2018 Research Leaders: Leading academic institutions

The 2018 Research Leaders are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017.

Table criteria

Position Institution Share 2016 Share 2017 Count 2017 Change in Adjusted Share* 2016–2017
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 876.39 907.76 2365 2.1% Increase
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 604.01 615.78 1560 0.5% Increase
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 580.04 538.35 1767 -8.5% Decrease
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 427.13 472.01 1183 8.9% Increase
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 438.52 420.80 1268 -5.4% Decrease
6 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 385.00 409.71 1253 4.9% Increase
7 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 466.95 408.56 1218 -13.8% Decrease
8 Peking University (PKU), China 386.66 394.97 1325 0.7% Increase
9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 355.01 385.07 959 6.9% Increase
10 Tsinghua University, China 316.02 354.90 1108 10.7% Increase
11 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 321.62 336.04 943 3.0% Increase
12 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 331.42 329.31 892 -2.1% Decrease
13 Nanjing University (NJU), China 319.47 328.85 796 1.5% Increase
14 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 327.95 324.04 942 -2.6% Decrease
15 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 313.30 311.83 933 -1.9% Decrease
16 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 307.25 310.38 997 -0.4% Decrease
17 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 275.60 308.81 797 10.4% Increase
18 Kyoto University, Japan 264.41 307.24 697 14.5% Increase
19 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 349.37 302.98 880 -14.5% Decrease
20 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 284.00 296.58 778 2.9% Increase
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 289.01 283.32 732 -3.4% Decrease
22 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 260.64 279.54 719 5.7% Increase
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 267.76 271.94 919 0.1% Increase
24 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 289.22 269.01 716 -8.3% Decrease
25 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 159.16 261.17 1407 61.8% Increase
26 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 257.79 261.10 813 -0.2% Decrease
27 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 260.11 257.40 752 -2.5% Decrease
28 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 229.05 251.14 732 8.1% Increase
29 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 220.35 243.85 592 9.1% Increase
30 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 244.24 243.47 857 -1.7% Decrease
31 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 234.58 242.52 572 1.9% Increase
32 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 210.15 230.80 591 8.3% Increase
33 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 251.42 224.99 665 -11.8% Decrease
34 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.60 224.92 760 6.3% Increase
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 216.14 210.14 842 -4.2% Decrease
36 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 193.40 209.23 467 6.6% Increase
37 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 234.26 208.06 577 -12.5% Decrease
38 Fudan University, China 184.73 206.35 496 10.1% Increase
39 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 233.94 203.17 648 -14.4% Decrease
40 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 188.13 200.57 571 5.1% Increase
41 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 203.65 200.33 577 -3.0% Decrease
42 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 182.55 197.60 535 6.7% Increase
43 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 202.91 189.78 746 -7.8% Decrease
44 Osaka University, Japan 196.71 188.74 493 -5.4% Decrease
45 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 176.57 187.44 737 4.6% Increase
46 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 201.29 185.58 540 -9.1% Decrease
47 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 210.00 182.07 589 -14.5% Decrease
48 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.46 181.17 622 -1.6% Decrease
49 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 169.39 178.02 716 3.6% Increase
50 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 181.09 175.48 424 -4.5% Decrease
51 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 135.96 171.77 554 24.5% Increase
52 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 165.96 170.97 519 1.5% Increase
53 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 127.74 170.86 553 31.9% Increase
54 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.50 166.14 468 -0.4% Decrease
55 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 156.60 164.94 551 3.8% Increase
56 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 165.97 164.43 462 -2.3% Decrease
57 Soochow University, China 150.07 161.36 307 6.0% Increase
58 Wuhan University (WHU), China 122.07 161.32 358 30.3% Increase
59 Nankai University (NKU), China 153.16 156.79 441 0.9% Increase
60 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 136.19 156.18 629 13.0% Increase
61 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 119.03 154.01 483 27.5% Increase
