2020 Research Leaders: Leading academic institutions in Earth & environmental sciences

The 2020 Research Leaders are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

Position Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share* 2018–2019
1 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 46.37 67.14 204 40.3% Increase
2 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 61.38 66.04 211 4.2% Increase
3 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 61.08 64.59 214 2.5% Increase
4 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 68.77 63.80 274 -10.1% Decrease
5 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 69.63 59.20 293 -17.6% Decrease
6 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 63.79 55.04 217 -16.4% Decrease
7 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 52.48 44.84 148 -17.2% Decrease
8 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 46.71 43.40 157 -10.0% Decrease
9 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 44.68 43.13 130 -6.5% Decrease
10 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 36.83 41.42 114 9.0% Increase
11 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 46.64 40.67 173 -15.5% Decrease
12 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 34.66 40.64 169 13.6% Increase
13 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 32.01 39.15 117 18.5% Increase
14 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 43.25 37.93 135 -15.0% Decrease
15 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 31.36 35.73 97 10.4% Increase
16 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 31.67 35.26 133 7.9% Increase
17 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 49.10 34.54 151 -31.8% Decrease
18 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 32.44 33.44 124 -0.1% Decrease
19 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 23.94 32.71 121 32.4% Increase
20 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 38.16 31.15 114 -20.9% Decrease
21 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 33.70 29.68 184 -14.6% Decrease
22 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 24.20 29.09 107 16.5% Increase
23 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 13.13 27.60 73 103.7% Increase
24 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 20.82 26.42 85 23.0% Increase
25 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 32.16 26.28 106 -20.8% Decrease
26 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 28.84 26.20 105 -11.9% Decrease
27 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 29.21 25.84 106 -14.3% Decrease
28 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 26.52 25.66 137 -6.2% Decrease
29 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 27.63 25.61 84 -10.2% Decrease
30 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 19.55 24.78 85 22.8% Increase
31 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 18.80 23.57 99 21.5% Increase
32 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 32.72 22.44 89 -33.5% Decrease
33 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 20.29 22.42 58 7.1% Increase
34 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 19.28 22.10 93 11.1% Increase
35 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 22.83 21.77 81 -7.6% Decrease
36 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 20.61 20.71 98 -2.6% Decrease
37 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 16.19 19.84 63 18.7% Increase
38 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 15.31 18.33 94 16.1% Increase
39 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 32.52 18.13 86 -46.0% Decrease
40 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 19.82 17.93 65 -12.3% Decrease
41 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 16.35 17.28 76 2.4% Increase
42 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 14.23 17.22 61 17.3% Increase
43 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 10.11 17.14 58 64.4% Increase
44 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 23.95 17.03 80 -31.1% Decrease
45 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 11.64 16.97 63 41.2% Increase
46 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 12.84 16.46 64 24.2% Increase
47 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 15.10 16.22 46 4.1% Increase
48 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 17.06 14.73 76 -16.3% Decrease
49 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 13.94 14.40 50 0.1% Increase
50 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 11.50 13.96 60 17.7% Increase
51 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 12.61 13.96 58 7.3% Increase
52 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 10.76 13.78 79 24.1% Increase
53 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 8.55 13.51 92 53.1% Increase
54 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 22.08 13.38 54 -41.3% Decrease
55 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 13.34 13.18 67 -4.2% Decrease
56 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 14.64 12.46 32 -17.5% Decrease
57 University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), United States of America (USA) 12.57 11.95 72 -7.9% Decrease
58 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 10.80 11.70 57 5.0% Increase
59 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 8.11 11.54 51 37.8% Increase
60 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 7.96 10.72 47 30.5% Increase
61 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 8.20 10.45 42 23.5% Increase
62 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 6.74 10.40 25 49.6% Increase
63 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 12.38 10.37 49 -18.8% Decrease
64 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 12.46 10.05 36 -21.8% Decrease
65 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 5.59 9.91 53 71.8% Increase
66 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 14.50 9.60 35 -35.8% Decrease
67 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 11.54 9.11 53 -23.5% Decrease
68 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 5.89 8.94 41 47.1% Increase
69 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 5.24 8.63 24 59.7% Increase
70 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 6.63 8.42 19 23.0% Increase
71 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 11.34 8.37 42 -28.4% Decrease
72 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 17.33 8.23 27 -54.0% Decrease
73 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 8.50 8.17 19 -6.8% Decrease
74 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 12.45 7.89 49 -38.6% Decrease
75 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 10.83 7.18 35 -35.7% Decrease
76 Utah State University (USU), United States of America (USA) 5.78 7.17 40 20.3% Increase
77 University of New Hampshire (UNH), United States of America (USA) 5.80 7.02 58 17.4% Increase
78 San Diego State University (SDSU), United States of America (USA) 1.16 6.94 34 480.6% Increase
79 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 7.87 6.87 15 -15.4% Decrease
80 Northern Arizona University (NAU), United States of America (USA) 5.73 6.67 34 12.9% Increase
81 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 4.66 6.59 40 37.0% Increase
82 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 1.28 6.52 27 394.1% Increase
83 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 8.89 6.34 17 -30.9% Decrease
84 Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE), United States of America (USA) 3.27 6.27 34 85.6% Increase
85 Michigan Technological University (Michigan Tech), United States of America (USA) 5.75 6.22 14 4.8% Increase
86 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 7.91 6.21 35 -23.9% Decrease
87 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 2.90 5.87 35 96.3% Increase
88 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 5.51 5.76 18 1.2% Increase
89 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU), United States of America (USA) 2.28 5.71 30 142.3% Increase
90 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 3.65 5.65 40 50.0% Increase
91 University of Idaho, United States of America (USA) 2.51 5.61 19 116.8% Increase
92 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 6.45 5.61 16 -15.8% Decrease
93 Baylor University, United States of America (USA) 2.26 5.59 28 139.2% Increase
94 University of Montana (UMT), United States of America (USA) 4.92 5.48 21 7.9% Increase
95 New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NMT), United States of America (USA) 4.99 5.43 34 5.4% Increase
96 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 5.27 5.40 18 -0.6% Decrease
97 University of Rhode Island (URI), United States of America (USA) 7.26 5.30 40 -29.2% Decrease
98 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 4.97 5.15 17 0.4% Increase
99 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 6.54 5.12 12 -24.2% Decrease
100 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 6.11 4.81 22 -23.8% Decrease

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences and health sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 145 natural-science and health-science journals. The journals were selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields. The list is reviewed periodically and journals may be removed or added. Articles from eLife were no longer included in the Nature Index from 2023 after the journal changed its publishing model.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.
  5. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen research leaders.