Comment

  • Comment |

    Survey shows charges on emissions could be popular if revenues are given back to citizens, find Stefano Carattini, Steffen Kallbekken and Anton Orlo.

    • Stefano Carattini
    • , Steffen Kallbekken
    •  & Anton Orlov
  • Comment |

    A new analysis of biomedical awards over five decades shows men receive more cash and more respect for their research than women do, report Brian Uzzi and colleagues.

    • Yifang Ma
    • , Diego F. M. Oliveira
    • , Teresa K. Woodruff
    •  & Brian Uzzi
  • Comment |

    Set up an international platform to share data and experiences, and coordinate industrial policies and trade to conserve resources and energy, urge Yong Geng, Joseph Sarkis and Raimund Bleischwitz.

    • Yong Geng
    • , Joseph Sarkis
    •  & Raimund Bleischwitz
  • Comment |

    Tracking moisture, snow and meltwater across the ‘third pole’ will help communities to plan for climate change, argue Jing Gao and colleagues.

    • Jing Gao
    • , Tandong Yao
    • , Valérie Masson-Delmotte
    • , Hans Christian Steen-Larsen
    •  & Weicai Wang
  • Comment |

    Promising immunizations for diseases that affect mostly people in low- and middle-income countries need help getting to market, urge David C. Kaslow and colleagues.

    • David C. Kaslow
    • , Steve Black
    • , David E. Bloom
    • , Mahima Datla
    • , David Salisbury
    •  & Rino Rappuoli
  • Comment |

    International discussion must guide research, urge Nicolas Rivron, Martin Pera and colleagues.

    • Nicolas Rivron
    • , Martin Pera
    • , Janet Rossant
    • , Alfonso Martinez Arias
    • , Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz
    • , Jianping Fu
    • , Susanne van den Brink
    • , Annelien Bredenoord
    • , Wybo Dondorp
    • , Guido de Wert
    • , Insoo Hyun
    • , Megan Munsie
    •  & Rosario Isasi
  • Comment |

    With sources of renewable energy spreading fast, all sectors can do more to decarbonize the world, argue Christiana Figueres and colleagues.

    • Christiana Figueres
    • , Corinne Le Quéré
    • , Anand Mahindra
    • , Oliver Bäte
    • , Gail Whiteman
    • , Glen Peters
    •  & Dabo Guan
  • Comment |

    Take these eight steps to make soils more resilient to drought, produce more food and store emissions, urge Cornelia Rumpel and colleagues.

    • Cornelia Rumpel
    • , Farshad Amiraslani
    • , Lydie-Stella Koutika
    • , Pete Smith
    • , David Whitehead
    •  & Eva Wollenberg
  • Comment |

    Misleading terminology and arbitrary divisions stymie drug trials and can give false hope about the potential of tailoring drugs to individuals, warns Stephen Senn.

    • Stephen Senn
  • Comment |

    Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies will founder unless they integrate quantum technologies, warn Aleksey K. Fedorov, Evgeniy O. Kiktenko and Alexander I. Lvovsky.

    • Aleksey K. Fedorov
    • , Evgeniy O. Kiktenko
    •  & Alexander I. Lvovsky
  • Comment |

    Access to evidence from disappointing drug-development programmes advances the whole scientific process, explain Enrica Alteri and Lorenzo Guizzaro.

    • Enrica Alteri
    •  & Lorenzo Guizzaro
  • Comment |

    Global conservation policy must stop the disappearance of Earth’s few intact ecosystems, warn James E. M. Watson, James R. Allan and colleagues.

    • James E. M. Watson
    • , Oscar Venter
    • , Jasmine Lee
    • , Kendall R. Jones
    • , John G. Robinson
    • , Hugh P. Possingham
    •  & James R. Allan
  • Comment |

    Governments should use patents to shape the deployment of CRISPR–Cas9 as they have done for past technologies, argues Shobita Parthasarathy.

    • Shobita Parthasarathy
  • Comment |

    Using artificial intelligence to predict outbursts of violence and probe their causes could save lives, argue Weisi Guo, Kristian Gleditsch and Alan Wilson.

    • Weisi Guo
    • , Kristian Gleditsch
    •  & Alan Wilson
  • Comment |

    Sand-grain-sized computers, self-healing materials and constellations of craft would reboot our reach, explain Igor Levchenko, Michael Keidar and colleagues.

    • Igor Levchenko
    • , Michael Keidar
    • , Jim Cantrell
    • , Yue-Liang Wu
    • , Hitoshi Kuninaka
    • , Kateryna Bazaka
    •  & Shuyan Xu
  • Comment |

    Three examples show how public participation in research can be extended at every step of the process to generate useful knowledge.

    • Gary Hickey
    • , Tessa Richards
    •  & Jeff Sheehy
  • Comment |

    To assess whether research is relevant to society, ask the stakeholders, say Catherine Durose, Liz Richardson and Beth Perry.

    • Catherine Durose
    • , Liz Richardson
    •  & Beth Perry
  • Comment |

    Confusion about mesenchymal stem cells is making it easier for people to sell unproven treatments, warn Douglas Sipp, Pamela G. Robey and Leigh Turner.

    • Douglas Sipp
    • , Pamela G. Robey
    •  & Leigh Turner
  • Comment |

    Track connections between hurricanes, wildfires, climate change and other risks, urge Amir AghaKouchak and colleagues.

    • Amir AghaKouchak
    • , Laurie S. Huning
    • , Felicia Chiang
    • , Mojtaba Sadegh
    • , Farshid Vahedifard
    • , Omid Mazdiyasni
    • , Hamed Moftakhari
    •  & Iman Mallakpour
  • Comment |

    To highlight uncertain norms in authorship, John P. A. Ioannidis, Richard Klavans and Kevin W. Boyack identified the most prolific scientists of recent years.

