Open access policies
At Springer Nature, we are committed to the goals of open research. Our policies help authors achieve a high level of openness with their research and support them in meeting the open access (OA) requirements of their research funders and institutions. For information on our Nature Portfolio policies on self-archiving and re-use terms see our self-archiving and license to publish page.
For further Springer Nature OA policies, such as our retrospective open access policy, information on pricing adjustments and guidance on funder compliance and open access licensing; see our journals open access policies on SpringerNature.com.