62 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 127.94 153.65 297 18.4% Increase
63 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 157.77 152.95 317 -4.4% Decrease
64 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 117.52 152.26 392 27.7% Increase
65 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 145.03 151.15 517 2.7% Increase
66 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 145.11 149.98 530 1.9% Increase
67 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 145.75 148.93 409 0.7% Increase
68 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 145.87 148.58 426 0.4% Increase
69 McGill University, Canada 174.11 148.03 525 -16.2% Decrease
70 Xiamen University (XMU), China 124.40 146.20 271 15.8% Increase
71 Tohoku University, Japan 175.70 142.97 458 -19.8% Decrease
72 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 151.21 140.80 559 -8.2% Decrease
73 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 109.49 137.06 333 23.4% Increase
74 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 145.93 135.74 565 -8.3% Decrease
75 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.35 132.34 477 -10.3% Decrease
76 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 121.72 131.25 630 6.3% Increase
77 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 138.53 130.47 353 -7.2% Decrease
78 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 144.15 129.89 595 -11.2% Decrease
79 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 156.87 129.75 474 -18.5% Decrease
80 Sichuan University (SCU), China 101.02 126.91 243 23.8% Increase
81 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.00 126.73 547 -0.9% Decrease
82 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 130.27 122.79 412 -7.1% Decrease
83 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 116.22 121.90 468 3.4% Increase
84 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 134.66 121.60 318 -11.0% Decrease
85 Nagoya University, Japan 132.62 121.18 373 -9.9% Decrease
86 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 115.13 120.31 335 3.0% Increase
87 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 134.44 120.30 391 -11.8% Decrease
88 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 113.89 119.64 550 3.6% Increase
89 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 119.08 119.26 387 -1.3% Decrease
90 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 100.59 118.88 316 16.5% Increase
91 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 121.21 116.94 288 -4.9% Decrease
92 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 106.07 116.51 398 8.3% Increase
93 Hokkaido University, Japan 118.32 116.17 275 -3.2% Decrease
94 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 91.91 115.91 289 24.3% Increase
95 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 102.36 112.55 275 8.4% Increase
96 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 104.36 112.12 372 5.9% Increase
97 Monash University, Australia 132.42 112.09 412 -16.6% Decrease
98 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 116.98 111.41 396 -6.1% Decrease
99 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 107.33 110.70 232 1.7% Increase
100 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 101.19 110.48 324 7.6% Increase
101 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 101.21 108.77 200 5.9% Increase
102 Sorbonne University, France 104.31 107.65 1080 1.7% Increase
103 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 101.84 106.87 319 3.4% Increase
104 University of Göttingen, Germany 97.99 105.17 321 5.8% Increase
105 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 99.09 104.19 294 3.6% Increase
106 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 122.46 102.88 326 -17.2% Decrease
107 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 95.65 102.77 336 5.9% Increase
108 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 114.91 102.21 429 -12.3% Decrease
109 Jilin University (JLU), China 89.93 101.49 233 11.2% Increase
110 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 106.05 101.06 290 -6.1% Decrease
111 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 95.40 100.88 278 4.2% Increase
112 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 101.10 100.37 270 -2.1% Decrease
113 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 94.95 97.53 439 1.3% Increase
114 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 77.86 97.39 187 23.3% Increase
115 Kyushu University, Japan 113.98 97.33 317 -15.8% Decrease
116 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 111.23 95.89 576 -15.0% Decrease
117 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 74.76 95.47 320 25.9% Increase
118 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 86.95 93.70 472 6.2% Increase
119 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 91.71 93.58 409 0.6% Increase
120 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 94.15 93.56 366 -2.0% Decrease
121 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 72.76 93.29 353 26.4% Increase
122 University of Paris-Saclay, France 98.70 93.10 831 -7.0% Decrease
123 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.70 92.50 404 -1.6% Decrease
124 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 78.67 91.67 176 14.9% Increase
