2020 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 879.83 923.87 2,616 1.6%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 628.10 647.61 1,659 -0.2%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 572.10 561.52 1,865 -5.0%
4 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 351.04 456.09 1,233 25.7%
5 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 412.45 455.53 1,374 6.9%
6 Peking University (PKU), China 413.64 437.97 1,619 2.5%
7 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 448.83 431.41 1,191 -7.0%
8 Tsinghua University, China 399.09 428.68 1,393 3.9%
9 Nanjing University (NJU), China 393.00 426.56 1,056 5.0%
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 448.39 419.32 1,326 -9.5%
11 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 326.92 408.57 2,342 20.9%
12 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 418.68 403.35 1,051 -6.8%
13 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 396.08 389.94 1,264 -4.7%
14 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 344.46 343.83 941 -3.4%
15 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 333.54 341.40 1,027 -1.0%
16 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 348.27 338.83 889 -5.9%
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 338.03 338.53 1,093 -3.1%
18 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 290.53 330.62 817 10.1%
19 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 286.52 320.29 1,018 8.2%
20 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 331.87 317.85 764 -7.3%
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 321.59 309.72 853 -6.8%
22 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 318.49 304.04 988 -7.6%
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 293.43 303.96 984 0.2%
24 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 307.69 300.83 852 -5.4%
25 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 236.58 287.39 924 17.5%
26 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 293.93 286.48 889 -5.7%
27 Fudan University, China 260.25 271.65 741 1.0%
28 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 223.85 268.84 642 16.2%
29 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 288.02 261.02 728 -12.3%
30 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 196.35 259.97 634 28.1%
31 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 255.27 255.63 724 -3.1%
32 Kyoto University, Japan 289.61 252.11 683 -15.8%
33 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 231.55 244.55 796 2.2%
34 Nankai University (NKU), China 198.82 243.90 599 18.7%
35 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.33 238.07 738 10.6%
36 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 202.89 236.08 691 12.6%
37 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 238.49 231.61 623 -6.0%
38 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 246.09 230.69 608 -9.3%
39 Soochow University, China 193.50 229.36 455 14.7%
40 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 207.79 227.20 712 5.8%
41 Sichuan University (SCU), China 181.77 223.73 399 19.1%
42 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 277.09 222.24 657 -22.4%
43 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 233.27 220.39 888 -8.6%
44 Wuhan University (WHU), China 195.71 217.14 495 7.4%
45 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 202.08 216.57 865 3.7%
46 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.31 215.72 634 -3.1%
47 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 239.77 214.16 663 -13.6%
48 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 184.18 200.65 641 5.4%
49 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 214.60 200.57 562 -9.6%
50 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 211.70 197.81 569 -9.6%
51 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 150.91 194.89 467 25.0%
52 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 175.91 192.48 598 5.9%
53 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 201.42 184.04 677 -11.6%
54 Xiamen University (XMU), China 150.49 182.90 358 17.6%
55 Osaka University, Japan 171.56 182.59 489 3.0%
56 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 193.75 170.48 693 -14.9%
57 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.13 168.34 490 -1.9%
58 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.99 168.10 499 -10.1%
59 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 178.97 164.45 551 -11.1%
60 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 174.11 163.51 710 -9.1%
61 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 148.33 162.63 467 6.1%
62 Jilin University (JLU), China 114.56 161.71 350 36.6%
63 McGill University, Canada 146.46 161.37 569 6.6%
64 Tianjin University (TJU), China 114.58 157.12 600 32.7%
65 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 152.12 157.10 551 -0.1%
66 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.67 154.77 595 2.8%
67 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 180.07 153.37 423 -17.6%
68 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 162.36 151.84 349 -9.5%
69 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 158.66 151.43 609 -7.6%
70 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 141.88 150.74 666 2.8%
71 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 126.80 149.51 388 14.1%
72 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 141.12 149.30 403 2.4%
73 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 151.18 146.61 484 -6.2%
74 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.95 146.03 552 -3.8%
75 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 136.35 145.73 499 3.4%
76 Hunan University (HNU), China 119.08 144.25 289 17.2%
77 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 132.89 143.99 470 4.9%
78 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 159.52 142.81 470 -13.4%
79 Tohoku University, Japan 166.72 142.55 441 -17.3%
80 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 153.03 139.82 417 -11.6%
81 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 121.57 139.78 314 11.3%
82 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.33 138.80 565 4.7%
83 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 132.16 136.44 659 -0.1%
84 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 126.52 135.01 475 3.3%
