Leading academic institutions (normalized)

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018. The normalized ranking is derived by calculating the ratio of Share to the institution’s total article output in natural sciences as tracked by the Dimensions database from Digital Science.

Normalized rank Share rank Institution Normalized Share 2018 Nature Index Share 2018 Dimensions natural science articles 2018 Nature Index Count 2018
1347 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 0.1725031.7418480
256 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 0.15298173.171132390
3415 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 0.1503923.6115755
4430 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 0.1430523.0316170
5289 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 0.1278742.71334119
6155 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 0.1261183.36661276
7422 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 0.1189023.4219734
838 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 0.11413219.921927542
9360 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 0.1094029.7627265
1025 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 0.10903282.392590712
112 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 0.10852622.0157321507
123 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 0.10686560.2852431698
137 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 0.10673406.5238091017
1416 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 0.10466328.943143722
1588 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 0.10440120.061150260
1652 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 0.10237180.381762542
1723 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 0.09935285.742876840
18111 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 0.09647104.771086248
191 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 0.09432874.6892742371
20106 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 0.09382106.951140254
21193 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 0.0912468.88755161
2211 Nanjing University (NJU), China 0.09091386.914256937
23101 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 0.08958108.391210310
2497 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 0.08915111.081246227
2564 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 0.08903155.091742319
2647 Nankai University (NKU), China 0.08672197.112273535
2710 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 0.08659387.0444701195
28393 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 0.0865325.6129688
29201 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 0.0864966.43768108
30140 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 0.0859589.221038271
3142 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 0.08559209.612449467
3221 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 0.08399303.293611744
334 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 0.08308437.8352701283
3428 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 0.08235275.313343643
35221 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 0.0815857.27702169
3612 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 0.08105344.224247863
37313 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 0.0789437.6547778
38354 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 0.0788230.3538564
3939 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 0.07862215.192737581
405 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 0.07742430.8655651100
41160 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 0.0772379.851034245
4213 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 0.07711343.454454981
43146 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 0.0760485.851129219
44196 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 0.0759267.87894161
458 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 0.07450403.7754201197
4634 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 0.07414232.513136569
47207 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 0.0740862.82848153
4849 Soochow University, China 0.07337190.172592350
49168 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.0725976.651056217
5020 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 0.07220311.534315922
5181 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 0.07158128.061789299
5298 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 0.07074110.781566253
5317 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 0.07068328.504648935
54460 Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), South Korea 0.0703819.9928453
5591 Hunan University (HNU), China 0.06998118.751697230
56194 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 0.0698268.28978221
5731 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 0.06920242.693507597
58108 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 0.06875105.671537313
5946 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 0.06754198.312936616
6027 Kyoto University, Japan 0.06744278.594131701
6166 Xiamen University (XMU), China 0.06732150.662238287
626 Peking University (PKU), China 0.06727411.8561221427
63414 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 0.0672523.6735232
6415 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 0.06656330.324963957
6575 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.06598140.542130425
6630 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 0.06583250.933812675
67353 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 0.0653030.4346648
68120 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 0.0647599.971544224
69131 University of Würzburg, Germany 0.0643393.221449288
7014 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 0.06430337.665251840
71260 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 0.0641049.42771152
7277 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 0.06405138.872168319
7350 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 0.06350189.612986655
74208 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 0.0630062.75996103
7529 Fudan University, China 0.06226254.844093663
7651 Wuhan University (WHU), China 0.06183185.312997364
77349 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 0.0616331.0050367
78220 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 0.0612357.68942196
7926 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 0.06109281.814613876
80152 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 0.0610284.021377257
81129 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 0.0608595.041562251
82209 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 0.0608261.921018157
83323 ShanghaiTech University, China 0.0605736.34600164
84356 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 0.0604030.2050086
8522 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 0.05974287.644815854
86134 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 0.0584291.661569308
8743 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 0.05842205.333515638
88230 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 0.0584055.48950151
8954 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 0.05817178.303065459
9092 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 0.05815114.201964222
91136 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 0.0575390.261569300
92124 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 0.0574297.101691316
9359 Osaka University, Japan 0.05739167.472918459
9432 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.05738240.274187954
9582 Nagoya University, Japan 0.05736127.912230387
96322 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 0.0572136.3963694
97420 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 0.0568523.5441434
98164 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 0.0565777.781375193
99109 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 0.05599105.031876219
100341 University of Konstanz, Germany 0.0559032.8158785


The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.