125 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 93.95 91.11 299 -4.4% Decrease
126 TU Dresden, Germany 84.68 90.93 407 5.8% Increase
127 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 75.80 90.77 307 18.1% Increase
128 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 99.97 90.48 489 -10.8% Decrease
129 Hunan University (HNU), China 82.74 89.20 164 6.3% Increase
130 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 73.28 88.66 210 19.3% Increase
131 Shandong University (SDU), China 88.73 88.42 314 -1.8% Decrease
132 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 84.14 88.22 256 3.3% Increase
133 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 76.18 87.77 254 13.6% Increase
134 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 82.74 87.60 256 4.4% Increase
135 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 100.36 87.29 211 -14.3% Decrease
136 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 80.19 86.52 279 6.3% Increase
137 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 76.82 86.29 185 10.7% Increase
138 Leiden University, Netherlands 81.25 85.96 335 4.3% Increase
139 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 106.66 85.33 261 -21.1% Decrease
140 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 102.73 85.28 304 -18.2% Decrease
141 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 86.77 84.53 170 -4.0% Decrease
142 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 80.64 84.43 272 3.2% Increase
143 Lund University (LU), Sweden 95.93 83.96 324 -13.7% Decrease
144 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 91.86 82.67 320 -11.3% Decrease
145 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 81.36 82.35 403 -0.2% Decrease
146 Stockholm University, Sweden 77.43 82.16 502 4.6% Increase
147 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 86.75 82.15 145 -6.7% Decrease
148 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 70.95 82.08 419 14.0% Increase
149 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 92.63 81.78 227 -13.0% Decrease
150 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 73.98 81.75 361 8.9% Increase
151 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 95.10 80.98 255 -16.1% Decrease
152 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 88.73 80.46 339 -10.6% Decrease
153 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 76.15 80.14 392 3.7% Increase
154 Tianjin University (TJU), China 69.58 79.08 396 12.0% Increase
155 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 91.12 79.06 342 -14.5% Decrease
156 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 72.25 78.87 357 7.6% Increase
157 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 85.86 78.13 257 -10.3% Decrease
158 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 76.87 78.10 536 0.2% Increase
159 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 77.13 77.92 603 -0.4% Decrease
160 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 63.00 77.62 164 21.4% Increase
161 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 95.43 77.50 477 -20.0% Decrease
162 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 71.45 77.05 418 6.3% Increase
163 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 81.09 76.64 323 -6.8% Decrease
164 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 73.85 76.44 361 2.0% Increase
165 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.04 76.42 256 0.4% Increase
166 Tongji University, China 59.76 76.32 247 25.9% Increase
167 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 58.93 76.22 226 27.5% Increase
168 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 71.43 75.90 281 4.7% Increase
169 Southeast University (SEU), China 66.07 75.87 140 13.2% Increase
170 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 77.80 74.70 233 -5.4% Decrease
171 Université PSL, France 71.88 74.70 728 2.4% Increase
172 Yonsei University, South Korea 91.10 74.24 207 -19.7% Decrease
173 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 88.33 73.92 206 -17.5% Decrease
174 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 76.67 73.01 270 -6.1% Decrease
175 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 58.75 72.52 189 21.7% Increase
176 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 46.24 71.88 175 53.2% Increase
177 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 81.86 71.68 357 -13.7% Decrease
178 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.16 71.15 346 -1.4% Decrease
179 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 57.53 70.44 348 20.7% Increase
180 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 71.35 69.50 480 -4.0% Decrease
181 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 64.95 69.13 301 4.9% Increase
182 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 57.66 68.73 210 17.5% Increase
183 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 77.92 68.65 263 -13.2% Decrease
184 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 79.36 68.64 331 -14.7% Decrease
185 University of Waterloo, Canada 71.51 68.53 160 -5.5% Decrease
186 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 83.12 68.42 188 -18.9% Decrease
187 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 30.64 68.23 204 119.5% Increase
188 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.34 68.04 235 -8.6% Decrease