85 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 143.17 134.55 491 -9.1%
86 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 122.30 133.61 465 5.7%
87 Monash University, Australia 125.59 131.75 526 1.5%
88 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 92.35 128.09 375 34.2%
89 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 126.04 126.92 328 -2.6%
90 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 136.24 124.28 642 -11.7%
91 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 112.92 123.60 585 5.9%
92 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 110.53 122.99 279 7.7%
93 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 113.33 122.57 415 4.7%
94 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 108.75 120.74 369 7.4%
95 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 107.39 120.59 376 8.7%
96 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 101.01 119.47 326 14.4%
97 Shandong University (SDU), China 113.02 119.09 515 2.0%
98 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 106.87 117.86 244 6.7%
99 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 111.97 116.95 291 1.1%
100 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 100.19 116.93 299 12.9%
101 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 150.44 116.65 452 -25.0%
102 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 110.44 116.54 400 2.1%
103 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 117.08 115.86 285 -4.2%
104 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 94.56 115.64 345 18.3%
105 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.19 114.79 366 -0.1%
106 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 97.74 113.63 425 12.5%
107 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.32 113.20 354 3.0%
108 Nagoya University, Japan 131.65 112.83 392 -17.1%
109 Sorbonne University, France 104.35 112.49 1,141 4.3%
110 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 115.54 111.89 406 -6.3%
111 Hokkaido University, Japan 114.17 111.33 266 -5.6%
112 Tongji University, China 105.69 110.20 350 0.9%
113 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 106.21 109.64 232 -0.1%
114 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 131.89 109.32 321 -19.8%
115 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 105.14 108.96 326 0.3%
116 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 79.15 108.53 217 32.7%
117 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 87.28 108.21 328 20.0%
118 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 91.94 107.02 561 12.6%
119 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 105.67 106.82 245 -2.2%
120 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 86.70 105.72 202 18.0%
121 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 85.39 105.20 344 19.2%
122 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 100.85 104.87 382 0.6%
123 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 93.96 104.80 347 7.9%
124 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 90.82 102.65 555 9.4%
125 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 101.46 102.31 383 -2.4%
126 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 104.46 102.19 545 -5.3%
127 University of Göttingen, Germany 100.84 101.35 358 -2.7%
128 Kyushu University, Japan 87.70 100.48 314 10.9%
129 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 111.70 98.17 281 -15.0%
130 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 100.61 97.55 347 -6.2%
131 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 89.09 97.09 390 5.5%
132 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 99.21 95.83 309 -6.5%
133 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 77.02 95.46 275 19.9%
134 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 85.62 93.83 257 6.0%
135 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 107.00 93.60 323 -15.4%
136 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 106.74 93.13 445 -15.6%
137 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.40 93.00 411 -13.0%
138 TU Dresden, Germany 84.05 92.05 416 6.0%
139 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.82 91.88 424 4.8%
140 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 93.38 91.37 324 -5.3%
141 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 91.32 90.90 362 -3.7%
142 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 96.18 90.57 253 -8.9%
143 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 64.07 90.26 164 36.3%
144 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 75.69 90.21 355 15.3%
145 Beihang University (BUAA), China 77.82 90.07 376 12.0%
146 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 89.07 88.67 571 -3.7%
147 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 83.07 88.16 291 2.7%
148 Yonsei University, South Korea 87.93 88.08 271 -3.1%
149 Central South University (CSU), China 59.34 87.64 235 42.9%
150 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 73.38 87.23 194 15.0%
151 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 79.78 86.95 339 5.5%
152 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 81.14 86.95 286 3.7%
153 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 74.39 86.91 296 13.1%
154 University of Vienna, Austria 70.01 86.40 293 19.4%
155 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 71.87 86.39 205 16.3%
156 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 78.56 86.06 414 6.0%
157 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 90.87 85.03 308 -9.5%
158 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.21 85.03 266 -3.4%
159 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 80.58 84.82 220 1.8%
160 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 69.31 84.80 225 18.4%
161 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.74 84.51 365 -12.8%
162 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 89.21 83.98 298 -8.9%
163 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 78.15 83.10 416 2.9%
164 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 92.32 82.72 325 -13.3%
165 Leiden University, Netherlands 76.65 82.57 358 4.2%
166 Stockholm University, Sweden 86.68 82.46 489 -7.9%
167 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 87.91 82.33 224 -9.4%
