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  • Drops of dew condensing on leaves

    This themed issue presents a collection of Reviews, Perspectives and Articles that aim to reveal the molecular and chemical principles underlying phase-separated condensate formation and promote the development and use of new tools for the study of phase separation biology.

Nature Chemical Biology is a Transformative Journal; authors can publish using the traditional publishing route OR via immediate gold Open Access.

Our Open Access option complies with funder and institutional requirements.

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    • Natural products and synthetic bifunctional molecules enable the development of new chemical probes that target oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP), a key player in intracellular cholesterol homeostasis and Golgi complex integrity and a potential target for metabolic disease and cancer.

      • Po-Hsun Brian Chen
      • Jeremy M. Baskin
      News & Views
    • Identifying the protein component of calcium signaling in specific subcellular regions presents considerable challenges. Researchers have now successfully integrated calcium indicators with proximity labeling, enabling the targeting of microdomain-specific calcium signaling.

      • Yuki Ito
      • Tetsuya Takano
      News & Views
    • This Perspective proposes practical guidance to the application of AlphaFold2 for structure prediction of different classes of proteins including rigid globular proteins, intrinsically disordered proteins and alternative conformational states. The use of evaluation metrics to predict reliability of the resulting models and their integration with experimental data are also discussed.

      • Vinayak Agarwal
      • Andrew C. McShan
      Perspective
    • An in vivo chemical screen has uncovered a potential role for a tryptophan metabolite in promoting host survival during bacterial infections through modulation of ionotropic glutamate receptors. Host-directed therapies for bacterial infections offer a largely untapped approach to treatment.

      • Mollie I. Sweeney
      • David M. Tobin
      News & Views
    • Fluorogenic RNA aptamers have previously been developed to enhance RNA imaging. We determined the tertiary complex structures of a newly discovered Clivia aptamer, which exhibits a small size and a large Stokes shift. Structural insights into the fluorescence activation mechanism of Clivia build a strong foundation for its efficient use in RNA imaging.

      Research Briefing

Chemical Biology of Microbiomes

Interspecies communication in complex microbiome environments occurs through the small molecules, peptides, and proteins produced by both the host and the microbial residents, as highlighted in this collection of recent articles from Nature Portfolio.
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