Volume 569 Issue 7754, 2 May 2019

Feeling the heat

As global warming grips the planet, researchers hope to help guide conservation efforts by investigating which ecosystems and species are likely to be most severely affected by rising temperatures. In this week’s issue, Malin Pinsky and his colleagues assess 387 species of cold-blooded organisms for their sensitivity to climate change — and find that marine creatures are more vulnerable than terrestrial species. The researchers calculated the thermal safety margin — the difference between the maximum temperature that an organism can tolerate and the maximum temperature it experiences — for each of the 299 terrestrial and 88 marine species in the study. On land, the species most at risk were found in the mid-latitudes but in the oceans, they were at the tropics. The team suggests that the greater vulnerability of marine species is already taking its toll because local extinctions at the warm edges of species’ ranges are already twice as common in the ocean as they are on land.

Cover image: Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), Paulo Oliveira/Alamy

This Week

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    News & Views

  • News & Views |

    A robust computational approach with added finesse provides evidence to support the view that the Sino-Tibetan languages arose in northern China and began to split into branches about 5,900 years ago.

    • Randy J. LaPolla
  • News & Views |

    The neutron-rich nickel nucleus 78Ni is difficult to excite and, once excited, has competing spherical and deformed shapes. These intriguing properties make 78Ni a valuable testing ground for nuclear theory.

    • Gaute Hagen
    •  & Thomas Papenbrock
  • News & Views |

    How Nature reported evidence of geological activity on the Moon in 1969, and the crippling effects of a freak snowstorm in 1919.

  • News & Views |

    The impact of climate change on biodiversity is a pressing concern. A study now combines experimental data with careful modelling to compare the vulnerability to warming of animal species on land and in the ocean.

    • Anthony J. Richardson
    •  & David S. Schoeman
  • Articles

  • Article |

    A spectroscopic study of 78Ni confirms its doubly magic nature and reveals it as a stronghold beyond which the magic numbers 28 and 50 break down because of competing deformation.

    • R. Taniuchi
    • , C. Santamaria
    • , P. Doornenbal
    • , A. Obertelli
    • , K. Yoneda
    • , G. Authelet
    • , H. Baba
    • , D. Calvet
    • , F. Château
    • , A. Corsi
    • , A. Delbart
    • , J.-M. Gheller
    • , A. Gillibert
    • , J. D. Holt
    • , T. Isobe
    • , V. Lapoux
    • , M. Matsushita
    • , J. Menéndez
    • , S. Momiyama
    • , T. Motobayashi
    • , M. Niikura
    • , F. Nowacki
    • , K. Ogata
    • , H. Otsu
    • , T. Otsuka
    • , C. Péron
    • , S. Péru
    • , A. Peyaud
    • , E. C. Pollacco
    • , A. Poves
    • , J.-Y. Roussé
    • , H. Sakurai
    • , A. Schwenk
    • , Y. Shiga
    • , J. Simonis
    • , S. R. Stroberg
    • , S. Takeuchi
    • , Y. Tsunoda
    • , T. Uesaka
    • , H. Wang
    • , F. Browne
    • , L. X. Chung
    • , Z. Dombradi
    • , S. Franchoo
    • , F. Giacoppo
    • , A. Gottardo
    • , K. Hadyńska-Klęk
    • , Z. Korkulu
    • , S. Koyama
    • , Y. Kubota
    • , J. Lee
    • , M. Lettmann
    • , C. Louchart
    • , R. Lozeva
    • , K. Matsui
    • , T. Miyazaki
    • , S. Nishimura
    • , L. Olivier
    • , S. Ota
    • , Z. Patel
    • , E. Şahin
    • , C. Shand
    • , P.-A. Söderström
    • , I. Stefan
    • , D. Steppenbeck
    • , T. Sumikama
    • , D. Suzuki
    • , Z. Vajta
    • , V. Werner
    • , J. Wu
    •  & Z. Y. Xu
  • Article |

    Multiple observational datasets and reconstructions using data from tree rings confirm that human activities were probably affecting the worldwide risk of droughts as early as at the beginning of the twentieth century.

    • Kate Marvel
    • , Benjamin I. Cook
    • , Céline J. W. Bonfils
    • , Paul J. Durack
    • , Jason E. Smerdon
    •  & A. Park Williams
  • Article |

    Single-cell-based imaging and sequencing approaches are used to characterize organoid development and the intestinal regeneration process, which is driven by transient activation of YAP1.

