Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP)
The Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) is located in the beautiful port city of Dalian, China. For the past half century, research at DICP has been focusing on the economic and scientific needs of China. The Institute has built up an impressive portfolio of achievements, principally in the fields of catalysis, chemical engineering, chemical lasers, molecular reaction dynamics, organic synthesis, and chromatography for modern analytic chemistry and biotechnology. These achievements have contributed to the economic and technological development of China.
Research at DICP is now focused on energy-related topics, and the Institute’s current development strategy is: focusing on sustainable energy research, and coordinating the multidisciplinary development of environment optimization, biotechnology, and advanced material by strengthening technological integration and innovation. DICP aims to play indispensable roles in national economy and security, and to become a leading research institute in the world.
Since its founding, DICP has produced numerous outstanding scientists and high-quality engineers, who have developed strong domestic and international reputations. A total of 26 DICP scientists have been elected to the members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), four to the members of World Academy of Sciences, and one to the member of Academia Europaea. As of September 2019, DICP has over 1,500 employees, and 1,200 graduate students.
Through the efforts of its scientists, staff, and students, scientific research capacities at DICP continue to grow, and its dedicated research programs are making a sustained impact on the field. The Institute is also improving its strategic plan, and expanding collaborations. The quality of the basic research at DICP is reflected in its number of publications in high-quality journals and the many patents and applicable technologies developed at the Institute. At the same time, DICP’s innovative research for national security has received numerous commendations. By 2019, DICP has received 93 national science and technology (S&T) awards, and more than 230 provincial-level S&T awards.
In 1999, China’s former President JIANG Zemin paid an inspection visit to DICP and encouraged the Institute to “carry out the Knowledge Innovation Program (KIP)* and make DICP a leading institution in the world.” In 2002, former President HU Jintao also visited DICP, encouraging the Institute to “continue to strive for technological and scientific advances, fully adopt the spirit of innovation, advance the Knowledge Innovation Program, generate greater progress in science,technology and human resources, and make important contributions to China’s scientific, economic, and societal development.”
DICP focuses on sustainable energy research, and coordinates the development of environment optimization, biotechnology and advanced materials in a multidisciplinary atmosphere by strengthening technological integration and innovation. DICP aims to play indispensable roles in national economy and security, and to become a leading research institute in the world.
The history of the modern Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), began on March 19th, 1949. Since then, the Institute has undergone many changes, including changes of its name, as it kept pace with the regional reorganization of research institutions and the national reorientation of research goals. Originally the Scientific Research Institute of Dalian University, the Institute was later changed to the Dalian Branch of the Northeastern Scientific Research Institute in 1950. In 1952, it was renamed the Institute of Industrial Chemistry and became an institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Institute was renamed again in 1954 and became the Institute of Petroleum. This name change reflected the urgent demand for petroleum-related research in China, due to the lack of oil in the country at that time. In 1962, the Institute’s name was changed to the Institute of Chemical Physics, given an increased emphasis on basic research, in addition to research on petroleum-related processes. Since that time, the Institute has become a multidisciplinary institution. In 1970, the Institute’s name was finally changed to the current one: the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (DICP).
Since its founding 60 years ago, DICP has spun off three separate institutions within China: the Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, the Institute of Coal Chemistry in Taiyuan, and the 42nd Institute of the Academy of the Coalition of Academic Scientific Computation (CASC) in Xiangfan.
Former directors of the Institute include 11 distinguished scientists, educators, and researchers: Bochuan Qu, Chen Dong, Dayu Zhang, Yijian Gu, Nanquan Lou, Cunhao Zhang, Quan Yuan, Boling Yang, Maicun Deng，Xinhe Bao and Tao Zhang. The present director is Zhongmin Liu.