168 Southeast University (SEU), China 76.65 81.26 189 2.6%
169 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 96.67 80.84 221 -19.1%
170 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 48.21 80.38 308 61.3%
171 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 66.74 79.91 173 15.9%
172 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 75.99 79.61 387 1.4%
173 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 63.35 79.55 296 21.5%
174 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 81.11 78.96 276 -5.8%
175 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 54.09 78.90 266 41.2%
176 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 83.59 78.66 329 -8.9%
177 Southwest University (SWU), China 56.50 78.21 124 33.9%
178 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 70.70 77.55 362 6.1%
179 Lund University (LU), Sweden 81.14 77.27 342 -7.8%
180 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 98.98 75.96 347 -25.7%
181 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 84.39 75.76 321 -13.1%
182 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 87.86 75.75 410 -16.6%
183 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 77.24 74.94 350 -6.1%
184 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 93.42 74.24 271 -23.1%
185 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 68.40 74.16 485 4.9%
186 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 80.20 73.63 289 -11.2%
187 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 67.23 73.57 315 5.9%
188 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 58.27 72.72 402 20.7%
189 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 85.13 72.67 263 -17.4%
190 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 75.27 72.65 326 -6.6%
191 University of Paris, France 73.35 72.51 764 -4.3%
192 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.48 72.41 287 -4.7%
193 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 75.10 72.19 337 -7.0%
194 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 61.16 71.75 274 13.5%
195 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 89.75 71.44 354 -23.0%
196 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 76.88 71.21 249 -10.4%
197 University of Waterloo, Canada 66.36 70.86 209 3.3%
198 Université PSL, France 59.12 70.77 736 15.8%
199 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.32 69.60 692 -5.6%
200 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 62.27 68.37 389 6.2%
201 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 63.07 68.24 152 4.7%
202 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 57.04 67.21 228 14.0%
203 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 67.43 66.98 113 -3.9%
204 Jinan University (JNU), China 48.15 66.02 169 32.7%
205 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 74.77 65.77 192 -14.9%
206 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.39 65.56 455 10.5%
207 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 54.93 65.43 182 15.3%
208 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 61.22 65.39 272 3.4%
209 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.05 65.36 209 -4.2%
210 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 70.58 65.33 271 -10.4%
211 Korea University, South Korea 52.82 65.29 282 19.6%
212 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 57.72 64.91 206 8.8%
213 University of Helsinki, Finland 62.17 64.79 415 0.8%
214 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 75.74 64.25 242 -17.9%
215 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 67.90 64.18 291 -8.5%
216 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 46.57 63.92 135 32.8%
217 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 75.32 63.57 240 -18.3%
218 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 57.61 63.55 209 6.7%
219 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 56.41 63.54 342 9.0%
220 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 53.02 63.15 360 15.2%
221 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 74.08 62.85 313 -17.9%
222 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 77.72 62.45 305 -22.3%
223 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 56.55 62.19 370 6.4%
224 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 54.65 61.06 177 8.1%
225 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 59.80 60.96 214 -1.4%
226 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 48.70 60.92 162 21.0%
227 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 53.74 60.47 213 8.9%
228 Shanghai University (SHU), China 41.08 60.39 153 42.2%
229 University of Lyon, France 56.75 60.18 415 2.6%
230 Chongqing University (CQU), China 55.82 59.18 145 2.6%
231 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 67.18 59.06 512 -14.9%
232 University of Strasbourg, France 53.14 59.04 432 7.5%
233 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 49.10 59.03 200 16.3%
234 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.75 58.63 192 0.0%
235 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 63.18 58.19 209 -10.9%
236 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 33.90 58.03 181 65.7%
237 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 61.48 57.70 162 -9.2%
238 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.68 57.49 152 21.8%
239 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 61.31 56.54 306 -10.8%
240 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.68 56.42 152 -14.3%
241 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.31 55.96 276 -0.3%
242 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.49 55.87 221 -7.6%
243 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 53.18 55.54 169 1.1%
244 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 66.06 55.45 185 -18.8%
245 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 40.42 55.08 151 31.9%
246 Northwest University (NWU), China 52.42 54.94 122 1.4%
247 University of Tsukuba, Japan 39.56 54.92 257 34.3%
248 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 47.78 54.46 117 10.3%
249 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 51.59 54.21 302 1.7%
250 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 36.13 53.90 188 44.3%
251 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.92 53.86 154 -10.0%