189 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 68.12 67.98 217 -1.6% Decrease
190 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 60.56 67.96 347 10.6% Increase
191 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.33 67.78 173 -15.8% Decrease
192 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 61.14 67.56 307 8.9% Increase
193 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.33 67.17 160 4.5% Increase
194 Paris Cité University, France 60.34 66.91 788 9.3% Increase
195 University of Vienna, Austria 61.46 66.84 221 7.2% Increase
196 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 67.20 66.78 135 -2.0% Decrease
197 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 65.54 66.30 256 -0.3% Decrease
198 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 68.35 65.94 281 -4.9% Decrease
199 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 45.69 65.58 126 41.5% Increase
200 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 68.87 64.51 290 -7.7% Decrease
201 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 72.62 64.16 275 -12.9% Decrease
202 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 66.98 64.11 315 -5.7% Decrease
203 University of Lyon, France 66.23 64.09 455 -4.6% Decrease
204 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 64.44 63.75 166 -2.5% Decrease
205 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 75.58 62.91 152 -17.9% Decrease
206 Southwest University (SWU), China 43.09 62.75 93 43.6% Increase
207 Keio University, Japan 68.69 62.11 132 -10.9% Decrease
208 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 60.79 62.11 237 0.7% Increase
209 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 63.16 62.01 314 -3.2% Decrease
210 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 70.99 61.73 210 -14.3% Decrease
211 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 58.60 61.45 231 3.4% Increase
212 University of Helsinki, Finland 51.70 60.82 338 16.0% Increase
213 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 66.84 60.74 177 -10.4% Decrease
214 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 69.72 60.22 312 -14.9% Decrease
215 University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School (UMass Chan Medical School), United States of America (USA) 65.06 59.47 249 -9.9% Decrease
216 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 54.34 58.15 211 5.5% Increase
217 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 68.81 57.98 259 -16.9% Decrease
218 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 39.71 57.83 149 43.6% Increase
219 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.50 57.10 169 -2.1% Decrease
220 University of Strasbourg, France 63.91 57.04 432 -12.0% Decrease
221 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 50.22 56.92 267 11.7% Increase
222 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 77.13 56.50 368 -27.8% Decrease
223 Korea University, South Korea 62.43 56.43 237 -10.9% Decrease
224 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 50.62 56.27 158 9.6% Increase
225 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.38 56.11 187 -0.1% Decrease
226 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 50.47 55.33 198 8.1% Increase
227 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 70.04 55.07 215 -22.5% Decrease
228 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 50.77 54.97 444 6.7% Increase
229 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 56.02 54.67 216 -3.8% Decrease
230 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.87 54.04 197 9.0% Increase
231 Beihang University (BUAA), China 50.01 53.84 241 6.1% Increase
232 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 49.60 53.84 317 7.0% Increase
233 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 69.21 53.64 336 -23.6% Decrease
234 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 61.25 53.54 181 -13.8% Decrease
235 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 56.16 53.50 189 -6.1% Decrease
236 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.07 53.49 156 -0.6% Decrease
237 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 48.08 53.13 106 8.9% Increase
238 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 54.22 53.05 139 -3.6% Decrease
239 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 43.64 52.94 197 19.6% Increase
240 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 34.39 52.39 79 50.2% Increase
241 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 53.84 52.15 112 -4.5% Decrease
242 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 44.85 51.92 224 14.1% Increase
243 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 32.89 51.88 165 55.5% Increase
244 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 42.45 50.75 139 17.8% Increase
245 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 47.22 49.99 125 4.4% Increase
246 Leipzig University, Germany 47.34 49.93 151 4.0% Increase
247 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 44.42 48.82 193 8.3% Increase
248 University of Toulouse, France 49.51 48.31 386 -3.8% Decrease
249 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 42.63 48.19 383 11.4% Increase
250 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 56.70 47.83 138 -16.8% Decrease
251 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.66 47.78 149 -1.2% Decrease
252 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 49.23 47.75 246 -4.4% Decrease
