Fly peptides: more than meets the eye

Structural basis for translation inhibition by the glycosylated drosocin peptide

  • Timm O. Koller
  • Martino Morici
  • Daniel N. Wilson
Article

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    This themed issue presents a collection of Reviews, Perspectives and Articles that aim to reveal the molecular and chemical principles underlying phase-separated condensate formation and promote the development and use of new tools for the study of phase separation biology.

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  • Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent vascular signaling agent, but its bioavailability is limited through rapid scavenging reactions. DeMartino et al. characterize the formation and bioactivity of NO-ferroheme, a stable NO analog that forms readily, bypasses scavenging reactions and mediates NO signaling.

    • Anthony W. DeMartino
    • Laxman Poudel
    • Daniel B. Kim-Shapiro
    Article
  • Questions remain on the nature of the bioactivity of nitric oxide (NO) synthase signaling despite its wide appreciation. Here the authors describe NO-ferroheme as a vascular signaling species, whose biological activity is unrelated to the release of free nitric oxide, but allows it to travel protected to its main target guanylyl cyclase.

    • Andrei L. Kleschyov
    • Zhengbing Zhuge
    • Jon O. Lundberg
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Most miniature Cas12f nucleases have T-rich PAM specificity, restricting their targeting scopes. The cryo-EM structure of the Clostridium novyi Cas12f1 reveals the molecular basis for rare C-rich PAM recognition and enables optimization of sgRNA scaffold to improve CnCas12f1 activity.

    • Mengjiao Su
    • Fan Li
    • Quanjiang Ji
    Article
  • Detailed analysis of the structure–activity relationship for cyclin K degraders reveals diverse compounds that acquire glue activity through simultaneous binding to the CDK12 kinase pocket and engagement of several key DDB1 interfacial residues.

    • Zuzanna Kozicka
    • Dakota J. Suchyta
    • Nicolas H. Thomä
    ArticleOpen Access
  • Peptide phage display reveals a non-catalytic binding site on the intervening domain of O-GlcNAc transferase. Its roles in substrate recognition, posttranslational modification (PTM) crosstalk and nutrient response provide insight into the function of this cryptic domain.

    • Connor M. Blankenship
    • Jinshan Xie
    • Jiaoyang Jiang
    Article
    • Membrane-less organelles formed by liquid–liquid phase separation provide additional cellular compartmentalization for precise spatiotemporal regulation of biological processes. Ke Ruan, Yi Lin, Peiguo Yang and Wen Zhou report on the formation, regulation and function of biomolecular condensates, discussed at the 2023 Xiangshan Science Conference on Membrane-less Organelles.

      • Ke Ruan
      • Yi Lin
      • Wen Zhou
      Meeting Report
    • The susceptibility of nitric oxide (NO) to scavenging and oxidation limits its bioavailability and signaling role. New studies indicate that a NO–ferroheme adduct is resistant to such constraints and may serve as an alternative NO-derived signaling molecule in vasculature.

      • Emil Martin
      News & Views
    • By investigating the structure–activity relationship of molecular glue degraders that target cyclin K, we discovered that a wide range of compounds, including known kinase inhibitors, possess this gain-of-function activity. These findings provide insights that might enable more rational design and optimization of molecular glue compounds.

      Research Briefing
    • Newly developed synthetic antibodies offer the means to be used as high-affinity, conformation-specific probes to capture dynamic repertoires of neddylated cullin–RING E3 ligase complexes. This allows nonenzymatic profiling of the diverse signaling networks that are based on these active complexes.

      • Aasna L. Parui
      • Helen Walden
      News & Views
    • CAG triple-nucleotide repeats in multiple genes have been linked to various human diseases. A recent study unveils the effects of CAG repeat RNA gelation on protein translation, thereby expanding our knowledge of CAG-elicited toxicities.

      • Zhenshuo Zhu
      • Peiguo Yang
      News & Views

Chemical Biology of Microbiomes

Interspecies communication in complex microbiome environments occurs through the small molecules, peptides, and proteins produced by both the host and the microbial residents, as highlighted in this collection of recent articles from Nature Portfolio.
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