2023 tables: Institutions - natural sciences

The 2023 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2022.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2021 Share 2022 Count 2022 Change in Adjusted Share* 2021–2022
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1962.82 2053.76 6733 9.9%
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 910.99 812.63 2404 -6.3%
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 781.96 681.51 2459 -8.5%
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 675.22 604.78 4020 -6.0%
5 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 530.38 585.65 2874 15.9%
6 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 495.54 563.26 1609 19.3%
7 Nanjing University (NJU), China 464.03 554.81 1305 25.5%
8 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 606.28 549.76 1556 -4.8%
9 Peking University (PKU), China 493.00 525.33 1977 11.9%
10 Tsinghua University, China 472.34 522.28 1550 16.1%
11 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 565.16 491.07 2302 -8.8%
12 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 533.06 466.38 1791 -8.1%
13 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 416.83 451.71 1159 13.8%
14 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 339.06 401.06 1032 24.2%
15 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 416.77 396.41 1247 -0.1%
16 Fudan University, China 366.99 392.78 1101 12.4%
17 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 341.21 384.72 1122 18.4%
18 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 447.54 376.56 1093 -11.7%
19 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 454.33 360.47 1318 -16.7%
20 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 395.52 347.41 951 -7.8%
21 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 373.55 335.23 1164 -5.8%
22 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 406.71 324.29 863 -16.3%
23 Nankai University (NKU), China 287.22 315.45 729 15.3%
24 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 335.68 311.67 927 -2.5%
25 Sichuan University (SCU), China 269.32 307.29 584 19.8%
26 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 346.94 297.93 893 -9.8%
27 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 318.84 297.48 822 -2.0%
28 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 336.09 295.59 1021 -7.7%
29 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 240.37 292.76 755 27.9%
30 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 314.45 286.52 944 -4.3%
31 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 337.95 276.45 853 -14.1%
32 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 306.49 274.23 897 -6.1%
33 Wuhan University (WHU), China 243.16 264.55 602 14.2%
34 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 302.11 263.54 681 -8.4%
35 Shandong University (SDU), China 212.91 258.79 843 27.6%
36 Xiamen University (XMU), China 206.41 257.82 508 31.1%
37 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 255.26 253.49 896 4.3%
38 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 271.34 252.01 749 -2.5%
39 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 294.66 251.89 703 -10.2%
40 Tianjin University (TJU), China 196.64 249.23 805 33.1%
41 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 281.80 242.94 889 -9.5%
42 Jilin University (JLU), China 193.22 241.67 521 31.3%
43 Soochow University, China 225.96 240.33 526 11.7%
44 Kyoto University, Japan 263.03 236.38 624 -5.6%
45 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 262.16 231.50 797 -7.3%
46 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 270.94 231.04 757 -10.5%
47 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 242.68 227.59 650 -1.5%
48 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 253.54 220.83 669 -8.6%
49 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 228.37 220.69 587 1.5%
50 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 248.97 218.87 895 -7.7%
51 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 198.37 215.44 552 14.0%
52 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 231.86 214.67 538 -2.8%
53 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 196.22 204.56 602 9.5%
54 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 229.14 199.10 643 -8.8%
55 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 221.53 197.19 544 -6.5%
56 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 160.24 190.77 422 25.0%
57 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 136.67 189.54 480 45.6%
58 Leibniz Association, Germany 200.12 188.35 928 -1.2%
59 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 210.99 188.34 608 -6.3%
60 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 211.81 185.23 1130 -8.2%
61 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 242.03 181.91 735 -21.1%
62 Hunan University (HNU), China 180.47 180.39 376 4.9%
63 Tongji University, China 169.81 179.63 551 11.1%
64 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 222.68 179.40 819 -15.4%
65 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 180.11 178.26 667 3.9%
66 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 188.68 174.72 570 -2.8%
67 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 202.84 174.08 584 -9.9%
68 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 232.45 174.03 562 -21.4%
69 Central South University (CSU), China 117.37 172.39 391 54.2%
70 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 186.43 168.73 359 -5.0%
