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Volume 598 Issue 7881, 21 October 2021

Climate clean-up

The cover shows a coal field and open-cast mining near Ordos. With the COP 26 UN Climate Change Conference set to begin in Glasgow, UK, on 31 October, all eyes are focused on whether nations can agree on how to advance the faltering fight against the effects of climate change. In this week’s issue, Nature looks at how well the various efforts are working — and what more needs to be done.

Source image: Markus Sepperer/Anzenberger/eyevine

This Week

News in Focus

Books & Arts

Opinion

Work

Research

    News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Finding a treatment for dengue, the most prevalent mosquito-borne viral disease in humans, has been difficult. A compound called JNJ-A07 displays promising activity against dengue virus in mouse models of infection.

    • Scott B. Biering
    • Eva Harris
  • News & Views |

    A set of electromagnets has been used to move metal objects without touching them, even though the objects are not magnetic. This method could potentially be used like a ‘tractor beam’ to move hazardous objects in space.

    • Eric Diller
  • News & Views |

    High-throughput analyses of how sleeping fruit flies respond to a variety of odours show that the brains of these insects continue to process the value of the signals conveyed by sensory information during sleep.

    • Wanhe Li
    • Alex C. Keene
  • Articles

  • Article |

    A study shows that rhombohedral graphene is an ideal platform for well-controlled tests of many-body theory and reveals that magnetism in moiré materials is fundamentally itinerant in nature.

    • Haoxin Zhou
    • Tian Xie
    • Andrea F. Young
  • Article |

    Superconductivity is observed in rhombohedral trilayer graphene in the absence of a moiré superlattice, with two distinct superconducting states both occurring at a symmetry-breaking transition where the Fermi surface degeneracy changes.

    • Haoxin Zhou
    • Tian Xie
    • Andrea F. Young
  • Article |

    A metallaphotoredox-based cross-coupling platform is capable of activating a wide range of free alcohols using N-heterocyclic carbene salts, cleaving C–O bonds to form free carbon radicals that are then used to form new C–C bonds.

    • Zhe Dong
    • David W. C. MacMillan
  • Article |

    New proxy data for ocean pH and an ocean–atmosphere model show that a radically different ocean circulation led to decoupling of ocean productivity and upwelling in the equatorial Pacific Ocean 3–6 million years ago.

    • Madison G. Shankle
    • Natalie J. Burls
    • Pincelli M. Hull
  • Article |

    Preliminary modelling of airborne microplastics suggests that they may be exerting a minor cooling influence on the present-day atmosphere, and continued production could have increasing effects on the climate system in future.

    • Laura E. Revell
    • Peter Kuma
    • Sally Gaw
  • Article | | Open Access

    Three key axes of variation of ecosystem functional changes and their underlying causes are identified from a dataset of surface gas exchange measurements across major terrestrial biomes and climate zones.

    • Mirco Migliavacca
    • Talie Musavi
    • Markus Reichstein
  • Article |

    Whole-genome sequencing analysis of somatic mutations in liver samples from patients with chronic liver disease identifies driver mutations in metabolism-related genes such as FOXO1, and shows that these variants frequently exhibit convergent evolution.

    • Stanley W. K. Ng
    • Foad J. Rouhani
    • Peter J. Campbell
  • Article |

    Studies in mice, humans and macaques show that retinoic acid signalling has an important role in the development of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in primates and may also underlie the evolutionary diversification of the PFC.

    • Mikihito Shibata
    • Kartik Pattabiraman
    • Nenad Sestan
  • Article |

    Crystal structures of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) glycoprotein E2 in complex with CD81 reveal the conformational changes that occur in E2 after binding of CD81 and the effects of pH on binding affinity.

    • Ashish Kumar
    • Reafa A. Hossain
    • Joseph Marcotrigiano

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