The top 10 countries that dominate natural sciences research
The United States reigns as the colossus, but China is taking up ever more space, squeezing out European stalwarts.
1 July 2019
Ernesto Del Aguila III, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH
Germany is Europe's strongest science country in the Nature Index, with two institutions in the global top 10: the Max Planck Society, ranked third, and the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, ranked seventh.
Only China and Australia among the top 10 countries increased their adjusted FC in 2018.
Chemistry is China's strongest discipline by far, with high-quality research output nearly double that of the physical sciences.
Japan's decrease in adjusted FC was exceeded only by France's among the top 10 countries.
Correction 12 August 2019: The original version of this article used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data, rankings and graphics have now been corrected.