71 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 156.24 168.67 375 13.3%
72 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 187.63 168.13 526 -5.9%
73 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 198.28 167.48 460 -11.3%
74 Osaka University, Japan 189.26 164.15 478 -8.9%
75 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 183.09 163.57 573 -6.2%
76 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 185.46 161.19 386 -8.8%
77 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 121.64 159.29 291 37.5%
78 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 140.78 158.87 352 18.5%
79 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 130.39 156.53 558 26.0%
80 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 171.20 155.11 655 -4.9%
81 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 168.97 154.18 753 -4.2%
82 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 120.17 151.43 335 32.3%
83 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 154.00 149.53 462 1.9%
84 McGill University, Canada 157.09 148.85 526 -0.5%
85 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 140.23 146.17 508 9.4%
86 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 165.50 145.34 618 -7.8%
87 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 142.28 144.61 608 6.7%
88 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 153.10 143.50 476 -1.6%
89 Tohoku University, Japan 136.45 142.83 455 9.9%
90 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 157.08 142.57 479 -4.7%
91 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 151.63 142.17 474 -1.6%
92 Chongqing University (CQU), China 127.64 142.14 308 16.9%
93 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 117.05 139.92 312 25.5%
94 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 97.79 139.26 268 49.5%
95 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 173.46 139.14 585 -15.8%
96 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 143.18 137.47 361 0.8%
97 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 173.31 135.28 707 -18.1%
98 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 160.33 131.42 278 -13.9%
99 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 127.53 130.94 436 7.8%
100 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 147.96 129.99 570 -7.8%
101 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 129.53 129.19 549 4.7%
102 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 142.35 127.81 464 -5.7%
103 RIKEN, Japan 155.46 125.48 547 -15.3%
104 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 107.77 125.32 378 22.1%
105 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 141.09 124.84 385 -7.1%
106 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 101.58 123.76 359 27.9%
107 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 166.98 123.51 590 -22.3%
108 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 134.35 120.98 390 -5.5%
109 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 119.18 119.44 478 5.2%
110 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 156.25 118.30 415 -20.5%
111 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 129.77 116.83 524 -5.5%
112 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 120.09 116.06 441 1.5%
113 Southeast University (SEU), China 97.22 115.29 324 24.5%
114 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 163.85 115.22 452 -26.2%
115 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 107.70 115.12 361 12.2%
116 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 113.62 114.63 399 5.9%
117 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 113.54 114.16 471 5.6%
118 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 137.60 113.44 486 -13.4%
119 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 131.61 113.22 498 -9.7%
120 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 126.91 113.17 406 -6.4%
121 Monash University, Australia 135.90 111.22 485 -14.1%
122 Hokkaido University, Japan 118.98 109.08 265 -3.7%
123 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 115.25 107.91 249 -1.7%
124 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 132.51 106.73 321 -15.4%
125 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 150.77 106.47 325 -25.9%
126 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 136.60 105.80 273 -18.7%
127 Southwest University (SWU), China 85.14 105.73 174 30.4%
128 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 126.52 105.38 395 -12.6%
129 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 150.60 105.21 423 -26.7%
130 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 122.01 105.18 330 -9.5%
131 Nagoya University, Japan 128.80 103.48 337 -15.7%
132 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 96.71 101.54 206 10.2%
133 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 99.59 100.98 233 6.5%
134 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 91.79 100.22 237 14.6%
135 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 114.08 99.73 259 -8.2%
136 Beihang University (BUAA), China 88.62 99.30 389 17.6%
137 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 104.25 99.08 234 -0.2%
138 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 161.30 98.58 390 -35.8%
139 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 115.81 98.52 349 -10.7%
140 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 99.95 98.45 341 3.4%
141 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 97.91 98.21 234 5.3%
142 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 105.03 97.16 1143 -2.9%