    • Denise Serra
    • , Urs Mayr
    • , Andrea Boni
    • , Ilya Lukonin
    • , Markus Rempfler
    • , Ludivine Challet Meylan
    • , Michael B. Stadler
    • , Petr Strnad
    • , Panagiotis Papasaikas
    • , Dario Vischi
    • , Annick Waldt
    • , Guglielmo Roma
    •  & Prisca Liberali
  • Article |

    The lipid transporter FATP2 reprograms neutrophils to polymorphonuclear myeloid-derived suppressor cells by mediating the uptake of arachidonic acid and promoting the synthesis of prostaglandin E2.

    • Filippo Veglia
    • , Vladimir A. Tyurin
    • , Maria Blasi
    • , Alessandra De Leo
    • , Andrew V. Kossenkov
    • , Laxminarasimha Donthireddy
    • , Tsun Ki Jerrick To
    • , Zach Schug
    • , Subhasree Basu
    • , Fang Wang
    • , Emanuela Ricciotti
    • , Concetta DiRusso
    • , Maureen E. Murphy
    • , Robert H. Vonderheide
    • , Paul M. Lieberman
    • , Charles Mulligan
    • , Brian Nam
    • , Neil Hockstein
    • , Gregory Masters
    • , Michael Guarino
    • , Cindy Lin
    • , Yulia Nefedova
    • , Paul Black
    • , Valerian E. Kagan
    •  & Dmitry I. Gabrilovich
  • Article |

    Identification of the changes that converted a transposase to a recombinase sheds light on the evolution of the vertebrate adaptive immune system.

    • Yuhang Zhang
    • , Tat Cheung Cheng
    • , Guangrui Huang
    • , Qingyi Lu
    • , Marius D. Surleac
    • , Jeffrey D. Mandell
    • , Pierre Pontarotti
    • , Andrei J. Petrescu
    • , Anlong Xu
    • , Yong Xiong
    •  & David G. Schatz
  • Letters

  • Letter |

    Evidence is found for phase-tunable Majorana zero modes in scalable two-dimensional Josephson junctions produced by top-down fabrication.

    • Antonio Fornieri
    • , Alexander M. Whiticar
    • , F. Setiawan
    • , Elías Portolés
    • , Asbjørn C. C. Drachmann
    • , Anna Keselman
    • , Sergei Gronin
    • , Candice Thomas
    • , Tian Wang
    • , Ray Kallaher
    • , Geoffrey C. Gardner
    • , Erez Berg
    • , Michael J. Manfra
    • , Ady Stern
    • , Charles M. Marcus
    •  & Fabrizio Nichele
  • Letter |

    Majorana bound states are created in a two-dimensional architecture by confining Majorana channels within a planar Josephson junction, using the phase difference across the junction and an in-plane magnetic field.

    • Hechen Ren
    • , Falko Pientka
    • , Sean Hart
    • , Andrew T. Pierce
    • , Michael Kosowsky
    • , Lukas Lunczer
    • , Raimund Schlereth
    • , Benedikt Scharf
    • , Ewelina M. Hankiewicz
    • , Laurens W. Molenkamp
    • , Bertrand I. Halperin
    •  & Amir Yacoby
  • Letter |

    Bulk metallic glasses made from alloys of iridium, nickel, tantalum and boron are developed by combinatorial methods, with higher strength at high temperature than those previously produced.

    • Ming-Xing Li
    • , Shao-Fan Zhao
    • , Zhen Lu
    • , Akihiko Hirata
    • , Ping Wen
    • , Hai-Yang Bai
    • , MingWei Chen
    • , Jan Schroers
    • , YanHui Liu
    •  & Wei-Hua Wang
  • Letter |

    Comparisons across terrestrial and marine ectotherms reveal that marine species experience temperatures closer to their upper thermal limits, and that local extirpations related to warming are more common in the ocean.

    • Malin L. Pinsky
    • , Anne Maria Eikeset
    • , Douglas J. McCauley
    • , Jonathan L. Payne
    •  & Jennifer M. Sunday
  • Letter |

    Single-cell transcriptome profiling reveals the presence in the intestinal crypt of revival stem cells, which give rise to crypt-base columnar cells and are essential for repair of the intestinal epithelium following injury.