253 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.54 47.45 140 -15.8% Decrease
254 Western University (UWO), Canada 44.20 47.27 121 5.4% Increase
255 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.94 47.24 109 -8.6% Decrease
256 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 41.00 47.21 221 13.5% Increase
257 McMaster University, Canada 49.29 47.20 113 -5.6% Decrease
258 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 42.48 47.15 136 9.4% Increase
259 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.41 46.06 130 0.0% Increase
260 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 56.78 45.97 269 -20.2% Decrease
261 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 65.01 45.93 154 -30.4% Decrease
262 Central South University (CSU), China 25.56 45.86 121 76.9% Increase
263 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 52.14 45.65 188 -13.7% Decrease
264 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 43.50 45.58 157 3.3% Increase
265 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 44.34 45.36 453 0.9% Increase
266 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 49.48 44.92 286 -10.5% Decrease
267 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 56.09 44.79 123 -21.3% Decrease
268 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.58 44.42 250 -1.8% Decrease
269 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.65 43.85 156 -1.0% Decrease
270 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 46.80 43.84 146 -7.6% Decrease
271 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 54.99 43.81 101 -21.5% Decrease
272 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 34.26 43.22 135 24.4% Increase
273 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 28.62 42.97 82 48.0% Increase
274 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 35.15 42.95 132 20.4% Increase
275 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 38.45 42.90 121 10.0% Increase
276 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 34.26 42.73 248 23.0% Increase
277 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 44.06 42.64 137 -4.6% Decrease
278 University of Montpellier, France 43.20 42.64 347 -2.7% Decrease
279 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 56.65 42.19 380 -26.6% Decrease
280 TU Dortmund University, Germany 29.45 41.96 216 40.5% Increase
281 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 45.53 41.70 212 -9.7% Decrease
282 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 40.21 41.70 277 2.2% Increase
283 Shanghai University (SHU), China 31.92 41.50 100 28.2% Increase
284 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 34.36 41.38 87 18.7% Increase
285 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 48.44 41.27 169 -16.0% Decrease
286 University of Konstanz, Germany 49.45 41.20 89 -17.9% Decrease
287 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 36.91 41.19 101 10.0% Increase
288 Aalto University, Finland 45.73 41.05 213 -11.5% Decrease
289 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 38.40 40.87 304 4.9% Increase
290 University of Stuttgart, Germany 47.00 40.76 120 -14.5% Decrease
291 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 44.44 40.63 118 -9.9% Decrease
292 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 25.82 40.37 110 54.1% Increase
293 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 37.41 40.21 390 6.0% Increase
294 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 25.50 40.12 66 55.1% Increase
295 University of Tsukuba, Japan 61.92 40.09 220 -36.2% Decrease
296 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 34.17 40.05 127 15.5% Increase
297 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 39.33 40.02 219 0.3% Increase
298 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 31.79 39.75 166 23.3% Increase
299 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.00 39.49 175 -2.7% Decrease
300 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 37.19 38.92 92 3.2% Increase
301 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 43.22 38.48 158 -12.2% Decrease
302 Chongqing University (CQU), China 30.66 38.38 99 23.4% Increase
303 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 40.15 38.33 116 -5.9% Decrease
304 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.95 38.32 160 -3.0% Decrease
305 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 34.12 38.10 226 10.0% Increase
306 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 39.75 37.98 200 -5.8% Decrease
307 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 30.10 37.72 105 23.5% Increase
308 University of Bordeaux, France 31.70 37.68 249 17.2% Increase
309 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 34.99 37.48 85 5.6% Increase
310 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 35.42 37.36 101 4.0% Increase
311 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 38.88 36.73 69 -6.9% Decrease
312 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 43.54 36.39 94 -17.6% Decrease
313 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 26.22 36.29 141 36.5% Increase
314 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.58 36.17 168 16.6% Increase
315 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 49.21 35.96 192 -28.0% Decrease
316 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 27.44 35.50 111 27.6% Increase
