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  • Flooding-adaptation studies often ignore unique social, cultural and institutional drivers. Now, research illuminates the drivers that are unique versus shared across socio-cultural contexts and adaptations, which vary in ease of implementation.

    • Robyn S. Wilson
    News & Views
  • The context and motivation around adaptation are influenced by local culture and institutions. In the United States, China, Indonesia and the Netherlands, some factors (such as perceived costs) have similar influences on household adaptation to flooding, but others (such as flood experience) differ between countries.

    • Brayton Noll
    • Tatiana Filatova
    • Alessandro Taberna
  • This month, Nature Climate Change formally introduces a new content type, Policy Brief. We hope it will help to bridge the gap between researchers and policy professionals.

  • Most emissions scenarios in line with the Paris Agreement have shown a large amount of net-negative CO2 emissions during the second half of this century. A new set of scenarios expands this picture.

    • Daniel J. A. Johansson
    News & Views
  • Eastward flow in the Southern Ocean is the primary conduit between ocean basins. A comprehensive study of multi-decadal observational records and model experiments reveals that warming in the upper ocean is causing this flow to accelerate.

    • Andrew L. Stewart
    News & Views
  • We find that if all countries adopt the necessary uniform global carbon tax and then return the revenues to their citizens on an equal per capita basis, it will be possible to meet a 2 °C target while also increasing wellbeing, reducing inequality and alleviating poverty. These results indicate that it is possible for a society to implement strong climate action without compromising goals for equity and development.

    • Mark Budolfson
    • Francis Dennig
    • Stéphane Zuber
    Policy Brief
  • The remoteness and paucity of historic observations of the Southern Ocean limit understanding of the effects of climate change on circulation. Using observations, CMIP6 and eddy-resolving models, this Article shows that acceleration of its zonal flow emerged in recent decades as a result of uneven ocean warming.

    • Jia-Rui Shi
    • Lynne D. Talley
    • Wei Liu
  • Current emissions scenarios include pathways that overshoot the temperature goals set out in the Paris Agreement and rely on future net negative emissions. Limiting overshoot would require near-term investment but would result in longer-term economic benefit.

    • Keywan Riahi
    • Christoph Bertram
    • Behnam Zakeri
  • Climate policy analyses often ignore the possibility of progressive redistribution of carbon tax revenues and assume that mitigation cost will burden the poor in the short term. Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) estimation suggests such redistribution could reduce inequality, alleviate poverty and increase well-being globally.

    • Mark Budolfson
    • Francis Dennig
    • Stéphane Zuber
  • Since the Paris Agreement, the impacts of 1.5 and 2 °C global warming have been emphasized, but the rate of warming also has regional effects. A new framework of model experiments is needed to increase our understanding of climate stabilization and its impacts.

    • Andrew D. King
    • J. M. Kale Sniderman
    • Tilo Ziehn
  • Trees outside of forests are numerous and can be important carbon sinks, while also providing ecosystem services and benefits to livelihoods. New monitoring tools highlight the crucial contribution they can make to strategies for both mitigation and adaptation.

    • David L. Skole
    • Cheikh Mbow
    • Jay H. Samek
  • The authors project future rates of temporal and spatial displacement of climate and land-use in protected areas (PAs), and show that more than one-quarter of the world’s PAs are highly threatened, with particular risk to PAs across tropical moist and grassland biomes.

    • Ernest F. Asamoah
    • Linda J. Beaumont
    • Joseph M. Maina