252 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.96 53.67 193 1.9%
253 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 36.40 53.23 225 41.5%
254 Western University (UWO), Canada 57.50 53.02 128 -10.8%
255 ShanghaiTech University, China 36.63 52.99 216 39.9%
256 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 57.25 52.77 185 -10.8%
257 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 69.58 52.69 220 -26.7%
258 University of Konstanz, Germany 33.24 52.51 106 52.9%
259 University of Toulouse, France 49.80 52.29 420 1.6%
260 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 55.61 51.98 156 -9.6%
261 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 56.87 51.87 154 -11.7%
262 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 43.86 51.78 272 14.2%
263 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 53.96 51.76 211 -7.2%
264 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 51.02 51.25 265 -2.8%
265 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 45.90 51.24 236 8.0%
266 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.12 51.00 117 11.9%
267 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 53.25 50.81 240 -7.7%
268 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 44.82 50.41 109 8.8%
269 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 39.17 50.31 382 24.3%
270 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 47.55 50.01 176 1.8%
271 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 29.40 49.82 155 64.0%
272 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 51.10 49.71 194 -5.9%
273 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 26.51 49.36 114 80.2%
274 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 53.18 49.33 163 -10.2%
275 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.36 49.24 208 18.0%
276 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 38.22 48.85 84 23.7%
277 Henan Normal University, China 26.30 48.80 115 79.5%
278 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 50.94 48.53 294 -7.8%
279 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 49.89 48.08 295 -6.7%
280 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.86 47.29 212 -26.0%
281 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 55.19 47.24 179 -17.2%
282 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 42.58 46.19 320 5.0%
283 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 49.11 46.19 195 -9.0%
284 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 39.72 46.03 144 12.1%
285 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 43.84 46.00 546 1.5%
286 Henan University (HENU), China 28.30 45.77 113 56.5%
287 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 46.81 45.74 179 -5.4%
288 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 38.22 45.65 79 15.6%
289 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 55.91 45.50 158 -21.3%
290 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.39 45.41 440 -5.3%
291 University of Jinan (UJN), China 23.19 44.96 92 87.6%
292 McMaster University, Canada 41.48 44.57 115 4.0%
293 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 46.60 44.56 180 -7.5%
294 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 52.91 44.19 415 -19.2%
295 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.06 44.04 180 -46.1%
296 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 40.80 43.92 218 4.1%
297 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 50.08 43.80 243 -15.4%
298 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 49.04 43.78 333 -13.6%
299 University of Montpellier, France 43.82 43.69 381 -3.5%
300 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 29.23 43.65 141 44.5%
301 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 35.46 43.62 120 19.0%
302 Keio University, Japan 55.97 43.61 118 -24.6%
303 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 49.30 43.02 202 -15.6%
304 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 47.92 42.91 150 -13.3%
305 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 47.10 42.88 120 -11.9%
306 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 19.86 42.74 105 108.3%
307 Donghua University (DHU), China 24.71 42.70 95 67.2%
308 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 40.87 42.62 172 0.9%
309 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 43.66 42.32 175 -6.2%
310 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 26.67 42.14 147 52.9%
311 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 31.35 42.07 91 29.9%
312 The University of Dublin, Ireland 32.51 41.90 150 24.7%
313 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 37.14 41.84 90 9.0%
314 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 34.94 41.77 138 15.7%
315 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 41.34 41.52 97 -2.8%
316 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 37.33 41.27 193 7.0%
317 Okayama University, Japan 30.71 41.25 159 30.0%
318 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 46.06 41.02 226 -13.8%
319 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 48.47 40.91 153 -18.3%
320 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.59 40.86 154 -20.3%
321 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 39.56 40.77 145 -0.3%
322 Nanchang University (NCU), China 25.22 40.74 108 56.3%
323 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 37.03 39.92 105 4.3%
324 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 35.81 39.90 233 7.8%
325 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 31.67 39.69 140 21.2%
326 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 40.97 39.30 161 -7.2%
327 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 42.31 39.24 160 -10.3%
328 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 35.80 38.66 102 4.5%
329 Aalto University, Finland 43.27 38.39 244 -14.1%
330 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 23.66 38.15 85 56.0%
331 Ulm University, Germany 38.87 37.67 151 -6.2%
332 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 21.70 37.60 89 67.7%
333 University of Stuttgart, Germany 42.60 37.45 118 -14.9%
334 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 42.78 37.24 134 -15.8%
335 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.06 37.23 159 -2.8%