    • John P. A. Ioannidis
    • , Richard Klavans
    •  & Kevin W. Boyack
  • Comment |

    A worldwide monitoring and modelling network would reduce the dramatic toll of air pollution on health and food production, urge Rajesh Kumar and colleagues.

    • Rajesh Kumar
    • , Vincent-Henri Peuch
    • , James H. Crawford
    •  & Guy Brasseur
  • Comment |

    Jessica K. Polka and colleagues call on journals to sign a pledge to make reviewers’ anonymous comments part of the official scientific record.

    • Jessica K. Polka
    • , Robert Kiley
    • , Boyana Konforti
    • , Bodo Stern
    •  & Ronald D. Vale
  • Comment |

    Ecologists must understand how marine life responds to changing local conditions, rather than to overall global temperature rise, say Amanda E. Bates and 16 colleagues.

    • Amanda E. Bates
    • , Brian Helmuth
    • , Michael T. Burrows
    • , Murray I. Duncan
    • , Joaquim Garrabou
    • , Tamar Guy-Haim
    • , Fernando Lima
    • , Ana M. Queiros
    • , Rui Seabra
    • , Robert Marsh
    • , Jonathan Belmaker
    • , Nathaniel Bensoussan
    • , Yunwei Dong
    • , Antonios D. Mazaris
    • , Dan Smale
    • , Martin Wahl
    •  & Gil Rilov
  • Comment |

    Misleading accident classifications skew research and regulation. Zheng Wan and Jihong Chen set out three priorities for scientists and industry.

    • Zheng Wan
    •  & Jihong Chen
  • Comment |

    Track vehicles to link tolls with demand and cut congestion, urge Peter Cramton, R. Richard Geddes and Axel Ockenfels.

    • Peter Cramton
    • , R. Richard Geddes
    •  & Axel Ockenfels
  • Comment |

    Reserves of cobalt and nickel used in electric-vehicle cells will not meet future demand. Refocus research to find new electrodes based on common elements such as iron and silicon, urge Kostiantyn Turcheniuk and colleagues.

    • Kostiantyn Turcheniuk
    • , Dmitry Bondarev
    • , Vinod Singhal
    •  & Gleb Yushin
  • Comment |

    Genetic testing for dogs is big business. It is too easy for companies to sell false hope, warn Lisa Moses, Steve Niemi and Elinor Karlsson. They call for regulation.

    • Lisa Moses
    • , Steve Niemi
    •  & Elinor Karlsson
  • Comment |

    Computer scientists must identify sources of bias, de-bias training data and develop artificial-intelligence algorithms that are robust to skews in the data, argue James Zou and Londa Schiebinger.

    • James Zou
    •  & Londa Schiebinger
  • Comment |

    Applying carbon charges, not trade tariffs, to imports would bolster the Paris Agreement, argue Michael Mehling and colleagues.

    • Michael A. Mehling
    • , Harro van Asselt
    • , Kasturi Das
    •  & Susanne Droege
  • Comment |

    Fund and study these priorities for natural and social sciences to meet a gaping need, urge Abdallah S. Daar, Trillium Chang, Angela Salomon and Peter A. Singer.

    • Abdallah S. Daar
    • , Trillium Chang
    • , Angela Salomon
    •  & Peter A. Singer
  • Comment |

    Support from mainstream diversity initiatives would create a virtuous circle of visibility and benefit science for all, urges Jon Freeman.

    • Jon Freeman
  • Comment |

    A switch to projects led by independent principal investigators would build on the success of the nation’s centralized research agenda, urges Han Woong Yeom.

    • Han Woong Yeom
  • Comment |

    Systematic reviews have transformed medicine, but a more cost-effective means of appraisal is needed for fields in which data are sparse and patchy, argue William J. Sutherland and Claire F. R. Wordley.

    • William J. Sutherland
    •  & Claire F. R. Wordley
  • Comment |

    Reward the creation of analyses for policymakers that are inclusive, rigorous, transparent and accessible, urge Christl A. Donnelly and colleagues.

    • Christl A. Donnelly
    • , Ian Boyd
    • , Philip Campbell
    • , Claire Craig
    • , Patrick Vallance
    • , Mark Walport
    • , Christopher J. M. Whitty
    • , Emma Woods
    •  & Chris Wormald
  • Comment |

    Environmental pressures and overfishing might soon push some species to the brink, warn Cassandra Brooks and colleagues.

    • Cassandra M. Brooks
    • , David G. Ainley
    • , Peter A. Abrams
    • , Paul K. Dayton
    • , Robert J. Hofman
    • , Jennifer Jacquet
    •  & Donald B. Siniff
  • Comment |

    Trust is undermined when scientists make overblown promises about disease prevention, warn Edward C. Holmes, Andrew Rambaut and Kristian G. Andersen.

    • Edward C. Holmes
    • , Andrew Rambaut
    •  & Kristian G. Andersen
  • Comment |

    Too many meta-analyses of extinctions of giant kangaroos or huge sloths use data that are poor or poorly understood, warn Gilbert J. Price and colleagues.

    • Gilbert J. Price
    • , Julien Louys
    • , J. Tyler Faith
    • , Eline Lorenzen
    •  & Michael C. Westaway
  • Comment |

    Theodore Hodapp and Erika Brown explain how the American Physical Society is helping to recruit and retain PhD students from under-represented minorities.

    • Theodore Hodapp
    •  & Erika Brown