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  • Intercity high-speed rail (HSR) can have large climate benefits with its high energy efficiency. This study explores the substitution effects of HSR on road traffic in China, which can be translated to an annual reduction of 14.76 million tons of CO2-equivalent emissions.

    • Yatang Lin
    • Yu Qin
    • Mandi Xu
    Article
  • Use of an enhanced suite of marine ecosystem models and Earth system model outputs from Phase 6 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6) reveals greater decline in mean global ocean animal biomass than previously projected under both strong-mitigation and high-emissions scenarios.

    • Derek P. Tittensor
    • Camilla Novaglio
    • Julia L. Blanchard
    Article Open Access
  • Evidence is growing on the impacts of climate change on human and natural systems. A two-step attribution approach—machine-learning-assisted literature review coupled with grid-cell-level temperature and precipitation—allows comprehensive mapping of the evidence on impacts and tentative attribution to anthropogenic influence.

    • Max Callaghan
    • Carl-Friedrich Schleussner
    • Jan C. Minx
    Article
  • Climate literacy—awareness of climate change and understanding that humans are responsible—is necessary for adaptation and mitigation. Levels of climate literacy across Africa are highly variable, with positive predictors of literacy identified, suggesting areas to target for increasing climate change literacy.

    • Nicholas P. Simpson
    • Talbot M. Andrews
    • Christopher H. Trisos
    Article
  • More than 80% of trade by volume occurs via maritime shipping, with growing pressure to reduce associated GHG emissions. The top 10 single-direction trade pairs account for nearly 20% of emissions; optimizing trade patterns could reduce emissions by 38% of current totals.

    • Xiao-Tong Wang
    • Huan Liu
    • Ke-Bin He
    Article
  • Atmospheric rivers, concentrated plumes of moisture important to extratropical precipitation, have not changed with historical warming. Model simulations suggest that this is due to the competing weakening effect of aerosols and strengthening effect of greenhouse gases, which dominates with future warming.

    • Seung H. Baek
    • Juan M. Lora
    Article
  • Local communities can play a role in helping to restore tropical peatlands by using more sustainable agricultural practices. Enhancing this role would help to address interconnected crises such as climate change, food security and environmental degradation.

    • Massimo Lupascu
    Comment
  • Small island developing states are currently faced with two significant challenges that are more onerous due to limited financial resources: adapting to increasing climate change risk and recovering from the pandemic. Debt-for-climate swaps provide an avenue for SIDS to address these challenges.

    • Adelle Thomas
    • Emily Theokritoff
    Comment
  • Nature Climate Change talks to Felipe C. Mandarino, city information coordinator within the Rio de Janeiro city government, Brazil, about building cooperation, facing data and knowledge gaps and responding to climate change in Brazilian cities.

    • Tegan Armarego-Marriott
    Q&A
  • Climate action is needed across the Global South, with just transition the central priority. Nature Climate Change spoke to Maisa Rojas, associate professor at the University of Chile, about Chile’s progress in climate governance and the challenges ahead, as well as the opportunities with COP26.

    • Lingxiao Yan
    Q&A
Tenth Anniversary

Tenth Anniversary

To celebrate the 10th anniversary of Nature Climate Change, we invited experts to highlight exciting developments of the past decade, and talk to our past and present editors about some of the remarkable papers published in the journal.
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