Browse Articles

  • Letter |

    Experimental warming at a tall-grass prairie significantly altered bacteria and fungi community structure. Under climate change microbial community composition and structure are projected to be less variable due to warming-driven selection.

    • Xue Guo
    • , Jiajie Feng
    • , Zhou Shi
    • , Xishu Zhou
    • , Mengting Yuan
    • , Xuanyu Tao
    • , Lauren Hale
    • , Tong Yuan
    • , Jianjun Wang
    • , Yujia Qin
    • , Aifen Zhou
    • , Ying Fu
    • , Liyou Wu
    • , Zhili He
    • , Joy D. Van Nostrand
    • , Daliang Ning
    • , Xueduan Liu
    • , Yiqi Luo
    • , James M. Tiedje
    • , Yunfeng Yang
    •  & Jizhong Zhou
  • News & Views |

    Large-scale coastal flood risk models are evolving to include more physical processes. New research utilizing these models suggests that we face a tremendous challenge in limiting future flood risk.

    • Laurens M. Bouwer
  • Letter |

    Climate change is the main driver for future coastal flood risk in Europe. However, in the absence of increased flood protection, damages may rise by two to three orders of magnitude by the end of the century.

    • Michalis I. Vousdoukas
    • , Lorenzo Mentaschi
    • , Evangelos Voukouvalas
    • , Alessandra Bianchi
    • , Francesco Dottori
    •  & Luc Feyen
  • Letter |

    In the early twentieth century, the Arctic warmed faster than the global average. Pacific Ocean interdecadal variability, specifically wind-driven sea surface temperatures, drove the Arctic warming through enhanced heat transport.

    • Lea Svendsen
    • , Noel Keenlyside
    • , Ingo Bethke
    • , Yongqi Gao
    •  & Nour-Eddine Omrani
  • News & Views |

    On average, El Niño events have weakened and the centre of maximum sea surface temperature anomalies has shifted to the west over the past two decades. New research suggests that the strengthening of cross-equatorial winds in the eastern Pacific can cause these changes.

    • Sang-Wook Yeh
  • Letter |

    In recent years, El Niño sea surface temperature anomalies have weakened and shifted westward. Observational and model analyses reveal these changes can be related to a multidecadal strengthening of cross-equatorial winds, forced both locally and from the tropical Atlantic.

    • Shineng Hu
    •  & Alexey V. Fedorov
  • Letter |

    Rain-on-snow events pose a significant flood risk. High-resolution model simulations reveal that such events will increase in frequency in the higher elevations of western North America, resulting in a 20–200% enhancement of flood risk.

    • Keith N. Musselman
    • , Flavio Lehner
    • , Kyoko Ikeda
    • , Martyn P. Clark
    • , Andreas F. Prein
    • , Changhai Liu
    • , Mike Barlage
    •  & Roy Rasmussen
  • Perspective |

    Ambitious carbon pricing reform is needed to meet climate targets. This Perspective argues that effective revenue recycling schemes should prioritize behavioural considerations that are aimed at achieving greater political acceptance.

    • David Klenert
    • , Linus Mattauch
    • , Emmanuel Combet
    • , Ottmar Edenhofer
    • , Cameron Hepburn
    • , Ryan Rafaty
    •  & Nicholas Stern
  • Letter |

    Theory predicts that hourly rainfall extremes may increase with anthropogenic warming. Observations from Australia suggest changes two to three times above the Clausius–Clapeyron rate, above that expected from natural variability.

    • Selma B. Guerreiro
    • , Hayley J. Fowler
    • , Renaud Barbero
    • , Seth Westra
    • , Geert Lenderink
    • , Stephen Blenkinsop
    • , Elizabeth Lewis
    •  & Xiao-Feng Li
  • News & Views |

    The coincident reduction of Arctic sea ice with increasing mid-latitude wintertime extremes has motivated much research on Arctic–mid-latitude linkages. A new study reveals that projected Antarctic sea-ice loss could also impact the Southern Hemisphere mid-latitudes through perturbations to the strength and position of the westerly winds.

    • Yannick Peings
  • Comment |

    With country-specific development objectives and constraints, multiple market failures and limited international transfers, carbon prices do not need to be uniform across countries, but must be part of broader policy packages.

    • Chris Bataille
    • , Céline Guivarch
    • , Stephane Hallegatte
    • , Joeri Rogelj
    •  & Henri Waisman
  • Letter |

    Economy-wide GHG emissions reductions may negatively affect food security. Stringent mitigation policies, modelled as carbon prices, are shown to lead to an increase in production costs, food prices and the population’s risk of hunger.

    • Tomoko Hasegawa
    • , Shinichiro Fujimori
    • , Petr Havlík
    • , Hugo Valin
    • , Benjamin Leon Bodirsky
    • , Jonathan C. Doelman
    • , Thomas Fellmann
    • , Page Kyle
    • , Jason F. L. Koopman
    • , Hermann Lotze-Campen
    • , Daniel Mason-D’Croz
    • , Yuki Ochi
    • , Ignacio Pérez Domínguez
    • , Elke Stehfest
    • , Timothy B. Sulser
    • , Andrzej Tabeau
    • , Kiyoshi Takahashi
    • , Jun’ya Takakura
    • , Hans van Meijl
    • , Willem-Jan van Zeist
    • , Keith Wiebe
    •  & Peter Witzke
  • Editorial |

    It is increasingly clear that achieving the Paris Agreement goal of limiting warming to well below 2 °C will require radical decarbonization, the prospects of which have become closely tied to carbon pricing.

  • Letter |

    Individual and metapopulation models together project that—under an unabated climate change scenario—warming could reduce breeding productivity of a currently abundant songbird enough to pose a risk of quasi-extinction this century.

    • Thomas W. Bonnot
    • , W. Andrew Cox
    • , Frank R. Thompson
    •  & Joshua J. Millspaugh
  • Article |

    A 1 °C increase in monthly average temperature is associated with higher suicide rates in the United States and Mexico. Combined with comparable analysis of depressive language in US Twitter updates, these results suggest a link between higher temperatures and mental well-being.

    • Marshall Burke
    • , Felipe González
    • , Patrick Baylis
    • , Sam Heft-Neal
    • , Ceren Baysan
    • , Sanjay Basu
    •  & Solomon Hsiang
  • Perspective |

    Ocean acidification, a result of increased levels of CO2, impacts the marine environment and its biology. This Perspective presents the current understanding of the issue and highlights future directions for research.

    • Catriona L. Hurd
    • , Andrew Lenton
    • , Bronte Tilbrook
    •  & Philip W. Boyd
  • Article |

    Marine fishes exposed to elevated CO2 levels can have altered responses to sensory cues. Research now reveals a physiological and molecular mechanism in the olfactory system that helps to explain this altered behaviour under elevated CO2.

    • Cosima S. Porteus
    • , Peter C. Hubbard
    • , Tamsyn M. Uren Webster
    • , Ronny van Aerle
    • , Adelino V. M. Canário
    • , Eduarda M. Santos
    •  & Rod W. Wilson