    • Arshad Ayyaz
    • , Sandeep Kumar
    • , Bruno Sangiorgi
    • , Bibaswan Ghoshal
    • , Jessica Gosio
    • , Shaida Ouladan
    • , Mardi Fink
    • , Seda Barutcu
    • , Daniel Trcka
    • , Jess Shen
    • , Kin Chan
    • , Jeffrey L. Wrana
    •  & Alex Gregorieff
  • Letter |

    Immune responses in the gut and associated draining lymph nodes differ between tolerogenic and inflammatory depending on their anatomical location.

    • Daria Esterházy
    • , Maria C. C. Canesso
    • , Luka Mesin
    • , Paul A. Muller
    • , Tiago B. R. de Castro
    • , Ainsley Lockhart
    • , Mahmoud ElJalby
    • , Ana M. C. Faria
    •  & Daniel Mucida
  • Letter |

    A systematic proteomic investigation of disease mediators secreted by pancreatic stellate cells identifies leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) as a key factor that acts on cancer cells, promoting tumour progression and chemoresistance.

    • Yu Shi
    • , Weina Gao
    • , Nikki K. Lytle
    • , Peiwu Huang
    • , Xiao Yuan
    • , Amanda M. Dann
    • , Maya Ridinger-Saison
    • , Kathleen E. DelGiorno
    • , Corina E. Antal
    • , Gaoyang Liang
    • , Annette R. Atkins
    • , Galina Erikson
    • , Huaiyu Sun
    • , Jill Meisenhelder
    • , Elena Terenziani
    • , Gyunghwi Woo
    • , Linjing Fang
    • , Thom P. Santisakultarm
    • , Uri Manor
    • , Ruilian Xu
    • , Carlos R. Becerra
    • , Erkut Borazanci
    • , Daniel D. Von Hoff
    • , Paul M. Grandgenett
    • , Michael A. Hollingsworth
    • , Mathias Leblanc
    • , Sarah E. Umetsu
    • , Eric A. Collisson
    • , Miriam Scadeng
    • , Andrew M. Lowy
    • , Timothy R. Donahue
    • , Tannishtha Reya
    • , Michael Downes
    • , Ronald M. Evans
    • , Geoffrey M. Wahl
    • , Tony Pawson
    • , Ruijun Tian
    •  & Tony Hunter

