Time frame: 1 April 2023 - 31 March 2024


Position by research output Share

Global Western Asia
Overall 42 5

Position by research output Share in subject areas

Global Western Asia
Biological sciences 70 7
Chemistry 55 6
Earth & environmental sciences 63 8
Health sciences 67 7
Physical sciences 37 5


Overall research output

Count Share
Overall 292 38.07

Overall Count and Share for '' based on the 12-month time frame mentioned above.

View all articles

Research outputs by subject area

Subject Count Share
Biological sciences 31 2.66
Chemistry 47 4.80
Earth & environmental sciences 29 2.66
Health sciences 49 3.76
Physical sciences 227 31.94

Note: Articles may be assigned to more than one subject area, as a result the sum of the subject research outputs may not equal the overall research outputs.

Note: Hover over the donut graph to view the Share for each subject.

Share output for the past 5 years

Country/territory benchmarking

Nature Strategy Reports

Identify research insights to guide research strategy and grow your impact with our Nature Strategy reports.

  1. Actionable insights into research performance.

  2. Detailed analysis of strengths and weaknesses.

  3. Covers all major disciplines and regions of the world.

Nature Navigator

Data-driven insights for informed research strategy decisions with AI summarisation technology.

  1. Track trends, summarise articles effortlessly.

  2. Spark serendipitous discoveries.

  3. Uncover collaboration opportunities.


Collaboration by percentage of Share

Country/territory Share
China 33.9%
USA 22.2%
Germany 8.4%
Italy 7.6%
UK 7.5%
Switzerland 6.1%
India 4.4%
Saudi Arabia 3.4%
South Korea 3.2%
France 3.1%

Note: Hover over the graph to view collaboration by percentage of Share.

Top 10 collaborators with Pakistan by Share

Top 10 institutions from Pakistan by Share

Latest supplement

Nature Index 2024 China

China's status at the summit of the Nature Index remains unrivalled as the gap between it and the United States grows. The key question is where Chinese research will go next. As the nation seeks international recognition for its scientific achievements, betting big on large-scale experiments, it is also carving its own path in publishing and partnerships. Time will tell how these strategies will shift the status quo of the global research landscape.

Nature Index 2024 China