336 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 37.57 36.52 161 -5.9%
337 University of Bordeaux, France 42.35 36.38 263 -16.9%
338 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 52.68 36.29 223 -33.4%
339 Jiangnan University, China 23.32 36.18 84 50.1%
340 Curtin University, Australia 38.00 35.93 154 -8.5%
341 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 46.49 35.78 126 -25.5%
342 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 31.19 35.26 307 9.4%
343 TU Dortmund University, Germany 31.72 35.12 177 7.1%
344 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 20.54 35.05 64 65.1%
345 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 35.29 34.97 142 -4.1%
346 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 29.80 34.84 175 13.1%
347 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.57 34.74 219 31.4%
348 National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (NYCU), Taiwan 30.50 34.72 110 10.2%
349 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 33.01 34.69 70 1.7%
350 Changzhou University (CZU), China 23.46 34.60 58 42.7%
351 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 29.73 34.52 147 12.4%
352 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 21.00 34.48 73 58.9%
353 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 25.57 33.84 249 28.1%
354 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 31.05 33.59 113 4.7%
355 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.40 33.57 143 3.4%
356 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 37.26 33.10 124 -14.0%
357 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 31.94 33.07 117 0.2%
358 Leipzig University, Germany 39.74 33.07 139 -19.5%
359 University of Otago, New Zealand 25.79 32.88 143 23.4%
360 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 23.68 32.83 120 34.1%
361 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 33.55 32.75 90 -5.5%
362 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 33.43 32.67 307 -5.5%
363 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.34 32.39 201 -18.3%
364 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 43.94 32.03 130 -29.5%
365 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 24.82 32.00 151 24.7%
366 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 31.88 200 5.3%
367 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 43.83 31.85 173 -29.7%
368 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 53.69 31.39 164 -43.4%
369 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 34.32 31.13 112 -12.2%
370 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 28.67 31.07 100 4.9%
371 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.26 30.44 51 -11.5%
372 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 29.86 30.36 90 -1.6%
373 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 28.87 30.30 114 1.5%
374 Qingdao University (QU), China 16.91 30.16 84 72.6%
375 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 18.41 29.87 77 57.0%
376 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.06 29.83 110 43.9%
377 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 28.13 29.44 95 1.3%
378 Macquarie University, Australia 17.19 29.37 141 65.3%
379 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 23.35 29.22 155 21.1%
380 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 25.82 29.12 212 9.1%
381 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 25.58 28.90 160 9.3%
382 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 32.95 28.86 118 -15.3%
383 Shanxi University (SXU), China 26.57 28.72 131 4.6%
384 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 37.87 28.57 135 -27.0%
385 University of Potsdam, Germany 24.17 28.35 156 13.5%
386 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 32.19 28.17 194 -15.3%
387 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.32 28.10 100 16.6%
388 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 28.47 27.95 80 -5.0%
389 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 31.87 27.81 73 -15.6%
390 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 36.44 27.78 82 -26.2%
391 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 39.62 27.59 110 -32.6%
392 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 28.89 27.51 278 -7.9%
393 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 21.71 27.31 96 21.7%
394 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 32.93 27.28 133 -19.8%
395 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 23.40 27.26 115 12.7%
396 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 23.35 27.19 186 12.7%
397 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 23.96 27.15 94 9.6%
398 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 33.68 27.14 67 -22.0%
399 Anhui University (AHU), China 27.21 27.04 90 -3.8%
400 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 21.50 26.73 128 20.3%
401 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 18.48 26.49 92 38.7%
402 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.03 26.42 131 -22.6%
403 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.15 26.35 301 1.4%
404 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 30.00 26.21 250 -15.5%
405 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.73 26.11 89 42.5%
406 Capital Normal University (CNU), China 14.57 25.80 58 71.3%
407 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 24.47 25.70 48 1.6%
408 Northeastern University (NEU), China 24.63 25.67 44 0.9%
409 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 31.09 25.66 68 -20.1%
410 Waseda University, Japan 26.56 25.63 117 -6.6%
411 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 36.92 25.53 116 -33.1%
412 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 24.66 25.40 81 -0.3%
413 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 33.23 25.35 148 -26.2%
414 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 30.24 25.30 91 -19.1%
415 Qufu Normal University (QFNU), China 19.56 25.21 48 24.8%
416 Hangzhou Normal University (HZNU), China 12.68 25.20 72 92.3%
417 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 27.97 25.10 129 -13.2%
418 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 23.67 25.08 42 2.5%
419 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 10.82 25.03 76 123.9%