Amendments & Corrections

  • Publisher Correction |

    • Ann Carine Vandaele
    • , Oleg Korablev
    • , Frank Daerden
    • , Shohei Aoki
    • , Ian R. Thomas
    • , Francesca Altieri
    • , Miguel López-Valverde
    • , Geronimo Villanueva
    • , Giuliano Liuzzi
    • , Michael D. Smith
    • , Justin T. Erwin
    • , Loïc Trompet
    • , Anna A. Fedorova
    • , Franck Montmessin
    • , Alexander Trokhimovskiy
    • , Denis A. Belyaev
    • , Nikolay I. Ignatiev
    • , Mikhail Luginin
    • , Kevin S. Olsen
    • , Lucio Baggio
    • , Juan Alday
    • , Jean-Loup Bertaux
    • , Daria Betsis
    • , David Bolsée
    • , R. Todd Clancy
    • , Edward Cloutis
    • , Cédric Depiesse
    • , Bernd Funke
    • , Maia Garcia-Comas
    • , Jean-Claude Gérard
    • , Marco Giuranna
    • , Francisco Gonzalez-Galindo
    • , Alexey V. Grigoriev
    • , Yuriy S. Ivanov
    • , Jacek Kaminski
    • , Ozgur Karatekin
    • , Franck Lefèvre
    • , Stephen Lewis
    • , Manuel López-Puertas
    • , Arnaud Mahieux
    • , Igor Maslov
    • , Jon Mason
    • , Michael J. Mumma
    • , Lori Neary
    • , Eddy Neefs
    • , Andrey Patrakeev
    • , Dmitry Patsaev
    • , Bojan Ristic
    • , Séverine Robert
    • , Frédéric Schmidt
    • , Alexey Shakun
    • , Nicholas A. Teanby
    • , Sébastien Viscardy
    • , Yannick Willame
    • , James Whiteway
    • , Valérie Wilquet
    • , Michael J. Wolff
    • , Giancarlo Bellucci
    • , Manish R. Patel
    • , Jose-Juan López-Moreno
    • , François Forget
    • , Colin F. Wilson
    • , Roland Young
    • , Håkan Svedhem
    • , Jorge L. Vago
    • , Daniel Rodionov
    • , Ann Carine Vandaele
    • , Jose-Juan López-Moreno
    • , Giancarlo Bellucci
    • , Manish R. Patel
    • , Gustavo Alonso-Rodrigo
    • , Shohei Aoki
    • , Francesca Altieri
    • , Sophie Bauduin
    • , David Bolsée
    • , Giacomo Carrozzo
    • , R. Todd Clancy
    • , Edward Cloutis
    • , Matteo Crismani
    • , Frank Daerden
    • , Fabiana Da Pieve
    • , Emiliano D’Aversa
    • , Cédric Depiesse
    • , Justin T. Erwin
    • , Giuseppe Etiope
    • , Anna A. Fedorova
    • , Bernd Funke
    • , Didier Fussen
    • , Maia Garcia-Comas
    • , Anna Geminale
    • , Jean-Claude Gérard
    • , Marco Giuranna
    • , Leo Gkouvelis
    • , Francisco Gonzalez-Galindo
    • , James Holmes
    • , Benoît Hubert
    • , Nicolay I. Ignatiev
    • , Jacek Kaminski
    • , Ozgur Karatekin
    • , Yasumasa Kasaba
    • , David Kass
    • , Armin Kleinböhl
    • , Orietta Lanciano
    • , Franck Lefèvre
    • , Stephen Lewis
    • , Giuliano Liuzzi
    • , Manuel López-Puertas
    • , Miguel López-Valverde
    • , Arnaud Mahieux
    • , Jon Mason
    • , Michael J. Mumma
    • , Hiromu Nakagawa
    • , Lori Neary
    • , Eddy Neefs
    • , Robert E. Novak
    • , Fabrizio Oliva
    • , Arianna Piccialli
    • , Etienne Renotte
    • , Birgit Ritter
    • , Séverine Robert
    • , Frédéric Schmidt
    • , Nick Schneider
    • , Giuseppe Sindoni
    • , Michael D. Smith
    • , Nicholas A. Teanby
    • , Ed Thiemann
    • , Ian R. Thomas
    • , Alexander Trokhimovskiy
    • , Loïc Trompet
    • , Jean Vander Auwera
    • , Geronimo Villanueva
    • , Sébastien Viscardy
    • , James Whiteway
    • , Valerie Wilquet
    • , Yannick Willame
    • , Michael J. Wolff
    • , Paulina Wolkenberg
    • , Roger Yelle
    • , Juan Alday
    • , Francesca Altieri
    • , Konstantin Anufreychik
    • , Gabriele Arnold
    • , Lucio Baggio
    • , Denis A. Belyaev
    • , Jean-Loup Bertaux
    • , Natalia Duxbury
    • , Anna A. Fedorova
    • , François Forget
    • , Thierry Fouchet
    • , Davide Grassi
    • , Alexey V. Grigoriev
    • , Sandrine Guerlet
    • , Paul Hartogh
    • , Nikolay I. Ignatiev
    • , Yasumasa Kasaba
    • , Igor Khatuntsev
    • , Nikita Kokonkov
    • , Oleg Korablev
    • , Vladimir Krasnopolsky
    • , Ruslan Kuzmin
    • , Gaétan Lacombe
    • , Franck Lefèvre
    • , Emmanuel Lellouch
    • , Miguel López-Valverde
    • , Igor Maslov
    • , Mikhail Luginin
    • , Anni Määttänen
    • , Emmanuel Marcq
    • , Javier Martin-Torres
    • , Alexander Medvedev
    • , Ehouarn Millour
    • , Franck Montmessin
    • , Boris Moshkin
    • , Kevin S. Olsen
    • , Manish R. Patel
    • , Andrey Patrakeev
    • , Dmitry Patsaev
    • , Cathy Quantin-Nataf
    • , Daniel Rodionov
    • , Alexander Rodin
    • , Alexey Shakun
    • , Valery Shematovich
    • , Ian R. Thomas
    • , Nicolas Thomas
    • , Alexander Trokhimovsky
    • , Luis Vazquez
    • , Matthieu Vincendon
    • , Valérie Wilquet
    • , Colin F. Wilson
    • , Ludmila Zasova
    • , Lev Zelenyi
    •  & Maria Paz Zorzano
  • Publisher Correction |