317 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 39.87 35.34 120 -12.6% Decrease
318 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 24.46 35.23 281 42.0% Increase
319 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 37.81 34.85 133 -9.2% Decrease
320 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 23.86 34.72 226 43.5% Increase
321 Northwest University (NWU), China 28.02 34.63 56 21.8% Increase
322 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 33.61 34.58 192 1.4% Increase
323 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 36.69 34.57 159 -7.1% Decrease
324 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 20.72 34.38 66 63.6% Increase
325 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 39.59 34.35 202 -14.5% Decrease
326 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.23 34.30 85 -1.2% Decrease
327 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 25.51 34.05 73 31.6% Increase
328 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 18.20 33.96 109 84.0% Increase
329 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 17.12 33.63 137 93.6% Increase
330 Ulm University, Germany 37.68 33.59 135 -12.1% Decrease
331 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.62 33.29 169 -12.8% Decrease
332 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.05 33.29 159 -0.7% Decrease
333 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 27.12 33.25 214 20.8% Increase
334 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 28.02 33.07 55 16.3% Increase
335 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 30.08 32.95 117 8.0% Increase
336 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 26.67 32.90 107 21.6% Increase
337 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 35.94 32.82 103 -10.0% Decrease
338 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 24.66 32.72 166 30.8% Increase
339 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 29.76 32.72 117 8.4% Increase
340 Waseda University, Japan 26.51 32.47 145 20.7% Increase
341 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 23.26 31.99 67 35.6% Increase
342 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.84 31.94 97 32.0% Increase
343 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 33.35 31.85 159 -5.9% Decrease
344 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 34.17 31.81 124 -8.2% Decrease
345 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.78 31.54 113 -2.2% Decrease
346 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 25.76 31.44 160 20.3% Increase
347 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 25.67 31.37 138 20.4% Increase
348 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 26.43 31.35 81 16.9% Increase
349 Jinan University (JNU), China 18.69 31.34 102 65.3% Increase
350 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 21.05 31.25 46 46.3% Increase
351 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 39.83 30.70 126 -24.0% Decrease
352 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 27.32 30.54 106 10.2% Increase
353 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 40.16 30.45 115 -25.3% Decrease
354 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 40.44 30.30 113 -26.1% Decrease
355 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 28.81 30.19 286 3.3% Increase
356 Curtin University, Australia 37.35 30.16 132 -20.4% Decrease
357 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 32.82 29.66 83 -10.9% Decrease
358 Osaka Metropolitan University (OMU), Japan 32.91 29.53 88 -11.5% Decrease
359 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 30.51 29.50 52 -4.7% Decrease
360 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 32.11 29.43 72 -9.7% Decrease
361 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 20.41 29.37 99 41.9% Increase
362 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.63 29.21 108 16.9% Increase
363 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 25.52 29.12 118 12.5% Increase
364 Okayama University, Japan 25.76 28.97 144 10.9% Increase
365 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 31.10 28.91 108 -8.4% Decrease
366 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 25.55 28.64 76 10.5% Increase
367 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.21 74 15.2% Increase
368 Kobe University, Japan 30.21 28.13 138 -8.2% Decrease
369 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.55 28.04 298 -6.5% Decrease
370 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 32.08 28.00 321 -13.9% Decrease
371 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 20.73 27.49 182 30.7% Increase
372 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 28.96 27.42 70 -6.6% Decrease
373 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 20.96 27.15 96 27.7% Increase
374 Changzhou University (CZU), China 14.89 27.14 40 79.6% Increase
375 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 23.58 27.10 99 13.3% Increase
376 Shanxi University (SXU), China 18.59 27.00 79 43.2% Increase
377 Laval University (UL), Canada 23.65 26.97 109 12.4% Increase
378 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 21.27 26.70 75 23.7% Increase
379 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 27.20 26.70 105 -3.3% Decrease
380 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 36.87 26.69 64 -28.6% Decrease