420 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 34.25 24.94 188 -29.5%
421 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 31.02 24.76 182 -22.8%
422 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 23.94 24.71 132 -0.1%
423 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 18.16 24.59 81 31.0%
424 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 21.78 24.58 97 9.2%
425 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 21.12 24.50 148 12.3%
426 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 18.89 24.40 61 25.0%
427 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 23.11 24.32 56 1.8%
428 Yunnan University (YNU), China 15.63 24.19 63 49.7%
429 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 23.96 24.17 129 -2.4%
430 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 27.53 24.16 73 -15.1%
431 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 23.49 24.15 114 -0.5%
432 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.76 24.14 73 -1.7%
433 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.89 23.99 138 -24.9%
434 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 17.52 23.94 71 32.2%
435 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 26.28 23.76 40 -12.5%
436 Griffith University, Australia 20.76 23.70 88 10.4%
437 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 38.23 23.30 72 -41.0%
438 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.59 23.24 64 -8.5%
439 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 22.21 23.22 103 1.1%
440 Queen's University, Canada 36.92 23.21 77 -39.2%
441 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 20.51 23.08 75 8.9%
442 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.68 23.00 69 -9.8%
443 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 24.68 22.95 60 -10.0%
444 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 25.73 22.94 165 -13.7%
445 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 32.71 22.85 28 -32.4%
446 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 27.37 22.80 110 -19.4%
447 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 23.61 22.70 58 -7.0%
448 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 20.26 22.64 75 8.1%
449 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 26.63 22.59 140 -17.9%
450 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 30.43 22.52 42 -28.4%
451 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 29.25 22.48 94 -25.6%
452 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 24.76 22.11 81 -13.6%
453 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 29.07 22.02 215 -26.7%
454 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 23.49 21.99 100 -9.4%
455 Southern Medical University (SMU), China 10.01 21.93 66 111.9%
456 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 33.48 21.92 246 -36.6%
457 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 16.26 21.89 69 30.3%
458 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 19.78 21.87 70 7.0%
459 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 18.80 21.74 75 11.9%
460 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 22.42 21.74 104 -6.2%
461 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 23.10 21.71 109 -9.1%
462 Army Medical University, China 29.17 21.64 109 -28.2%
463 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 12.58 21.41 62 64.7%
464 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 23.47 21.34 72 -12.0%
465 Kobe University, Japan 24.31 21.32 133 -15.1%
466 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 24.08 21.31 76 -14.4%
467 Chiba University, Japan 27.39 21.27 63 -24.9%
468 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 16.95 21.18 166 20.9%
469 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 21.94 21.17 88 -6.6%
470 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 21.94 21.15 62 -6.7%
471 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 23.42 21.14 37 -12.6%
472 Xiangtan University (XTU), China 19.12 21.07 45 6.6%
473 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 29.83 21.00 67 -31.9%
474 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 22.82 20.97 122 -11.1%
475 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 21.00 20.94 92 -3.5%
476 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 19.37 20.88 50 4.3%
477 Tianjin University of Technology (TJUT), China 20.95 20.87 59 -3.6%
478 University of Siegen, Germany 20.44 20.83 87 -1.4%
479 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 17.71 20.53 158 12.2%
480 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 23.76 20.38 94 -17.0%
481 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 15.32 20.27 82 28.0%
482 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 13.83 20.27 143 41.8%
483 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 13.02 20.22 74 50.2%
484 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 24.20 20.21 254 -19.2%
485 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 23.19 20.13 83 -16.0%
486 Shaanxi University of Science and Technology (SUST), China 4.30 20.12 36 353.0%
487 Florida International University (FIU), United States of America (USA) 15.83 20.10 143 22.8%
488 Bielefeld University, Germany 22.30 20.06 57 -13.0%
489 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 10.99 19.76 38 73.9%
490 Kansas State University (K-State), United States of America (USA) 16.87 19.74 131 13.2%
491 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 27.12 19.43 66 -30.7%
492 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 21.46 19.30 178 -13.0%
493 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 21.83 19.26 86 -14.6%
494 Jiangsu University (JSU), China 14.68 19.25 52 26.9%
495 Kent State University, United States of America (USA) 16.76 19.14 49 10.5%
496 Guangxi Normal University (GXNU), China 15.49 19.13 61 19.5%
497 North China Electric Power University (NCEPU), China 15.68 19.12 46 18.0%
498 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 17.63 19.06 123 4.7%
499 University of Rennes 1, France 17.32 18.84 167 5.3%
500 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 18.83 18.71 44 -3.8%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at nature.com/nature-index/.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2021 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.