Efficiency Enhancement of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube-Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells Using Microwave-Exfoliated Few-Layer Black Phosphorus
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Sheets of black phosphorous, a few billionths of a metre thick, could improve the efficiency of certain types of photovoltaic cells, according to a study led by researchers from Flinders University.
Solar cells based on carbon nanotubes and silicon are promising as a cheaper and easier-to-manufacture alternative to crystalline silicon cells. But one challenge with these new solar cells is boosting the efficiency they convert sunlight into electricity.
One approach is to include a layer of ultrathin nanoflakes in the solar cell. Few-layer black phosphorous — also known as phosphorene — has all the right properties to make it suitable for this use.
In this study, the team developed a quick method of manufacturing high-quality phosphorene flakes. When they incorporated these phosphorene flakes into the carbon nanotube–silicon solar cells, they found that the cells’ power conversion efficiency improved significantly.
- Advanced Functional Materials 27, 1704488 (2017). doi: 10.1002/adfm.201704488
|Flinders University, Australia||0.73|
|University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia||0.27|