    • Oleg Korablev
    • , Ann Carine Vandaele
    • , Franck Montmessin
    • , Anna A. Fedorova
    • , Alexander Trokhimovskiy
    • , François Forget
    • , Franck Lefèvre
    • , Frank Daerden
    • , Ian R. Thomas
    • , Loïc Trompet
    • , Justin T. Erwin
    • , Shohei Aoki
    • , Séverine Robert
    • , Lori Neary
    • , Sébastien Viscardy
    • , Alexey V. Grigoriev
    • , Nikolay I. Ignatiev
    • , Alexey Shakun
    • , Andrey Patrakeev
    • , Denis A. Belyaev
    • , Jean-Loup Bertaux
    • , Kevin S. Olsen
    • , Lucio Baggio
    • , Juan Alday
    • , Yuriy S. Ivanov
    • , Bojan Ristic
    • , Jon Mason
    • , Yannick Willame
    • , Cédric Depiesse
    • , Laszlo Hetey
    • , Sophie Berkenbosch
    • , Roland Clairquin
    • , Claudio Queirolo
    • , Bram Beeckman
    • , Eddy Neefs
    • , Manish R. Patel
    • , Giancarlo Bellucci
    • , Jose-Juan López-Moreno
    • , Colin F. Wilson
    • , Giuseppe Etiope
    • , Lev Zelenyi
    • , Håkan Svedhem
    • , Jorge L. Vago
    • , Gustavo Alonso-Rodrigo
    • , Francesca Altieri
    • , Konstantin Anufreychik
    • , Gabriele Arnold
    • , Sophie Bauduin
    • , David Bolsée
    • , Giacomo Carrozzo
    • , R. Todd Clancy
    • , Edward Cloutis
    • , Matteo Crismani
    • , Fabiana Da Pieve
    • , Emiliano D’Aversa
    • , Natalia Duxbury
    • , Therese Encrenaz
    • , Thierry Fouchet
    • , Bernd Funke
    • , Didier Fussen
    • , Maia Garcia-Comas
    • , Jean-Claude Gérard
    • , Marco Giuranna
    • , Leo Gkouvelis
    • , Francisco Gonzalez-Galindo
    • , Davide Grassi
    • , Sandrine Guerlet
    • , Paul Hartogh
    • , James Holmes
    • , Benoît Hubert
    • , Jacek Kaminski
    • , Ozgur Karatekin
    • , Yasumasa Kasaba
    • , David Kass
    • , Igor Khatuntsev
    • , Armin Kleinböhl
    • , Nikita Kokonkov
    • , Vladimir Krasnopolsky
    • , Ruslan Kuzmin
    • , Gaétan Lacombe
    • , Orietta Lanciano
    • , Emmanuel Lellouch
    • , Stephen Lewis
    • , Mikhail Luginin
    • , Giuliano Liuzzi
    • , Manuel López-Puertas
    • , Miguel López-Valverde
    • , Anni Määttänen
    • , Arnaud Mahieux
    • , Emmanuel Marcq
    • , Javier Martin-Torres
    • , Igor Maslov
    • , Alexander Medvedev
    • , Ehouarn Millour
    • , Boris Moshkin
    • , Michael J. Mumma
    • , Hiromu Nakagawa
    • , Robert E. Novak
    • , Fabrizio Oliva
    • , Dmitry Patsaev
    • , Arianna Piccialli
    • , Cathy Quantin-Nataf
    • , Etienne Renotte
    • , Birgit Ritter
    • , Alexander Rodin
    • , Frédéric Schmidt
    • , Nick Schneider
    • , Valery Shematovich
    • , Michael D. Smith
    • , Nicholas A. Teanby
    • , Ed Thiemann
    • , Nicolas Thomas
    • , Jean Vander Auwera
    • , Luis Vazquez
    • , Geronimo Villanueva
    • , Matthieu Vincendon
    • , James Whiteway
    • , Valérie Wilquet
    • , Michael J. Wolff
    • , Paulina Wolkenberg
    • , Roger Yelle
    • , Roland Young
    • , Ludmila Zasova
    •  & Maria Paz Zorzano
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