143 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 114.08 97.02 489 -10.7%
144 ShanghaiTech University, China 72.05 96.93 342 41.2%
145 Jinan University (JNU), China 81.44 96.56 244 24.5%
146 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 101.72 95.86 545 -1.1%
147 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 105.54 95.51 324 -5.0%
148 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 92.81 95.46 423 8.0%
149 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 79.61 95.12 455 25.4%
150 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 87.45 94.99 270 14.0%
151 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 104.50 94.52 505 -5.0%
152 Yonsei University, South Korea 100.41 94.34 366 -1.4%
153 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 70.73 94.03 203 39.6%
154 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 99.27 93.88 305 -0.7%
155 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 89.19 93.35 320 9.9%
156 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 102.18 93.14 361 -4.3%
157 Shanghai University (SHU), China 72.10 93.03 236 35.5%
158 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 80.92 92.92 953 20.6%
159 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 96.50 92.36 478 0.5%
160 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 103.24 91.63 370 -6.8%
161 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 96.89 90.91 291 -1.5%
162 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 98.02 90.71 553 -2.8%
163 Sorbonne University, France 99.85 90.17 991 -5.2%
164 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 107.95 89.02 316 -13.4%
165 Stockholm University, Sweden 89.33 88.79 454 4.4%
166 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 92.60 88.50 319 0.3%
167 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 97.50 87.72 292 -5.5%
168 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 91.45 87.54 388 0.5%
169 Henan University (HENU), China 59.72 86.14 175 51.4%
170 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 102.78 85.90 464 -12.3%
171 University of Göttingen, Germany 106.64 85.83 327 -15.5%
172 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 93.52 85.52 268 -4.0%
173 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 112.91 85.33 371 -20.7%
174 TU Dresden, Germany 95.41 84.76 407 -6.7%
175 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 88.20 83.67 433 -0.4%
176 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 64.93 83.67 223 35.3%
177 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 96.05 83.41 353 -8.8%
178 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 64.16 83.24 141 36.2%
179 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 99.87 83.20 357 -12.5%
180 Paris Cité University, France 78.19 83.17 862 11.7%
181 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 98.65 83.16 333 -11.5%
182 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 86.45 82.76 294 0.5%
183 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 98.07 82.50 413 -11.7%
184 Lund University (LU), Sweden 84.98 82.46 342 1.9%
185 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 80.19 82.10 269 7.5%
186 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.82 81.89 389 -17.2%
187 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 94.25 81.82 379 -8.9%
188 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 57.53 81.51 223 48.8%
189 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 110.20 81.48 480 -22.4%
190 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 89.58 81.02 336 -5.0%
191 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 96.94 80.95 305 -12.3%
192 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 91.96 80.79 331 -7.8%
193 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 83.53 80.76 175 1.5%
194 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 79.87 80.73 363 6.1%
195 UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), United Kingdom (UK) 92.39 80.67 638 -8.3%
196 Anhui University (AHU), China 58.48 80.64 198 44.8%
197 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 88.78 80.62 222 -4.7%
198 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 97.30 80.38 371 -13.3%
199 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 97.17 80.21 402 -13.3%
200 Kyushu University, Japan 93.06 79.45 259 -10.4%
201 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 92.16 78.76 349 -10.3%
202 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 89.95 78.58 283 -8.3%
203 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 95.96 78.53 254 -14.1%
204 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 80.49 78.44 267 2.3%
205 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 62.48 77.64 235 30.5%
206 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 101.79 77.55 272 -20.0%
207 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 88.89 77.54 342 -8.4%
208 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 100.15 77.34 257 -18.9%
209 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 42.56 77.11 205 90.2%
210 Korea University, South Korea 77.28 76.59 275 4.1%
211 University of Vienna, Austria 80.86 76.52 314 -0.6%
212 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 84.21 76.25 302 -4.9%
213 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 83.61 75.55 528 -5.1%
214 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 88.82 75.46 282 -10.8%
215 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 80.75 74.51 280 -3.1%
