfson
    • Francis Dennig
    • Stéphane Zuber
    Policy Brief
  • Trade liberalization in the early 21st century increased the adaptation capacity of global food systems to climate change; further liberalization and trade facilitation could help to avoid dozens of millions being undernourished at mid-century. The global trade agenda should explicitly include climate change adaptation to achieve SDG 2 Zero Hunger.

    • Charlotte Janssens
    • Petr Havlík
    • Miet Maertens
    Policy Brief
  • Subscriptions to a free, weekly deforestation alert system available on the simple interface Global Forest Watch reduced deforestation in the protected areas and logging concessions of tropical African forests. This suggests that freely available near-real-time forest monitoring systems can help reduce emissions from deforestation if they are integrated with forest policies.

    • Fanny Moffette
    • Jennifer Alix-Garcia
    • Amy H. Pickens
    Policy Brief
  • We find that the public prefers the costs of climate action to be constant over time, irrespective of whether average costs are low or high. Policymakers interested in combating global warming should therefore introduce policies that initially rely on stable cost schedules instead of the widely discussed alternative of ramping up costs over time.

    • Michael M. Bechtel
    • Kenneth F. Scheve
    • Elisabeth van Lieshout
    Policy Brief
  • Using a multi-sector model of human and natural systems, we find that the nationwide cost from state-varying climate policy in the United States is only one-tenth higher than that of nationally uniform policy. The benefits of state-led action — leadership, experimentation and the practical reality that states implement policy more reliably than the federal government — do not necessarily come with a high economic cost.

    • Wei Peng
    • Gokul Iyer
    • David G. Victor
    Policy Brief