Browse Articles

Filter By:

  • Recent criticisms have suggested that future emissions are unlikely to lead to the warmest climate scenario available (SSP5–8.5), which has resulted in the second highest scenario (SSP3–7.0) receiving increased attention. The distinctiveness of SSP3–7.0 has not been well recognized, but it is relevant for the proper interpretation of studies that use this scenario.

    • Hideo Shiogama
    • Shinichiro Fujimori
    • Toshihiko Takemura
  • Microorganisms and their activities are as integrated in climate change science as they are in the world around us, playing key roles related to the causes, impacts and perhaps even some solutions of climate change.

  • If rapid and just transformations to low-carbon societies are to take place, citizens need to obtain the necessary knowledge and skills to critically examine and choose adequate climate policy options. An emphasis on critical climate education research and implementation is therefore required.

    • Hanne Svarstad
    • Alfredo Jornet
    • Tor A. Benjaminsen
  • Underlying net-zero GHG accounting approaches is the assumption that emissions can be balanced by removals such that their net climate effect is zero. However, CO2 removals may not be equal and opposite to CO2 emissions in their climate impact, indicating the need to consider non-CO2 effects.

    • Kirsten Zickfeld
    • Alexander J. MacIsaac
    • Sönke Zaehle
  • Fire severity is expected to increase as a result of warming. This will potentially amplify climate change due to its impact on the carbon cycle. This Review discusses ecosystem carbon loss and recovery following wildfire, and highlights where further work is needed to inform model predictions.

    • Tara Hudiburg
    • Justin Mathias
    • Laurel Lynch
    Review Article
  • The authors use experimental data from 332 sites across all major global biomes to evaluate the drivers of soil microbial respiration response to warming. They demonstrate a key role of the soil microbiome, highlighting the need to account for this in assessments of soil respiration under change.

    • Tadeo Sáez-Sandino
    • Pablo García-Palacios
    • Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo
  • It has been suggested that Antarctic ice sheets can become unstable and undergo irreversible retreat, but so far observational evidence for this mechanism is missing. Here, the authors show evidence that such an irreversible retreat occurred at Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica in the 1970s.

    • Brad Reed
    • J. A. Mattias Green
    • G. Hilmar Gudmundsson
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Funding large-scale negative emissions through a carbon market designed for traditional emission reduction strategies risks exacerbating long-term economic inequality. We suggest exploring alternative financing mechanisms that address this concern and that still ensure decarbonization at reasonable costs.

    • Pietro Andreoni
    • Johannes Emmerling
    • Massimo Tavoni
    Policy Brief
  • Climate change is expected to strengthen atmospheric jet streams. Here the authors show that the fastest upper-level jet stream winds accelerate about 2.5 times faster under climate change than average winds, which could influence aviation and severe weather events.

    • Tiffany A. Shaw
    • Osamu Miyawaki
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Negative emissions technologies at scale are seen as essential for the overall decarbonization effort to achieve the Paris Agreement targets. However, private ownership of these technologies could largely increase regional or international inequality by financing them through carbon markets.

    • Pietro Andreoni
    • Johannes Emmerling
    • Massimo Tavoni
  • The authors incorporate terrestrial biosphere models with ecological optimality theory, remote sensing and global carbon budget estimates to constrain the historical effects of CO2 on photosynthesis. They show that CO2 fertilization likely increased global photosynthesis by 13.5% between 1981 and 2020.

    • T. F. Keenan
    • X. Luo
    • S. Zhou
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Rice paddies are a source of the potent greenhouse gas methane. The authors demonstrate that a rice variety containing naturally lost function in the gene GS3 has reduced allocation of photosynthates to roots, which results in a reduction of methane emissions during growth.

    • Youngho Kwon
    • Ji-Yoon Lee
    • Choong-Min Ryu
    Brief CommunicationOpen Access
  • Forest restoration is emerging as a key climate mitigation strategy. In this study, the authors find that formalized local control and substantive involvement in rule-making are associated with synergies for carbon sequestration, biodiversity and rural livelihoods.

    • Harry W. Fischer
    • Ashwini Chhatre
    • Arun Agrawal
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Extreme weather event attribution techniques quantify anthropogenic contributions to extreme weather disasters, but recently it was argued they are not yet ready to inform decisions on loss and damage funding. Here, we assert that they can substantially help formulate allocations to impacted vulnerable countries for the most damaging extreme events.

    • Ilan Noy
    • Michael Wehner
    • Rebecca Newman
  • The impact of climate change on soil carbon remains uncertain. This study shows that soil carbon in forests increases in response to elevated CO2, but the response to warming and nitrogen deposition depends on mycorrhizal associations, indicating a trade-off between soil and plant carbon.

    • Kai Yang
    • Qian Zhang
    • G. Geoff Wang