216 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 66.01 74.31 249 18.2%
217 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 79.09 74.04 205 -1.7%
218 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 77.13 73.70 344 0.3%
219 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 62.46 73.34 122 23.3%
220 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 97.57 72.58 277 -21.9%
221 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 83.02 72.10 273 -8.8%
222 Northwest University (NWU), China 65.35 71.96 183 15.6%
223 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 75.04 71.35 248 -0.2%
224 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 62.95 70.80 175 18.1%
225 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 67.63 70.45 260 9.4%
226 Leiden University, Netherlands 69.83 69.96 316 5.2%
227 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 69.19 69.92 284 6.1%
228 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 80.22 69.77 390 -8.7%
229 Nanchang University (NCU), China 50.62 69.65 160 44.5%
230 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 83.86 69.24 281 -13.3%
231 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 69.38 68.99 408 4.4%
232 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 68.56 68.70 302 5.2%
233 Qingdao University (QU), China 36.03 68.52 143 99.6%
234 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 93.13 68.48 253 -22.8%
235 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 41.99 68.29 178 70.7%
236 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 73.23 68.06 306 -2.4%
237 University of Helsinki, Finland 63.68 67.64 428 11.5%
238 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 66.39 67.57 240 6.9%
239 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 78.96 66.86 321 -11.1%
240 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 59.30 66.44 146 17.6%
241 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 93.83 66.18 281 -25.9%
242 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 74.21 66.06 239 -6.5%
243 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 89.56 65.70 343 -23.0%
244 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 58.94 65.57 162 16.8%
245 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 66.40 65.24 500 3.2%
246 Donghua University (DHU), China 63.63 64.67 134 6.7%
247 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 81.22 64.49 312 -16.6%
248 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 70.11 64.14 298 -3.9%
249 Jiangsu University (JSU), China 40.76 64.10 117 65.1%
250 Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), China 42.27 63.87 462 58.6%
251 Université PSL, France 64.87 63.21 775 2.3%
252 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 74.43 63.10 255 -11.0%
253 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 68.68 62.55 276 -4.4%
254 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 76.13 62.52 296 -13.8%
255 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 57.84 62.46 299 13.4%
256 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 67.46 62.27 219 -3.1%
257 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 57.41 62.11 200 13.6%
258 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 53.26 62.02 339 22.2%
259 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 75.92 61.73 187 -14.6%
260 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 56.69 61.62 159 14.1%
261 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 44.97 61.57 198 43.8%
262 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 58.30 60.66 282 9.3%
263 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 88.13 60.61 276 -27.8%
264 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 38.61 60.17 100 63.6%
265 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 46.06 59.77 120 36.3%
266 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 59.80 59.18 143 3.9%
267 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 34.20 58.97 281 81.0%
268 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 58.36 58.07 143 4.5%
269 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 58.38 58.03 365 4.4%
270 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 71.87 57.81 333 -15.6%
271 University of Lyon, France 62.98 57.71 438 -3.8%
272 University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School (UMass Chan Medical School), United States of America (USA) 67.05 57.66 198 -9.7%
273 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 48.81 57.45 324 23.6%
274 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 67.44 57.40 291 -10.6%
275 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 50.53 57.00 142 18.4%
276 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 68.92 56.99 252 -13.2%
277 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 48.18 56.59 184 23.3%
278 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 73.56 56.15 135 -19.9%
279 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 77.26 56.05 184 -23.8%
280 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 70.19 55.94 221 -16.3%
281 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 70.19 55.81 234 -16.5%
282 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 59.96 55.51 283 -2.8%
283 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 64.79 55.36 224 -10.3%
284 Henan Normal University, China 38.20 55.20 231 51.7%
285 Westlake University, China 33.95 55.06 154 70.3%
286 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 57.87 54.85 193 -0.5%
