Comment

  • Comment |

    Using artificial intelligence to predict outbursts of violence and probe their causes could save lives, argue Weisi Guo, Kristian Gleditsch and Alan Wilson.

    • Weisi Guo
    • , Kristian Gleditsch
    •  & Alan Wilson
  • Comment |

    Sand-grain-sized computers, self-healing materials and constellations of craft would reboot our reach, explain Igor Levchenko, Michael Keidar and colleagues.

    • Igor Levchenko
    • , Michael Keidar
    • , Jim Cantrell
    • , Yue-Liang Wu
    • , Hitoshi Kuninaka
    • , Kateryna Bazaka
    •  & Shuyan Xu
  • Comment |

    Three examples show how public participation in research can be extended at every step of the process to generate useful knowledge.

    • Gary Hickey
    • , Tessa Richards
    •  & Jeff Sheehy
  • Comment |

    To assess whether research is relevant to society, ask the stakeholders, say Catherine Durose, Liz Richardson and Beth Perry.

    • Catherine Durose
    • , Liz Richardson
    •  & Beth Perry
  • Comment |

    Confusion about mesenchymal stem cells is making it easier for people to sell unproven treatments, warn Douglas Sipp, Pamela G. Robey and Leigh Turner.

    • Douglas Sipp
    • , Pamela G. Robey
    •  & Leigh Turner
  • Comment |

    Track connections between hurricanes, wildfires, climate change and other risks, urge Amir AghaKouchak and colleagues.

    • Amir AghaKouchak
    • , Laurie S. Huning
    • , Felicia Chiang
    • , Mojtaba Sadegh
    • , Farshid Vahedifard
    • , Omid Mazdiyasni
    • , Hamed Moftakhari
    •  & Iman Mallakpour
  • Comment |

    To highlight uncertain norms in authorship, John P. A. Ioannidis, Richard Klavans and Kevin W. Boyack identified the most prolific scientists of recent years.

    • John P. A. Ioannidis
    • , Richard Klavans
    •  & Kevin W. Boyack
  • Comment |

    A worldwide monitoring and modelling network would reduce the dramatic toll of air pollution on health and food production, urge Rajesh Kumar and colleagues.

    • Rajesh Kumar
    • , Vincent-Henri Peuch
    • , James H. Crawford
    •  & Guy Brasseur
  • Comment |

    Jessica K. Polka and colleagues call on journals to sign a pledge to make reviewers’ anonymous comments part of the official scientific record.

    • Jessica K. Polka
    • , Robert Kiley
    • , Boyana Konforti
    • , Bodo Stern
    •  & Ronald D. Vale
  • Comment |

    Ecologists must understand how marine life responds to changing local conditions, rather than to overall global temperature rise, say Amanda E. Bates and 16 colleagues.

    • Amanda E. Bates
    • , Brian Helmuth
    • , Michael T. Burrows
    • , Murray I. Duncan
    • , Joaquim Garrabou
    • , Tamar Guy-Haim
    • , Fernando Lima
    • , Ana M. Queiros
    • , Rui Seabra
    • , Robert Marsh
    • , Jonathan Belmaker
    • , Nathaniel Bensoussan
    • , Yunwei Dong
    • , Antonios D. Mazaris
    • , Dan Smale
    • , Martin Wahl
    •  & Gil Rilov
  • Comment |

    Misleading accident classifications skew research and regulation. Zheng Wan and Jihong Chen set out three priorities for scientists and industry.

    • Zheng Wan
    •  & Jihong Chen
  • Comment |

    Track vehicles to link tolls with demand and cut congestion, urge Peter Cramton, R. Richard Geddes and Axel Ockenfels.

    • Peter Cramton
    • , R. Richard Geddes
    •  & Axel Ockenfels
  • Comment |

    Reserves of cobalt and nickel used in electric-vehicle cells will not meet future demand. Refocus research to find new electrodes based on common elements such as iron and silicon, urge Kostiantyn Turcheniuk and colleagues.

    • Kostiantyn Turcheniuk
    • , Dmitry Bondarev
    • , Vinod Singhal
    •  & Gleb Yushin
  • Comment |

    Genetic testing for dogs is big business. It is too easy for companies to sell false hope, warn Lisa Moses, Steve Niemi and Elinor Karlsson. They call for regulation.

    • Lisa Moses
    • , Steve Niemi
    •  & Elinor Karlsson
  • Comment |

    Computer scientists must identify sources of bias, de-bias training data and develop artificial-intelligence algorithms that are robust to skews in the data, argue James Zou and Londa Schiebinger.

    • James Zou
    •  & Londa Schiebinger
  • Comment |

    Applying carbon charges, not trade tariffs, to imports would bolster the Paris Agreement, argue Michael Mehling and colleagues.

    • Michael A. Mehling
    • , Harro van Asselt
    • , Kasturi Das
    •  & Susanne Droege
  • Comment |

    Fund and study these priorities for natural and social sciences to meet a gaping need, urge Abdallah S. Daar, Trillium Chang, Angela Salomon and Peter A. Singer.

    • Abdallah S. Daar
    • , Trillium Chang
    • , Angela Salomon
    •  & Peter A. Singer
  • Comment |

    Support from mainstream diversity initiatives would create a virtuous circle of visibility and benefit science for all, urges Jon Freeman.

    • Jon Freeman
  • Comment |

    A switch to projects led by independent principal investigators would build on the success of the nation’s centralized research agenda, urges Han Woong Yeom.