381 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 28.60 26.67 95 -8.1% Decrease
382 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 24.19 26.41 86 7.6% Increase
383 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 25.44 26.27 69 1.8% Increase
384 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 31.38 26.24 99 -17.6% Decrease
385 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 28.48 26.22 179 -9.2% Decrease
386 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 36.33 25.97 155 -29.5% Decrease
387 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 23.96 25.73 222 5.9% Increase
388 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 21.47 25.61 140 17.6% Increase
389 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 20.93 25.59 167 20.5% Increase
390 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 23.90 25.57 82 5.5% Increase
391 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 29.44 25.53 41 -14.5% Decrease
392 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 20.37 25.51 83 23.5% Increase
393 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 21.77 25.44 94 15.2% Increase
394 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 29.46 25.36 58 -15.1% Decrease
395 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.70 25.35 85 -2.8% Decrease
396 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 27.08 25.31 246 -7.9% Decrease
397 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 31.42 25.18 77 -21.0% Decrease
398 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.23 25.02 66 1.8% Increase
399 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 31.17 24.91 64 -21.2% Decrease
400 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.43 24.87 54 49.2% Increase
401 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 13.37 24.85 44 83.2% Increase
402 Queen's University, Canada 29.22 24.78 70 -16.4% Decrease
403 Macquarie University, Australia 21.08 24.61 106 15.0% Increase
404 Griffith University, Australia 21.72 24.60 98 11.7% Increase
405 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 23.95 24.51 87 0.9% Increase
406 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 18.21 24.05 210 30.2% Increase
407 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 18.01 23.96 97 31.2% Increase
408 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 20.17 23.72 152 15.9% Increase
409 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 14.77 23.59 49 57.5% Increase
410 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 25.00 23.52 61 -7.3% Decrease
411 ShanghaiTech University, China 10.09 23.40 131 128.7% Increase
412 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 10.55 23.19 50 116.6% Increase
413 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.98 23.04 157 -5.3% Decrease
414 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 31.58 23.00 96 -28.2% Decrease
415 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 18.36 22.87 66 22.8% Increase
416 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 17.62 22.79 55 27.5% Increase
417 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 25.07 22.76 72 -10.5% Decrease
418 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.69 22.72 276 -12.8% Decrease
419 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 27.33 22.43 142 -19.1% Decrease
420 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 14.60 22.34 96 50.9% Increase
421 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 24.37 22.31 141 -9.8% Decrease
422 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 17.82 22.15 86 22.5% Increase
423 University of Potsdam, Germany 34.96 21.94 107 -38.1% Decrease
424 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 20.40 21.86 103 5.6% Increase
425 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 18.87 21.54 65 12.5% Increase
426 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 19.68 21.20 66 6.2% Increase
427 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 17.47 21.17 45 19.5% Increase
428 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 15.16 21.10 61 37.2% Increase
429 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 25.86 20.86 66 -20.5% Decrease
430 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 12.82 20.72 46 59.4% Increase
431 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 21.85 20.68 206 -6.7% Decrease
432 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 13.88 20.58 48 46.1% Increase
433 University of Manitoba, Canada 16.96 20.58 62 19.6% Increase
434 Capital Normal University (CNU), China 11.51 20.55 57 76.0% Increase
435 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 23.86 20.45 84 -15.5% Decrease
436 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 28.24 20.42 126 -28.7% Decrease
437 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 23.39 20.40 58 -14.0% Decrease
438 University of Guelph, Canada 20.14 20.31 73 -0.6% Decrease
439 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 13.79 20.30 56 45.1% Increase
440 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 14.73 20.26 56 35.6% Increase
441 Chiba University, Japan 37.65 20.23 74 -47.0% Decrease
442 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 17.44 20.17 33 14.0% Increase
443 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 12.55 19.99 65 57.0% Increase
444 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 14.79 19.94 85 32.8% Increase