287 Jiangnan University, China 47.56 54.68 113 20.7%
288 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 67.48 54.59 221 -15.1%
289 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 49.44 54.31 104 15.3%
290 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 66.60 54.00 297 -14.9%
291 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 58.77 53.78 326 -3.9%
292 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 59.98 53.70 370 -6.0%
293 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 50.70 53.14 194 10.0%
294 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 66.49 52.87 268 -16.5%
295 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 61.24 52.85 288 -9.4%
296 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 68.05 52.85 164 -18.5%
297 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 60.83 52.45 321 -9.5%
298 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 45.32 52.39 137 21.4%
299 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 51.94 52.36 205 5.9%
300 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 53.47 51.60 123 1.3%
301 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 51.34 51.59 195 5.5%
302 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 66.95 51.45 233 -19.3%
303 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 34.77 51.19 120 54.6%
304 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 55.40 51.00 207 -3.4%
305 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 64.55 50.80 170 -17.4%
306 Yunnan University (YNU), China 44.07 50.79 156 21.0%
307 University of Waterloo, Canada 76.03 50.19 145 -30.7%
308 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 57.80 50.12 171 -9.0%
309 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 56.92 49.94 118 -7.9%
310 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 39.98 49.62 94 30.3%
311 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 49.09 49.59 337 6.1%
312 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 55.37 49.55 120 -6.0%
313 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 46.03 49.36 184 12.6%
314 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 46.56 49.10 168 10.7%
315 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 51.60 48.97 188 -0.3%
316 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 42.66 48.78 164 20.0%
317 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 56.51 48.28 216 -10.3%
318 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 50.93 47.77 400 -1.5%
319 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 60.04 47.70 143 -16.6%
320 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 51.31 47.49 160 -2.8%
321 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 44.03 47.36 182 12.9%
322 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 51.09 47.30 297 -2.8%
323 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 58.73 46.91 174 -16.1%
324 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 47.62 46.85 174 3.3%
325 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 59.10 46.72 192 -17.0%
326 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 46.77 46.62 510 4.6%
327 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 57.25 46.58 186 -14.6%
328 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 36.52 46.50 101 33.7%
329 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 46.88 46.46 261 4.0%
330 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 33.47 46.35 113 45.4%
331 University of Strasbourg, France 54.72 46.24 367 -11.3%
332 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 52.58 46.14 190 -7.9%
333 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 44.11 45.83 171 9.1%
334 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 50.38 45.78 228 -4.6%
335 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 29.20 45.69 111 64.3%
336 Guangxi University (GXU), China 22.00 45.68 167 118.0%
337 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 49.11 45.65 178 -2.4%
338 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.16 45.64 142 -9.9%
339 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 43.53 45.38 287 9.4%
340 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 58.26 45.09 150 -18.7%
341 Hebei University (HBU), China 33.77 44.91 103 39.6%
342 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 44.81 44.75 175 4.9%
343 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 38.26 44.74 185 22.8%
344 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 51.02 44.67 152 -8.1%
345 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 63.24 44.63 203 -25.9%
346 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 53.41 44.47 258 -12.6%
347 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 39.68 44.30 188 17.2%
348 Ningbo University (NBU), China 44.61 44.16 115 3.9%
349 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 57.33 44.16 114 -19.1%
350 Anhui Normal University (AHNU), China 40.44 44.08 95 14.4%
351 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 45.50 44.07 217 1.7%
352 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 48.64 44.06 191 -4.9%
353 University of Jinan (UJN), China 31.04 44.03 117 48.9%
354 Southern Medical University (SMU), China 35.02 43.90 120 31.6%
355 Keio University, Japan 51.97 43.90 128 -11.3%
356 Wenzhou University (WZU), China 32.33 43.86 91 42.4%
357 Western University (UWO), Canada 43.29 43.27 113 4.9%
358 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 60.89 42.34 162 -27.0%
