Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Volume 618 Issue 7964, 8 June 2023

Growth factor

Coral reef fishes, such as the blenny Ecsenius stictus pictured on the cover, are diverse, abundant and grow quickly. In this week’s issue, Alexandre Siqueira and his colleagues investigate the evolutionary history of these fishes to find out how growth has shaped life on coral reefs. The researchers looked at a wide variety of species and found that evolutionary shifts nearly always gave rise to faster growth, and that these shifts occurred across the Eocene epoch some 60 million to 40 million years ago, when global temperatures were quite hot. The results suggest that warmer sea temperatures might have led to the evolution of small, fast-growing fishes, with the subsequent development of coral reefs supporting their retention.

Cover image: Victor Huertas

This Week

Top of page ⤴

News in Focus

Top of page ⤴

Books & Arts

Top of page ⤴


Top of page ⤴


Top of page ⤴


  • News & Views

    • The cultivation of oil palm is here to stay. However, a five-year study indicates that creating islands of native trees within oil-palm monocultures increases biodiversity and ecosystem functioning without notably lowering crop yields.

      • Robert Nasi
      News & Views
    • Deep reinforcement learning has been used to improve computer code by treating the task as a game — with no special knowledge needed on the part of the player. The result has already worked its way into countless programs.

      • Armando Solar-Lezama
      News & Views
    • Fifty years ago, an equation called the Black–Scholes formula revolutionized finance, leading to a rapid growth of markets and stimulating quantitatively oriented minds. But, with time, its simplicity became a liability — and yet its legacy persists.

      • Blanka N. Horvath
      News & Views
    • The development of a promising type of battery has been plagued by an issue that causes these devices to fail — lithium filaments grow in the electrolyte. An investigation of this failure mechanism could help to solve the problem.

      • Kelsey B. Hatzell
      • Maha Yusuf
      News & Views
  • Articles

    • The authors report observational evidence that, within interstellar gas, there are temperature inhomogeneities affecting only highly ionized gas and causing the abundance discrepancy problem, and provide new empirical relations for estimation of temperature and metallicity.

      • J. Eduardo Méndez-Delgado
      • César Esteban
      • Manuel Peimbert
    •  Artificial intelligence goes beyond the current state of the art by discovering unknown, faster sorting algorithms as a single-player game using a deep reinforcement learning agent. These algorithms are now used in the standard C++ sort library.

      • Daniel J. Mankowitz
      • Andrea Michi
      • David Silver
      Article Open Access
    • A unitary protocol for braiding projective non-Abelian Ising anyons in a generalized stabilizer code is implemented on a superconducting processor, allowing for verification of their fusion rules and realization of their exchange statistics.

      • T. I. Andersen
      • Y. D. Lensky
      • P. Roushan
      Article Open Access
    • Lithographically patterned perovskite nanocrystal arrays were used to determine radiation vectors from X-rays to visible light and the emission colours of the nanoparticles was used to create images of three-dimensional objects and for phase-contrast imaging.

      • Luying Yi
      • Bo Hou
      • Xiaogang Liu
      Article Open Access
    • Analysis of dendrite initiation, owing to filling of pores with lithium by means of microcracks, and propagation, caused by wedge opening, shows that there are two separate processes during dendrite failure of lithium metal solid-state batteries.

      • Ziyang Ning
      • Guanchen Li
      • Peter G. Bruce
    • The chemoselective and enantioconvergent N-alkylation of aliphatic amines, including ammonia, is achieved using chiral tridentate anionic ligands and a copper catalyst; the method shows excellent enantioselectivity and functional-group tolerance.

      • Ji-Jun Chen
      • Jia-Heng Fang
      • Xin-Yuan Liu
    • The enantioconvergent alkylation of oxygen nucleophiles is achieved using α-haloamides and a readily available copper catalyst, and the reaction proceeds under mild conditions in the presence of a wide variety of functional groups.

      • Caiyou Chen
      • Gregory C. Fu
    • A large-scale, five-year study in Indonesia finds that enriching oil palm-dominated landscapes with patches of trees bolsters biodiversity and ecosystem functioning without impairing oil palm yields but should not replace forest protection.

      • Delphine Clara Zemp
      • Nathaly Guerrero-Ramirez
      • Holger Kreft
      Article Open Access
    • The high global temperatures of the Eocene and subsequent habitat reconfigurations might have been critical for the rise and retention of the highly productive, high-turnover fish faunas that characterize modern coral reef ecosystems.

      • Alexandre C. Siqueira
      • Helen F. Yan
      • David R. Bellwood
    • A study examining bacterial gene expression in human-derived samples identifies a gene encoding a small RNA and describes how it orchestrates the transition between chronic and acute infection in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

      • Pengbo Cao
      • Derek Fleming
      • Marvin Whiteley
      Article Open Access
    • The switch from glucose- to fatty acid-dependent metabolism in cardiomyocytes of newborn mice is governed by γ-linolenic acid in maternal milk, which binds to retinoid X receptors, thereby causing a transcription-dependent metabolic transition.

      • Ana Paredes
      • Raquel Justo-Méndez
      • Mercedes Ricote
    • Remote tumours cause liver dysfunction by releasing extracellular vesicles and particles containing palmitic acid, which induces TNF signalling in Kupffer cells, resulting in inflammation, fatty deposits and metabolic dysregulation, thus both reducing the efficacy and increasing the toxicity of chemotherapies.

      • Gang Wang
      • Jianlong Li
      • David Lyden
    • We model occult preneoplasia by biallelic inactivation of TP53, a common early event in gastric cancer, in human gastric organoids, the results implying predictability in the earliest stages of tumorigenesis.

      • Kasper Karlsson
      • Moritz J. Przybilla
      • Christina Curtis
      Article Open Access
    • The membrane-shaping protein ARL6IP1 is involved in the selective degradation of the endoplasmic reticulum, and this process depends on its ubiquitination and interaction with other membrane-shaping proteins such as FAM134B.

      • Hector Foronda
      • Yangxue Fu
      • Christian A. Hübner
      Article Open Access
    • We report the cryo-electron microscopy structure of native pre-60S particles trapped in the channel of the yeast nuclear pore complex, suggesting a translocation model for the export of pre-60S particles through the complex.

      • Zongqiang Li
      • Shuaijiabin Chen
      • Sen-Fang Sui
  • Matters Arising

Top of page ⤴

Amendments & Corrections

Top of page ⤴

Nature Outlook

  • Tobacco smoking places an enormous burden on global health — around 14% of all deaths in 2019 were attributed to this habit.

    Nature Outlook
Top of page ⤴
Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links