Browse Articles

  • Article |

    The co-benefits of carbon pricing in China are investigated by a cross-scale modelling approach. The health benefits from reduced emissions and improved air quality could offset the climate policy costs.

    • Mingwei Li
    • , Da Zhang
    • , Chiao-Ting Li
    • , Kathleen M. Mulvaney
    • , Noelle E. Selin
    •  & Valerie J. Karplus
  • News & Views |

    The African continent is one of the most vulnerable regions to future climate change. Research now demonstrates that constraining anthropogenic warming to 1.5 °C instead of 2 °C will significantly lower the risk of heatwaves to inhabitants.

    • Andries C. Kruger
  • News & Views |

    Deforestation often increases land-surface and near-surface temperatures, but climate models struggle to simulate this effect. Research now shows that deforestation has increased the severity of extreme heat in temperate regions of North America and Europe. This points to opportunities to mitigate extreme heat.

    • Paul C. Stoy
  • Article |

    California recently experienced a rapid shift from multi-year drought to abundant rainfall. A large ensemble of climate model simulations suggests that the frequency of extreme wet-to-dry precipitation events will increase by 25% to 100% across California due to anthropogenic forcing.

    • Daniel L. Swain
    • , Baird Langenbrunner
    • , J. David Neelin
    •  & Alex Hall
  • News & Views |

    Those who distrust climate scientists are more likely to be skeptical of climate change and reluctant to support mitigation policies. Now research shows that scientific interest in early adolescence is associated with increased trust in climate scientists in adulthood irrespective of political ideology.

    • Gordon Gauchat
  • News & Views |

    Low soil moisture conditions can induce drought but also elevate temperatures. Detailed modelling of the drought–temperature link now shows that rising global temperature will bring drier soils and higher heatwave temperatures in Europe.

    • Adriaan J. Teuling
  • Article |

    Severe drought plagued Europe in 2003, amplifying heatwave conditions that killed more than 30,000 people. Assuming business as usual, such soil moisture deficits will become twice as frequent in the future and affect up to two-thirds of the European population.

    • L. Samaniego
    • , S. Thober
    • , R. Kumar
    • , N. Wanders
    • , O. Rakovec
    • , M. Pan
    • , M. Zink
    • , J. Sheffield
    • , E. F. Wood
    •  & A. Marx
  • Letter |

    The record hot year of 2015 in Africa had devastating impacts. The likelihood of future annual temperature extremes over Africa exceeding those of 2015 are 91% and 100% in 1.5 °C and 2 °C worlds, respectively, stressing the benefits of limiting future anthropogenic warming.

    • Shingirai Nangombe
    • , Tianjun Zhou
    • , Wenxia Zhang
    • , Bo Wu
    • , Shuai Hu
    • , Liwei Zou
    •  & Donghuan Li
  • News & Views |

    For integrated climate change research, the Scenario Matrix Architecture provides a tractable menu of possible emissions trajectories, socio-economic futures and policy environments. However, the future of decision support may lie in searchable databases.

    • Vanessa Schweizer
  • News & Views |

    There is large geographic variation in the public's views about climate change in the United States. Research now shows that climate messages can influence public beliefs about the scientific consensus on climate change, particularly in the places that are initially more skeptical.

    • Christopher Warshaw
  • Letter |

    Geographic variation in social, economic, political and climatic factors may influence public responsiveness to climate change messaging. This study shows that messages about scientific consensus have a greater influence in more conservative US states.

    • Baobao Zhang
    • , Sander van der Linden
    • , Matto Mildenberger
    • , Jennifer R. Marlon
    • , Peter D. Howe
    •  & Anthony Leiserowitz
  • Article |

    Scenarios that constrain warming to 1.5 °C currently place a large emphasis on CO2 removal. Alternative pathways involving lifestyle change, rapid electrification and reduction of non-CO2 gases could reduce the need for such negative emission technologies.

    • Detlef P. van Vuuren
    • , Elke Stehfest
    • , David E. H. J. Gernaat
    • , Maarten van den Berg
    • , David L. Bijl
    • , Harmen Sytze de Boer
    • , Vassilis Daioglou
    • , Jonathan C. Doelman
    • , Oreane Y. Edelenbosch
    • , Mathijs Harmsen
    • , Andries F. Hof
    •  & Mariësse A. E. van Sluisveld
  • Comment |

    Ambition regarding climate change at the national level is critical but is often calibrated with the projected costs — as estimated by a small suite of energy–economic models. Weaknesses in several key areas in these models will continue to distort policy design unless collectively addressed by a diversity of researchers.

    • Alexander R. Barron
  • Comment |

    China recently announced its national emissions trading scheme, advancing market-based approaches to cutting greenhouse gas emissions. Its evolution over coming years will determine whether it becomes an effective part of China’s portfolio of climate policies.

    • Frank Jotzo
    • , Valerie Karplus
    • , Michael Grubb
    • , Andreas Löschel
    • , Karsten Neuhoff
    • , Libo Wu
    •  & Fei Teng
  • Comment |

    Awareness of the threats to mental health posed by climate change leads to questions about the potential impacts on climate scientists because they are immersed in depressing information and may face apathy, denial and even hostility from others. But they also have sources of resilience.

    • Susan Clayton
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective reviews the literature on climate change and mental health, and advocates for a systems approach, which considers the complex set of interacting distal, intermediate and proximate factors that influence mental health risk, in future research.

    • Helen L. Berry
    • , Thomas D. Waite
    • , Keith B. G. Dear
    • , Anthony G. Capon
    •  & Virginia Murray
  • Comment |

    Research on climate change mitigation tends to focus on supply-side technology solutions. A better understanding of demand-side solutions is missing. We propose a transdisciplinary approach to identify demand-side climate solutions, investigate their mitigation potential, detail policy measures and assess their implications for well-being.

    • Felix Creutzig
    • , Joyashree Roy
    • , William F. Lamb
    • , Inês M. L. Azevedo
    • , Wändi Bruine de Bruin
    • , Holger Dalkmann
    • , Oreane Y. Edelenbosch
    • , Frank W. Geels
    • , Arnulf Grubler
    • , Cameron Hepburn
    • , Edgar G. Hertwich
    • , Radhika Khosla
    • , Linus Mattauch
    • , Jan C. Minx
    • , Anjali Ramakrishnan
    • , Narasimha D. Rao
    • , Julia K. Steinberger
    • , Massimo Tavoni
    • , Diana Ürge-Vorsatz
    •  & Elke U. Weber
  • Perspective |

    Climate change has a gradual influence on landscapes and ecosystems that may lead to feelings of loss for those with close ties to the natural environment. This Perspective describes existing research on ecological grief and outlines directions for future inquiry.

    • Ashlee Cunsolo
    •  & Neville R. Ellis
  • Editorial |

    The health impacts of climate change are being increasingly recognized, but mental health is often excluded from this discussion. In this issue we feature a collection of articles on climate change and mental health that highlight important directions for future research.