359 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 70.02 42.08 178 -36.9%
360 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 56.14 42.01 144 -21.4%
361 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 51.91 41.94 265 -15.2%
362 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 40.76 41.93 210 8.0%
363 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 44.08 41.88 180 -0.3%
364 University of Toulouse, France 45.37 41.85 355 -3.2%
365 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 44.30 41.76 292 -1.0%
366 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 53.06 41.21 563 -18.5%
367 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 59.77 41.13 250 -27.7%
368 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 54.98 41.05 117 -21.6%
369 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 27.35 41.02 52 57.5%
370 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 60.09 41.02 204 -28.3%
371 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 40.92 41.00 387 5.2%
372 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 40.99 40.92 97 4.8%
373 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 68.53 40.62 254 -37.8%
374 University of Montpellier, France 49.52 40.61 369 -13.9%
375 Zhejiang Normal University (ZJNU), China 26.94 40.55 77 58.0%
376 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 46.90 40.55 139 -9.2%
377 University of Konstanz, Germany 44.21 40.34 97 -4.2%
378 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 38.87 40.20 241 8.6%
379 Xidian University, China 24.12 40.00 94 74.1%
380 Leipzig University, Germany 42.65 40.00 191 -1.5%
381 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 35.65 39.77 124 17.1%
382 Pasteur Institute, France 46.73 39.71 275 -10.8%
383 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 49.85 39.56 267 -16.7%
384 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 38.47 39.53 167 7.9%
385 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 46.77 39.44 106 -11.5%
386 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 20.49 39.43 142 102.0%
387 University of Tsukuba, Japan 49.75 39.32 207 -17.0%
388 Northeastern University (NEU), China 44.18 39.24 69 -6.7%
389 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 42.80 39.22 178 -3.8%
390 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 34.64 38.99 101 18.2%
391 Ulm University, Germany 40.84 38.84 145 -0.2%
392 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 43.72 38.72 82 -7.0%
393 Aalto University, Finland 49.68 38.61 223 -18.4%
394 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 43.54 38.50 135 -7.2%
395 Guangzhou University (GU), China 28.65 38.05 93 39.4%
396 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 30.57 37.88 290 30.1%
397 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 41.44 37.58 150 -4.8%
398 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 44.77 37.28 205 -12.6%
399 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 31.35 37.20 217 24.6%
400 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 40.37 37.18 67 -3.3%
401 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 41.98 37.02 151 -7.4%
402 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 43.10 36.86 187 -10.2%
403 The University of Dublin, Ireland 35.91 36.85 157 7.7%
404 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 26.02 36.80 189 48.5%
405 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 31.12 36.69 273 23.8%
406 Changzhou University (CZU), China 40.69 36.64 70 -5.5%
407 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 40.48 36.46 109 -5.4%
408 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 49.53 36.45 142 -22.7%
409 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 37.51 36.40 111 1.9%
410 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 42.17 36.17 158 -10.0%
411 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 43.33 36.02 233 -12.7%
412 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 41.85 35.83 268 -10.1%
413 Nantong University (NTU), China 29.01 35.74 87 29.4%
414 TU Dortmund University, Germany 36.78 35.60 147 1.6%
415 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 36.73 35.56 130 1.6%
416 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 34.01 35.51 137 9.6%
417 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 28.87 35.30 396 28.3%
418 Osaka Metropolitan University (OMU), Japan 38.56 35.20 113 -4.2%
419 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 22.54 35.13 51 63.6%
420 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 43.64 35.13 168 -15.5%
421 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 35.01 34.88 56 4.6%
422 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 37.65 34.88 144 -2.7%
423 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 26.20 34.85 76 39.6%
424 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 39.01 34.85 116 -6.2%
425 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 43.86 34.73 177 -16.9%
426 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 44.54 34.46 144 -18.8%
427 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 42.70 34.41 168 -15.4%
428 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 36.97 33.83 117 -3.9%
429 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 37.95 33.68 155 -6.8%
430 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 30.60 33.31 62 14.3%
431 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 45.41 33.30 227 -23.0%
432 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 48.40 32.96 152 -28.5%