    • Han Woong Yeom
  • Comment |

    Systematic reviews have transformed medicine, but a more cost-effective means of appraisal is needed for fields in which data are sparse and patchy, argue William J. Sutherland and Claire F. R. Wordley.

    • William J. Sutherland
    •  & Claire F. R. Wordley
  • Comment |

    Reward the creation of analyses for policymakers that are inclusive, rigorous, transparent and accessible, urge Christl A. Donnelly and colleagues.

    • Christl A. Donnelly
    • , Ian Boyd
    • , Philip Campbell
    • , Claire Craig
    • , Patrick Vallance
    • , Mark Walport
    • , Christopher J. M. Whitty
    • , Emma Woods
    •  & Chris Wormald
  • Comment |

    Environmental pressures and overfishing might soon push some species to the brink, warn Cassandra Brooks and colleagues.

    • Cassandra M. Brooks
    • , David G. Ainley
    • , Peter A. Abrams
    • , Paul K. Dayton
    • , Robert J. Hofman
    • , Jennifer Jacquet
    •  & Donald B. Siniff
  • Comment |

    Trust is undermined when scientists make overblown promises about disease prevention, warn Edward C. Holmes, Andrew Rambaut and Kristian G. Andersen.

    • Edward C. Holmes
    • , Andrew Rambaut
    •  & Kristian G. Andersen
  • Comment |

    Too many meta-analyses of extinctions of giant kangaroos or huge sloths use data that are poor or poorly understood, warn Gilbert J. Price and colleagues.

    • Gilbert J. Price
    • , Julien Louys
    • , J. Tyler Faith
    • , Eline Lorenzen
    •  & Michael C. Westaway
  • Comment |

    Theodore Hodapp and Erika Brown explain how the American Physical Society is helping to recruit and retain PhD students from under-represented minorities.

    • Theodore Hodapp
    •  & Erika Brown
  • Comment |

    Academic leaders must audit departments for flaws and strengths, then tailor practices to build good behaviour, say C. K. Gunsalus and Aaron D. Robinson.

    • C. K. Gunsalus
    •  & Aaron D. Robinson
  • Comment |

    Nature asked scientists to recommend one thing that institutional and laboratory leaders could do to make science more productive, rigorous and happy.

    • David Norris
    • , Ulrich Dirnagl
    • , Michael J. Zigmond
    • , Katherine Thompson-Peer
    •  & Tracy T. Chow
  • Comment |

    Ambiguity in expectations and evaluations harms progress, say Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton and colleagues.

    • Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton
    • , Colette Patt
    •  & Mark Richards
  • Comment |

    An analysis of drug studies shows that most participants are white, even though trials are being done in more countries, reveal Todd C. Knepper and Howard L. McLeod.

    • Todd C. Knepper
    •  & Howard L. McLeod
  • Comment |

    Analysis shows that extending the age limit for grants boosts the number awarded to women, but more must be done to achieve parity, say Ying Ma and colleagues.

    • Ying Ma
    • , Yandong Zhao
    • , Xu Gong
    • , Li Sun
    •  & Yonghe Zheng
  • Comment |

    Difficult questions will be raised as models of the human brain get closer to replicating its functions, explain Nita A. Farahany, Henry T. Greely and 15 colleagues.

    • Nita A. Farahany
    • , Henry T. Greely
    • , Steven Hyman
    • , Christof Koch
    • , Christine Grady
    • , Sergiu P. Pașca
    • , Nenad Sestan
    • , Paola Arlotta
    • , James L. Bernat
    • , Jonathan Ting
    • , Jeantine E. Lunshof
    • , Eswar P. R. Iyer
    • , Insoo Hyun
    • , Beatrice H. Capestany
    • , George M. Church
    • , Hao Huang
    •  & Hongjun Song
  • Comment |

    Companies that manufacture and distribute the precursors to lethal agents must be open to surveillance and inspections, argues Leiv K. Sydnes.

    • Leiv K. Sydnes
  • Comment |

    Legislation on the testing of self-driving cars does not address liability and safety concerns, warn Ashley Nunes, Bryan Reimer and Joseph F. Coughlin.

    • Ashley Nunes
    • , Bryan Reimer
    •  & Joseph F. Coughlin
  • Comment |

    The nations that are most vulnerable to climate change must drive discussions of modelling, ethics and governance, argue A. Atiq Rahman, Paulo Artaxo, Asfawossen Asrat, Andy Parker and 8 co-signatories.

    • A. Atiq Rahman
    • , Paulo Artaxo
    • , Asfawossen Asrat
    •  & Andy Parker
  • Comment |

    Governments must provide incentives for businesses to fix the global food system, not just punish them for acting irresponsibly, argues Lawrence Haddad.

    • Lawrence Haddad
  • Comment |

    Safeguarding our lives online requires skills and experiences that lie beyond masculine stereotypes of the hacker and soldier, says Winifred R. Poster.

    • Winifred R. Poster
  • Comment |

    Sheila Jasanoff and J. Benjamin Hurlbut call for an international network of scholars and organizations to support a new kind of conversation.

    • Sheila Jasanoff
    •  & J. Benjamin Hurlbut
  • Comment |

    Stalling the fastest flows of ice into the oceans would buy us a few centuries to deal with climate change and protect coasts, argue John C. Moore and colleagues.

    • John C. Moore
    • , Rupert Gladstone
    • , Thomas Zwinger
    •  & Michael Wolovick
  • Comment |

    Archive study shows that formal inclusion of women does not automatically lead to their full participation, say Aileen Fyfe and Camilla Mørk Røstvik.

    • Aileen Fyfe
    •  & Camilla Mørk Røstvik