445 University of Siegen, Germany 21.05 19.72 105 -7.6% Decrease
446 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 18.92 19.66 60 2.4% Increase
447 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.03 19.65 162 1.8% Increase
448 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 21.10 19.58 83 -8.5% Decrease
449 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 20.85 19.58 70 -7.4% Decrease
450 University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), United States of America (USA) 17.16 19.51 48 12.1% Increase
451 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 16.43 19.49 72 16.9% Increase
452 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 17.38 19.46 147 10.4% Increase
453 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 23.42 19.43 142 -18.2% Decrease
454 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil 20.09 19.37 181 -5.0% Decrease
455 University of Jinan (UJN), China 16.89 19.35 31 12.9% Increase
456 Montana State University, United States of America (USA) 12.37 19.28 153 53.7% Increase
457 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 10.24 19.20 177 84.9% Increase
458 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 16.39 18.96 60 14.0% Increase
459 Bielefeld University, Germany 20.00 18.90 49 -6.9% Decrease
460 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 24.41 18.84 104 -23.9% Decrease
461 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 16.29 18.67 75 13.0% Increase
462 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 18.46 18.66 56 -0.3% Decrease
463 Henan Normal University, China 20.18 18.51 39 -9.6% Decrease
464 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 24.68 18.45 67 -26.3% Decrease
465 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 26.78 18.43 44 -32.2% Decrease
466 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 25.62 18.39 95 -29.2% Decrease
467 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 9.83 18.34 48 83.9% Increase
468 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 15.53 18.17 28 15.3% Increase
469 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi), India 8.55 18.05 31 108.0% Increase
470 Kumamoto University, Japan 13.03 18.03 52 36.4% Increase
471 Lehigh University, United States of America (USA) 19.93 18.02 43 -10.9% Decrease
472 The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), United States of America (USA) 18.10 17.96 112 -2.2% Decrease
473 Henan University (HENU), China 10.93 17.95 38 62.0% Increase
474 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 20.92 17.86 104 -15.8% Decrease
475 Victoria University of Wellington (Victoria), New Zealand 15.67 17.84 81 12.2% Increase
476 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 16.11 17.57 141 7.6% Increase
477 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 16.60 17.55 82 4.2% Increase
478 São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil 15.95 17.47 124 8.0% Increase
479 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 26.71 17.40 59 -35.8% Decrease
480 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 15.70 17.33 104 8.8% Increase
481 Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), Japan 17.01 17.28 46 0.2% Increase
482 Nanchang University (NCU), China 10.84 17.22 57 56.6% Increase
483 University of Rennes 1, France 13.82 17.20 144 22.7% Increase
484 Ajou University (AJOU), South Korea 12.77 17.17 44 32.6% Increase
485 University of Chile, Chile 14.56 17.10 145 15.7% Increase
486 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 10.97 16.99 77 52.7% Increase
487 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 11.90 16.92 41 40.2% Increase
488 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 21.69 16.87 82 -23.3% Decrease
489 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 16.97 16.86 74 -2.0% Decrease
490 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 22.67 16.71 47 -27.3% Decrease
491 Army Medical University, China 17.12 16.66 53 -4.1% Decrease
492 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 14.46 16.58 64 13.0% Increase
493 National Central University (NCU), Taiwan 16.58 16.52 137 -1.8% Decrease
494 Nagoya Institute of Technology (NITech), Japan 20.02 16.51 24 -18.7% Decrease
495 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 15.99 16.38 82 1.0% Increase
496 University of North Texas (UNT), United States of America (USA) 8.70 16.25 43 84.2% Increase
497 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 22.46 16.23 110 -28.8% Decrease
498 The University of Toledo (UT), United States of America (USA) 20.32 16.22 37 -21.3% Decrease
499 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 6.53 16.19 53 144.5% Increase
500 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 21.06 16.18 69 -24.3% Decrease

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences and health sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 145 natural-science and health-science journals. The journals were selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields. The list is reviewed periodically and journals may be removed or added. Articles from eLife were no longer included in the Nature Index from 2023 after the journal changed its publishing model.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.
  5. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen research leaders.