433 Hangzhou Normal University (HZNU), China 23.63 32.95 114 46.4%
434 University of Potsdam, Germany 27.78 32.82 182 24.0%
435 Tianjin University of Technology (TJUT), China 20.00 32.74 77 71.9%
436 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 37.44 32.73 186 -8.2%
437 McMaster University, Canada 46.28 32.72 99 -25.8%
438 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 41.25 32.36 258 -17.6%
439 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 32.10 32.24 81 5.4%
440 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 27.65 32.24 118 22.4%
441 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 30.40 31.76 109 9.7%
442 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 38.34 31.64 129 -13.4%
443 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 43.17 31.56 97 -23.2%
444 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Thiruvananthapuram (IISER TVM), India 18.37 31.23 47 78.4%
445 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 32.37 31.08 116 0.8%
446 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 26.48 31.04 108 23.1%
447 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 30.83 30.88 127 5.2%
448 University of Stuttgart, Germany 34.20 30.81 102 -5.4%
449 Tianjin Medical University (TMU), China 17.00 30.68 96 89.5%
450 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 23.84 30.48 91 34.2%
451 Shanxi University (SXU), China 37.10 30.30 150 -14.3%
452 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 27.17 30.25 232 16.9%
453 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 39.21 30.24 205 -19.0%
454 Curtin University, Australia 33.08 30.24 160 -4.0%
455 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 28.75 30.16 77 10.1%
456 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 35.27 30.04 159 -10.6%
457 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 34.90 29.98 242 -9.8%
458 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 26.22 29.87 144 19.6%
459 Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA), China 21.70 29.86 68 44.5%
460 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 22.88 29.81 67 36.8%
461 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 39.58 29.76 99 -21.1%
462 South Central University for Nationalities (SCUN), China 11.87 29.75 49 163.1%
463 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 50.71 29.64 52 -38.6%
464 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 37.20 29.58 122 -16.5%
465 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.32 29.44 548 1.9%
466 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 33.75 29.40 177 -8.5%
467 Zhejiang Sci-Tech University (ZSTU), China 19.87 29.37 59 55.1%
468 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 42.08 29.28 139 -26.9%
469 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 35.24 29.27 108 -12.8%
470 Hubei University (HUBU), China 32.07 29.25 66 -4.2%
471 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi), India 25.96 29.24 59 18.3%
472 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 29.28 29.21 98 4.7%
473 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 25.84 29.04 263 18.0%
474 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 23.79 28.98 157 27.9%
475 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.50 28.96 105 -23.0%
476 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali (IISER Mohali), India 25.62 28.85 53 18.2%
477 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.88 28.83 123 -7.9%
478 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 44.40 28.83 92 -31.8%
479 University of Macau (UM), China 19.70 28.56 112 52.2%
480 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 37.39 28.49 92 -20.0%
481 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 22.40 28.31 117 32.7%
482 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 37.29 28.24 202 -20.5%
483 Jiangxi Normal University (JXNU), China 31.38 28.22 70 -5.6%
484 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 29.86 28.07 174 -1.3%
485 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 31.59 28.01 100 -6.9%
486 Nanjing Forestry University (NFU), China 22.64 27.94 86 29.6%
487 Guangxi Normal University (GXNU), China 18.68 27.93 87 57.0%
488 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 34.51 27.92 114 -15.0%
489 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 32.77 27.62 95 -11.5%
490 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 24.24 27.62 203 19.6%
491 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 29.25 27.52 225 -1.2%
492 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 33.45 27.51 71 -13.6%
493 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 27.60 27.38 266 4.1%
494 University of Bordeaux, France 37.97 27.31 230 -24.5%
495 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 28.14 27.10 109 1.1%
496 Southwest Jiaotong University (SWJTU), China 15.24 26.99 58 85.9%
497 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 32.66 26.89 193 -13.6%
498 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 28.92 26.60 65 -3.4%
499 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 34.99 26.57 197 -20.3%
500 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 33.16 26.38 150 -16.5%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals through 2022, in 2023 64 health-science journals were added to the Index. The 146 journals in the Nature Index were selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2022 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.